Ivan Isidorovich Nosenko
1953-1956 - Transport and Heavy Machinery Building
Ivan Isidorovich Nosenko was born on April 18 (May 1), 1902 in the village of Berlevets Bryansk County Orel province (now Dubrovsky district of the Bryansk region) in a working class family. Ivan Nosenko started his career in 1914 in the city of Nikolayev, messenger work at the shipyard, in 1916 became the autogenous welder. In the 1917-1920. rotten on the farm Novoboguslavka Mykolayiv province. In 1920 - assistant, later - the inspector of labor protection in the provincial department of trade unions. In 1921-1922. - Prodarmeets. In 1922 he returned to the shipyard in the office timekeeper.
In 1925 he joined the CPSU (b). After the end of the workers' school in 1925 and the Nikolaev Shipbuilding Institute in 1928, worked as a foreman, chief mechanic of the assembly shop, head of the design department at the Nikolaev shipyard named Marti (1923-1935). In 1935-1939 gg. I.I.Nosenko was in leadership positions in the shipyards of Leningrad (the chief engineer, chief engineer, director of the Baltic plant named after Ordzhonikidze). From October 1939 to May 1940 - 1st Deputy Commissar, to May 1940 - People's Commissar of Shipbuilding Industry of the USSR. During the Great Patriotic War at the same time (September 1941-February 1942) - 1st Deputy Commissar for Tank Industry of the USSR. I.I.Nosenko was headed by the People's Commissariat of shipbuilding during a period when there was development and implementation of the program of building a large fleet.
Shipbuilding industry received a significant development has been the reconstruction of the Leningrad and Nikolaev shipyards, were built large factories Maritime shipbuilding in the Far East and in the North, it was carried out reconstruction and created new businesses marine instrumentation and marine engineering. Much progress has been the research and design, set up special classes for ships Central Design Bureau and Research Institute. By the beginning of the war shipbuilding enterprises transferred Navy 312 new large and medium-sized ships, including 206 submarines, 4 cruisers, 37 destroyers and the leaders of 56 patrol ships and coastal minesweepers, 8 river monitors, as well as 477 combat boats. For the national economy built 4 powerful icebreaker and a wide variety of cargo ships and barges. The construction program for the third five-year period (from 1937 to 1942.) Called for the construction of a significant number of submarines and surface ships. In 1940 it was built around 270 ships of various classes.
I.I.Nosenko brought to the work of People's Commissariat a profound vision of the problems of shipbuilding, shipbuilder great experience, organizational skills head of state level. Since the beginning of the war industry job was radically rebuilt. Shipbuilding Commissariat the assertion ICT program in the most difficult conditions. At the beginning of the war had been lost huge production capacities in the basins of the Baltic, North, Black Sea. Many shipyards were in the areas of reach of enemy aircraft and even artillery (Leningrad, Stalingrad, Sevastopol). Nevertheless, overcoming incredible difficulties, enterprises of the shipbuilding industry in conjunction with the Navy (Commissar NG Kuznetsov) were able to perform a large amount of construction and repair of ships.
As a result of the occupation of the western and southern regions of the USSR, the siege of Leningrad in 1941 lost 30% of shipbuilding capacity. I.I.Nosenko take urgent measures to evacuate the plant and equipment and deployment work evacuated factories. In accordance with the decision of the Government of the People's Commissariat concentrated all their efforts on the implementation plan for the construction of submarines (PL), destroyers, minesweepers, combat boats - anti-submarine, artillery, torpedo. Soviet shipbuilding industry to meet the needs of the fleet and partly - the army. The stocks went torpedo boats, submarines, auxiliary vessels, means of maintenance. During the war it was built more than 1 thousand battleships and boats of different classes. Improve weapons, master new technical equipment, torpedoes, different types of mines, radar and sonar devices.
As a result of hard work of shipbuilders in 1941-1945. built: 2 cruisers (like "Maxim Gorky"), 20 destroyers, 54 submarines, 15 large hunters submarines, 55 minesweepers, more than 600 combat boats. Plants industry performed emergency fighting, recovery and scheduled maintenance 3 battleships, 7 cruisers, 164 submarines, 25 leaders and destroyers, 15 patrol boats, 200 coastal minesweepers 344 small ships. In addition, the factory "Red Sormovo" in Gorky (now Nizhny Novgorod) with the direct Supervision I.I.Nosenko issued 12 thousand. Tanks. Improving the fighting qualities of ships, sailors growth of skill increases the effectiveness of combat operations of the fleet.
Activities of the People's Commissariat of the shipbuilding industry and its head I. Nosenko contributed not only to the early achievement of victory, no, and they laid the foundation and conditions for the construction and operation of the post-war Soviet ocean, including the nuclear fleet. Already in 1944, and more active in 1945, designed and implemented by the beginning of the first ten-year shipbuilding program of the country. In the post-war I.I.Nosenko led various industries of the USSR. March 19, 1946, he was appointed member of the Bureau of Mechanical Engineering of the USSR.
In 1947-1950 gg. - Minister of Transport Engineering of the USSR in the years 1950-1953. - 1st Deputy Minister of Shipbuilding Industry of the USSR, in March and August 1953 - 1 st Deputy Minister of transport and heavy machinery of the USSR in 1953-1954. - Minister of transport and heavy machinery of the USSR in 1954-1956 gg. - Minister of Shipbuilding Industry of the USSR.
I.I.Nosenko took an active part in developing and implementing the program of equipment fleet ships to meet its quality requirements of the time and to change the strategic situation in the USSR. In 1952, Nosenko was elected a candidate member of the CPSU Central Committee, and in 1954 - deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.
Vyacheslav A. Malyshev, one of the Soviet Union's top engineers and planners, was relieved of his post as minister of transport machinery and heavy machine building in a major government change in 1953. Malyshev, a former deputy premier, was considered by Western authorities to be one of the most important men in the Soviet Union because he has held key posts in the development of the Soviet industrial war potential.
The announcement that Malyshev had been replaced by Ivan Isidorovich Nosenko was made in the newspaper Evening Moscow on 14 July 1953. What happened to Malyshev was not revealed in the dispatch. Nosenko (19 April 1902 - 2 August 1956) was a Soviet politician and from 1939 until his death in 1956. He was People's Commissar for Shipbuilding of the USSR. Nosenko, Malyshev's successor, had continuous experience in the field. He succeeded Malyshev as minister of transport engineering when the latter stepped up in 1947.
He was awarded three Orders of Lenin, the Order of Nakhimov I degree, three Orders of the Red Banner, Order of the Red Star and "Badge of Honor", with many medals.
The family Nosenko had two sons, George and Vladimir (both graduates of the University). The family lived in the famous "House on the Embankment" in Moscow. Ivan Nosenko Isidorovich died August 2, 1956. The urn with his ashes interred in the Kremlin wall on Red Square in Moscow. He is the only Bryantsev been awarded such a high honor. From 1956 to 1968, a bust of I.I.Nosenko was standing at the entrance to the Nikolaev shipyard. His name was of the largest shipyard in Nikolayev, South Street and a residential village (part of this area YUTZ).
Ivan Isidorovich Nosenko was the father of notable Soviet defector and KGB officer, Yuri Ivanovich Nosenko. In late January 1964 Yuri Nosenko contacted CIA and soon defected. Two years earlier, Nosenko – a mid-level KGB officer – volunteered to work for the CIA as an agent in place. Nosenko made a startling disclosure: he had been assigned to watch Oswald during his defection to the Soviet Union (1959-1962). Nosenko said the KGB declined to work with Oswald after determining he was unstable.
The Nosenko case had been acontinuous point of contention between the Agency’s CI Staff and the peopleresponsible for recruiting and running operations against the Soviet Union. The case clouded the bona fides of other Soviet defectors and in-place sources and contributed to the internal questioning by the FBI of the validity of their sources.
Nosenko contradicted Angleton's key source on the KGB, defector Anatoly Golitsyn. Golitsyn asserted that the Soviets had a mole inside the CIA. Golitsyn also claimed that Nosenko was a disinformation agent sent both to discredit him and to hide Moscow's hand in President Kennedy's death. Despite being detained for more than three years, Yuri Nosenko never changed his story. Nosenko was eventually released and compensated.
After the scandal with his eldest son, Yuri, the captain of the KGB, who went to the West in 1964, the name of I.I.Nosenko was removed from encyclopedias, bust dismantled factory, street and village renamed. Today in the Ukrainian city of Nikolaev, which has long lived and worked I.I.Nosenko, his name is almost forgotten.
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