Military


Nerpich'ya
Murmansk-150
6927'00"N 3222'00"E

Zapadnaya Litsa is the largest and most important Russian naval base for nuclear-powered submarines. The Northern Fleet, operating out of the Kola Peninsula, includes five naval bases: Zapadnaya Litsa, Vidyayevo, Gadzhievo, Severomorsk, and Gremikha. Of these bases, Zapadnaya Litsa is the most important for two reasons. First, it is only forty-five kilometers from the Norwegian border and has, therefore, attracted serious attention from Norway. Second, it is the largest submarine base in Russia with four naval facilities associated with it. These facilities are Andreeva Bay, Bolshaya Lopatka, Malaya Lopatka, and Nerpicha [Nerpichya].

Bolshaya Lopatka has eight piers and a servicing dock for submarine storage and repair. A small amount of solid and liquid radioactive waste is stored there. Excess waste is transported to Andreeva Bay. The Nerpicha solid and liquid radioactive waste storage facilities are also small, so this waste is transported to Andreeva Bay as well. At Malaya Lopatka, there are five piers and a floating dock for submarine maintenance.

The base is located on the Litsa Fjord at the westernmost point of the Kola Peninsula. All the Typhoon-class submarines are stationed with the Northern Fleet at Nerpichya. The residential city for the naval base is located six kilometers east of the inner reaches of the Litsa Fjord. Currently called Zaozersk, until the beginning of the 1980s the town was known as Severomorsk-7. It has also been called Murmansk-150 and Zaozerny.

Zaozyorsk is a Closed Administrational and Territorial District (ZATO - zakrytye administrativno-territorial'nye obrazovaniia). In 1958 the settlement was formed here, which was called Zaozerny village, it was made with the aim of creation of base for the nuclear underwater fleet in order to strengthen our Northern sea borders. In 1959 the first Soviet nuclear submarine K-3 entered to new base "Zapadnaya Litsa", later this submarine was called "Leninsky Komsomol". Zaozyorsk is situated in 120 km from Murmansk. Severe climate with changeable temperatures and strong winds, long Polar Night in winter (about 43 days), a lot of rivers, streams and lakes, rocky ground, swamps, remoteness of the town from the other towns distinguish Zaozyorsk from the other districts of the Far North. There are 113 enterprises, organisations and institutions of different forms of property, including 14 of state property and 32 municipal ones. The population of the town is about 18.3 thousand people. The main part of the population is occupied with military activity, a lot of people work at state enterprises of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation and at municipal enterprises. At present about 30 small enterprises work in the town. There are 12 educational institutions, including three secondary comprehensive schools, three kindergartens, children's sport school, the Centre of children and youth.

Nerpich'ya is an inspectable submarine facility under the START-1 agreement. The United States and the Soviet Union signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) on 31 July 1991. When START entered into force on 05 December 1994, the signatories began to implement the Treaty's complex set of intrusive inspection and verification measures. As part of START's verification provisions, each signatory was required to declare all facilities related to ICBMs, submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs), and heavy bombers. The former Soviet Union (FSU) has declared over five dozen START-inspectable sites in all categories, including five SLBM facilities and six submarine facilities.

SUBMARINE BASE: NERPICH'YA

 

SLBM TYPE SS-N-20

DEPLOYED SLBMS

82

DEPLOYED LAUNCHERS OF SLBMS

120

NON-DEPLOYED SLBMS

0
BALLISTIC MISSILE SUBMARINES BASED AT THIS SUBMARINE BASE:  
NUMBER OF SUBMARINES/AGGREGATE NUMBER OF LAUNCHERS BY SLBM TYPE SS-N-20
SUBMARINE TYPE: TYPHOON 6/120
  NUMBER

STORAGE CRANES

0

MISSILE TENDERS

0







References




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