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Novorossiysk

In 2004 Sergei Ivanov, the Russian Defence Minister, announced plans to start building a new naval base in 2005 at the southern Russian port of Novorossiysk. He insisted that the Black Sea fleet would remain in Sevastopol, for which Moscow paid $6.4 million in rent in 2003 and expected to pay $12 million in 2004. "Two bases are always better than one," he said.

Russia will finish the construction of the naval base in country's port of Novorossiysk located at the country's Black Sea coast by 2020, Adm. Igor Kasatonov, the former head of Russia's Black Sea Fleet, said in an interview 28 July 2016. "It is difficult to announce the final terms of the base construction yet, but we will certainly finish it by 2020," Kasatonov, who also was the first deputy commander of Russia's Navy, told RIA Novosti.

He added that the construction of the base's western breakwater, which was important to protect ships from stormy weather, was expected to be finished in 2016. According to Kasatonov, Russia's Black Sea Fleet should have several stationing sites, including in Novorossiysk and in Sevastopol.

Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, main naval bases of the Black Sea Fleet were left outside the Russian Federation. Within the framework of the agreements with Kiev, Russia's Black Sea Fleet was mostly located in then-Ukrainian Crimea. In 2005, in order to create necessary infrastructure for the fleet in the country's Black Sea coast, Russian authorities initiated construction of the Novorossiysk naval base.

Novorossiysk Commercial Sea Port (NCSP) is one of the largest transport nodal point of South Russia. NCSP has the largest cargo turnover among Russian ports (report of Association of Russian Sea Ports) and the fifth largest in Europe. NCSP handles approximately 20% of all export and import cargoes shipped via Russian Sea ports (report of Association of Russian Sea Ports). The stevedore holding company was established here in 2006. NCSP have consolidated 6 largest stevedore and port service companies. Above stevedore holding company includes the following organizations: OJSC «Novoroslesexport», OJSC «IPP», OJSC «Novorossiysk Grain Terminal», OJSC «Fleet of Novorossiysk Commercial Sea Port», OJSC «Novorossiysk Ship-Repair Yard». These companies handle about 97% of all cargoes in Port of Novorossiysk.

Novorossiysk is a city in southern Russia located in the south-west of Krasnodar krai, on the coast of Novorossiyskaya (Tsemesskaya) Bay of the Black Sea. It is an important transport hub of the region. Novorossiysk sea port is one of the largest Russian sea ports that inlcudes a passenger, freight and oil loading ports. Novorossiysk is also a naval base of the Russian Black Sea Fleet. The population of Novorossiysk is about 262,000 (2015), the area - 81 sq. km. The city stretches 25 km along the amphitheater of Tsemesskaya Bay, surrounded by mountains of the North Caucasus.

It is considered that the first people inhabited the outskirts of present Novorossiysk in the Paleolithic era. In the 5th century BC, it was a town of Bata located on the border with the kingdom of Bosporus with the capital in Pantikapeya (present Kerch). Bata was a Greek town mainly engaged in trade of grain and fish. In the 2nd century BC, Bata was destroyed by a nomadic tribe of the Alans. This invasion slowed the development of civilization on the shore of Tsemesskaya Bay. At this very time, the tribes of the Adyghes formed. They gave Tsemesskaya Bay its current name, after the Tsemes River (“tsiye” - a lot of insects, “mesy” - forest). The Adyghes were persecuted by the Khazars and the Mongols and finally these tribes had to move to the mountains.

In the 13th century, Tsemesskaya Bay belonged to the Golden Horde. Batario fortress was constructed at the mouth of the Tsemes River by people from Genoa, as they had control of sea trade ways between East and West at a time. The fortress defended the town from the Adyghes and was not preserved.

Chernomorskaya, formerly a province of Russia, North Caucasia, was later a separate military district of Kuban. By 1900 it included the narrow strip of land along the east coast of the Black Sea, from Novorossiysk, its capital, to nearly as far as Pitsunda, between the sea-coast and the waterparting of the main Caucasus range, which sends many spurs to the coast, leaving a narrow and extremely malarial belt between the mountains and the sea. A rich vegetation of a southern character, favored by copious rains, grows along the coast; but the country, since the forced exodus of the Tcherkesses, was very thinly populated. It was divided into three districts: Novorossiysk, capital of the province (20,511), Veliaminovsk, and Soch (chief town Dakhovskiy Posad, 1040). Novorossiysk is connected by rail with the main line of North Caucasia, and a mountain road is being made from Veliaminovskaya (Tuapse) to Maikop in Kuban. A road ran all along the coast, upon which small Russian and pretty Czech villages are growing up. Population (1896), 49,745, chiefly Russians, also Greeks, Czechs, Armenians, and about 1300 Tcherkesses.

During their 1920 operation against Novorossiysk and in the Kuban district, the Soviet army succeeded in capturing 12,000 officers and 100,000 men, 300 guns, enormous quantities of ammunition, rolling stock, and 15,000,000 pounds of benzine. Such important booty at the moment of the development of military operations against the Poles was an event of considerable importance. The Kuban Cossack people, in accepting the Soviet regime, represented a strong reinforcement for the Red Army engaged against the Poles.




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