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Genrikh Vasilievich Novozhilov

Genrikh Vasilievich NovozhilovGenrikh Vasilievich Novozhilov - Soviet and Russian aircraft designer, General Designer of S.V.Ilyushin Design Bureau in the period from 1970 to 2005, twice Hero of Socialist Labor, doctor of technical sciences, professor, academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, was the creator of the projects of the heavy military transport aircraft Il-76, passenger wide-body Il-96, as well as the twin-engine turboprop aircraft Il-114.

In each of these programs for creating new aircraft, Genrikh Vasilievich Novozhilov showed a high creative activity of the design engineer, developing simple, reliable and efficient aircraft designs that ensure a high level of flight safety. He made a great contribution to the development of world aircraft construction, the development of the theory and practice of designing passenger and transport aircraft, primarily from the standpoint of ensuring their reliability and large capacity.

Henry V. Novozhilov was born October 27, 1925 in Moscow. Father Vasily Vasilyevich Sokolov (1900-1987) was a military engineer, mother Iraida Ivanovna Novozhilova (1901-1979) was a military man. From childhood he dreamed of becoming a pilot, but in 1939 he injured his leg and underwent several operations, and had to part with a dream about the profession of a pilot. But not with aviation! At the beginning of the Great Patriotic War he was with his mother in evacuation in Penza, where he graduated from nine classes of secondary school.

"When it came time to choose an institute, I chose aviation: let the designer, but still in aviation. When I defended my diploma, I was invited to work."In August 1942 he returned to Moscow and was hired as a laboratory assistant at the Department of Physics of the Moscow Aviation Institute (MAI; now it has the status of a national research university). In 1943 he was enrolled as a student in the aircraft engineering department of the MAI. He graduated from high school in 1949.

Since 1948, he passed pre-diploma practice in the experimental design bureau (OKB) at plant No. 240 of the People's Commissariat of Aviation Industry of the USSR, which was headed by aircraft designer Sergei Ilyushin. So from the year 1948 Novozhilov has one employment record: “Aviation complex named after S. V. Ilyushin. In 1966, the OKB-240 was transformed into the Moscow Machine-Building Plant (MMP) Strela, since 1977 - MMP them. S.V. Ilyushin, from December 1991 - OAO them. S.V. Ilyushin, since 1994 - OJSC "Aviation Complex named after SV Ilyushin" (OJSC "IL"). After graduating from the MAI in 1949, received a distribution to this enterprise.

As a design engineer, he participated in the creation of the IL-14 passenger aircraft (the first flight was 1950), the Il-40 attack aircraft (1953), and the IL-46 jet bomber (1952). He was the lead engineer for the development of the Il-54 bomber (1955, did not go into the series). From 1956 to 1958, he was elected secretary of the party committee of the enterprise. In 1958 he was appointed deputy chief designer of the OKB, conducted work on the IL-18 turboprop passenger aircraft and its acceptance into service.

Since 1964, he served as chief designer and first deputy general designer Sergey Ilyushin. He worked on the project for the creation and launch into serial production of the long-haul IL-62 passenger aircraft. In July 1970, on the recommendation of Sergei Ilyushin, who retired for health reasons, Henry Novozhilov was appointed by the USSR Council of Ministers as general designer, responsible manager of the enterprise.

Under the leadership of Genrik Novozhilov, the most common Il-76 military transport and civil aviation aircraft was created. Subsequently, at its base military transport aircraft IL-76MF and IL-76MD were designed; IL-76K, designed for cosmonaut training in a short-term weightlessness; the flying IL-76MD Scalpel hospital, etc. President Vladimir Putin. With the participation of Novozhilov, IL-96MO (prototype aircraft with American engines and equipment) and IL-96T (cargo), IL-103 (light multipurpose), IL-114, IL-114-100 were created.

Genrikh Vasilievich Novozhilov In December 2005, at the age of 80, Genrik Novozhilov resigned as head of the company. Since 2006, he served as chief science adviser to the general director and general designer of OAO S.V. Ilyushin Aviation Complex.

He was a member of the editorial board of the national aviation magazine Wings of the Motherland. He was a member of the CPSU (b), then the CPSU (1951-1991). He was elected deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (1974-1989), people's deputy of the USSR (1989-1991). He was a member of the State Committee for Defense and State Security of the USSR Armed Forces. He was one of the initiators of the International Aviation and Space Salon (MAKS) in Zhukovsky near Moscow. In 1992, the aircraft designer with his company participated in the first Russian exhibition Mosaeroshow, with which he led the history of MAKS.

Titles and regalia Novozhilova cannot easily be listed, as his services to the motherland are impressive. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1971, 1981). Winner of the Lenin Prize (1970; for the creation of the IL-62 long-haul aircraft), the 2005 Russian government prize in science and technology (2006; "for comprehensive experimental studies of models of various-purpose aircraft in the T-128 transonic wind tunnel").

He was awarded three Orders of Lenin (1969, 1971, 1981), Orders of the Badge of Honor (1957), the Red Banner of Labor (1966), the October Revolution (1975), Friendship of Peoples (1992; for holding the exhibition Mosaerosh Show 92), For services to the Fatherland "I, II and III degree (2016, 2000, 1995). And also by many medals, including "Sickle and Hammer" (1971, 1981), "For valiant work in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945." and others. Awarded a number of foreign countries.

He had a gold medal of A.N. Tupolev (1991; "for outstanding work in the field of aviation science and technology") - award of the USSR Academy of Sciences. On October 20, 2014, at the World Trade Center in Moscow, Henry Novozhilov was declared the winner of the Aircraft Builder of the Year 2013 contest ("for his personal contribution to the development of the aviation industry"). He was an honorary aircraft manufacturer (1983), Honored Designer of the Russian Federation (2005).

He was the author of scientific papers on the choice of the aerodynamic layout of the wing, the reliability of the airframe, taking into account safety in case of damage, etc .; 130 technical inventions and innovations protected by patents. He wrote a book about himself and airplanes (published in 2011 with a circulation of only 500 copies).

Wife - Lyudmila Ivanovna Novozhilova (Lisina; born in 1933), philologist. Son - Sergey (born in 1967), aviation engineer.

Genrik Vasilyevich died on 28 April 2019 at the 94th year of his life. Genrikh Novozhilov was buried at the Federal Memorial Cemetery of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. In parting with Novozhilov came Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov, UAC President Yuri Slyusar, Director General of the Aviation Complex named after Ilyushin Yuri Grudinin, deputy head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade Oleg Bocharov, commander of the Military Transport Aviation Vladimir Benediktov, many representatives of industry and ministries of the Russian Federation.

Genrikh Vasilyevich wrote an interesting book about himself and airplanes about his fate, which immediately became a bibliographical rarity. And this is not surprising - the book’s circulation of all 500 copies, and it absorbed a whole epoch of the national aviation industry: from IL-14 to IL-96-400. And the story was led by a man who personally went through all the steps in the design bureau, in the experimental and then in batch production, who knew his business perfectly.




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Page last modified: 17-11-2019 19:08:24 ZULU