Military Police Force
Mechanized unit of the military police of the Armed Forces for the first time will take part in the Victory Parade on May 9 in Red Square, the Defense Ministry said 11 pril 2017. "Convoy of military police vehicles present multipurpose armored terrain designed to perform specific tasks and personnel carriers, "Tiger", "Typhoon-K", "Typhoon-U".
The military police is the youngest structure of the Armed Forces of Russia, which was established December 1, 2011. By April 2017 it had more than nine thousand people. The main functions of the police is to ensure law and order and road safety in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
Russia's Federation Council approved the presidential law on 29 January 2014 about military police of the Armed Forces of Russia. The law "On Defense" has thus been supplemented with a new article " Military Police of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation." The military police will be subordinate to the Minister of Defense of Russia. The document said that the military police have the right to use physical force (including combat fighting techniques), special tools, firearms, military and special equipment in cases stipulated in federal constitutional laws, federal laws, military regulations of the armed forces and the charter of the military police.
Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a bill into law 04 February 2014 to create a greatly broadened military police force to defend the country’s military bases and maintain order on them. The new law will substantially increase the size and powers of the military police, including granting officers the right to use physical force and carry firearms. The head of the military police, Igor Sidorkevich, said that the force will need to expand to more than 50,000 officers from its current size of 6,500 to meet its new responsibilities, which could include counterterrorist security and riot control according to the new law.
Igor Sidorkevich, long time president of the Judo Federation of St. Petersburg, was appointed the head of the Defense Ministry Military Police in July 2013. Since 1993 Sidorkevich headed by Judo Federation of St. Petersburg, was vice president of Judo Federation of Russia (BDF), and two-time world champion in sambo [a style that originated in the early 20th century in Russia, as a combination of local wrestling styles, Judo and Greco-Roman wrestling].
According to official information Igor Mikhailovich Sidorkevich was born in the village Byalynkavichy (Kastyukovichy district Magileu region) Byelorussian SSR in 1963. In 1981-1985 he studied at the Military Institute of Physical Culture in Leningrad. In 1985 he graduated from Military Institute of physical culture and later also finished North-West Academy of public service (2000) and Academy of the Federal Security Service (2004). In 2002 he graduated from the Academy of Civil Service, and in 2004 - the Academy of the FSB of Russia.
From 1985 to 2001 Sidorkevich performed military service in various officer positions in the Armed Forces of the USSR and the Russian Federation. In the 1990s he worked in the St. Petersburg city administration, including being the first deputy chairman of the Physical Culture and Sports Committee.
He is an honored master of sports in judo, doctor of pedagogical sciences. Russian Judo Federation explained that Sidorkevich continued to head the Department of Judo Federation in St. Petersburg and will be Vice-President of the BDF.
In the main military police administration Sidorkevich proposed to act with restraint. Of course, this man had no relation to the armed forces. But with his contacts and administrative resources, the process of forming a military police finally get off the ground. Sidorkevich, reported that the military police would carry out new functions, in particular, to defend highly important objects and provide anti-terrorist protection of the fuel and energy complex. To execute the goal, according to Sidorkevich, 51,000 troops will be required, while the currently authorized military police is 6,500-strong. Sidorkevich also reported that the military police would work closely with the FSB, the Federal Drug Control Service and the military prosecutor.
The idea of the creation of the military police in the Russian army was pushed by President Vladimir Putin, January 31, 2006 at a press conference in the Kremlin. Then he said that "the control of the rule of law in the Russian Armed Forces may be assigned to the military police." Three years later, Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov signed a decree on the establishment of the military police on the basis of military commandants' offices and military traffic police. But in the spring of 2010, this decision was canceled due to lack of regulatory framework. After that, a draft federal law "On Military Police" was all approvals, including in the State Duma, and was ready to be signed in 2012. After arrival of the Minister of Defence of Sergey Shoygu, the future military police lost some functions, in particular it won't carry out inquiry and investigation and search operations on crimes of the military personnel.
Russian President Vladimir Putin approved the charter of the Military Police of the Armed Forces 27 March 2015. Document published on the official website of legal information "identifies the main areas of activity, functions, powers and organization of the military police."
The decree states that "the military police is to protect the life, health, rights and freedoms of military personnel, civilian personnel in the Armed Forces to ensure law and order, military discipline." Direct the military police must immediately Defense Minister.
As they say in reference to a document published on the website of the Kremlin, "officials of the military police are empowered body of inquiry in the Armed Forces, which gives them the right to perform checks on the report of a crime and the production of urgent investigative actions." In addition, "the organs of the military police are entitled to conduct proceedings in cases of administrative offenses and disciplinary misdemeanors."
The military police came right to ensure state protection of victims, witnesses and other participants in criminal proceedings from the army, military judges, prosecutors of the military prosecution, managers and investigators of military investigative agencies, including other protected persons.
The Charter of the military police provided "performance against military criminal penalties in the form of detention in a disciplinary military unit and arrest, as well as disciplinary action in the form of disciplinary arrest in the guardhouse with the content." Also, the statute defines the measures to search for soldiers who refuse to perform military service, and police assistance of the Russian Federation in search and detention of military personnel who have committed crimes.
The Law on Military Police was signed February 4, 2014, passed by the Parliament on January 24 and approved by the Federation Council on January 29. The document was amended in the legislation on the activities of the military police of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, established the foundations of the organizational structure of the military police and its activities.
Official activities of the military police to identify and commit the offenses provided for the use of video and audio, film and photographic equipment, as well as other technical and special tools. Also, "in the cases provided by law, to complete a task patrol during the protection of military facilities and military escort (suspected or accused of committing a crime for which the Court issued a decision on measures of restraint in the form of detention), military officials Police have the authority to use of physical force, including combat methods of struggle, special means, military and special equipment and firearms. "
During consideration of the bill in the lower house of the presidential envoy to the Duma said that the military police have already set up and running, but its activity is regulated by departmental orders. The number of military police is 6.5 thousand people and an increase was not planned.
It should be noted that officials didn't have to view the Act from scratch. Anatoly Serdyukov, when he held the post of Minister of defense of the Russian Federation [2007-2012], many times reported to the President as well as various members on the development of the law and the need to create a structure with military and police functions.
On 30 November 2009 the Head of the Main Directorate of Combat Training and Service of the Armed Forces Lieutenant-General Valery Yevnevich reported that the Russian Armed Forces will create the military police. Decree on the establishment of the military police can be signed on 1 December Defence Minister Anatoly Serdyukov. Evnevich said on this occasion: "All documents relating to the introduction of the Armed Forces Institute of Military Police, worked out and submitted for approval to the Minister of Defense." "We expect that on December 1, with the beginning of the new academic year (in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation), these instruments will enter into force", - he said.
The General Directorate of Military Police of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation was formed in 2011 and was intended for the implementation of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation of certain powers to ensure the rule of law and military discipline in the Armed Forces, the organization and implementation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation special control, regulation and licensing in field of road safety in the Armed Forces; coordination of forces and military units on road safety and also ensure the protection of critical and osoborezhimnyh military facilities, military camps and garrisons of the Armed Forces.
In March 2012 the management of the 130th Military Police Brigade was formed and began manning the First Battalion. In total, the brigade must include three mechanized infantry battalion, armed with armored vehicles stand "UAZ", "Tiger" and Iveco Lynx and BTR-80. The unit was was disbanded in 2013 due to lack of immediate tasks.
The law, patterned on foreign military practices, tasked the force with protecting the rights of servicemen, investigating crimes committed by or against military personnel and with guarding and maintaining law and order at defense facilities. Previously, the investigation of military crimes was under the jurisdiction of unit commanders. A small military police force was introduced in 2012 in an effort to combat the theft of defense property and widespread hazing in the armed forces, which still conscript young men for one year of obligatory service.
It was to be hoped that the review and approval of the thirty-four articles of the Bill from the experts took a bit of time. Representatives of the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation suggested that the law should enter into force on the first of December 2012. However, prior to the entry into force of the law must be approved by the deputies of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, after which it must be agreed upon by officials in the Federation Council. After passing all the stages of the approval process, the law must be passed to the President of the Russian Federation for signing and approval.
Drafting the Bill had taken into account the recommendations proposed, all of them are in the final version of the document. Officials of the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation planned that this law would have to change for the better the lives of soldiers and military personnel, will help to deal with bullying, which often occurs in army barracks. In addition, the military structure would be court-ordered sanctions against members of the armed forces, as well as conscripted soldiers who illegally avoided military service. Also part of the functions of the military Lyceum n will include protection of military headquarters, army leaders, military goods, as well as military depots and escorting military convoys. Accordingly, departmental traffic police will now obey the police Glaucus, Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation.
Originally it was planned that the military police would not be involved in any way in the investigation, it was planned to limit the responsibilities of the operational search and investigative activities. However, under the new law, the military police will have the power to investigate crimes which were assigned the small and average level of severity, in addition, the military police will deal with cases involving disciplinary misconduct, as well as with administrative offences. In addition, the military police will be passed to the initial inquiry, traditionally these functions comply with regular officers. However, prosecutors now military police will be taking, registration process and control messages containing information about the committed or planned crimes.
According to the information that will be provided by members of the military police, the judges will decide which of the detainees, accused persons, suspects and convicted soldiers should be isolated from the rest of the guardhouse. In addition, military police should search for and apprehension of deserters and samovol'sikov. In this paper, the police will be assisted by officials of the Ministry of the Interior. In addition, the military police and the Ministry of the Interior will cooperate in the tracing of stolen from military units of equipment, ammunition, weapons, etc.
Polygraph testing is one of the most important stages of careful quite long checking all officers who have chosen to continue the service in established disciplinary units of the armed forces. The selection of candidates for the post of military police are special staff structure. The relatively large number of applicants for these positions do not pass even the first stages of selection. It should be noted that, for example, in the Western military district every fifth officer did not pass the selection interview. However, already two hundred candidates successfully passed all stages of testing. Also it should be said that the Police Department is a voluntary desire to an employee, however, one wishes, in this case a little. This requires that a candidate for the position of military police responded to a number of stringent requirements, in particular, it must have excellent health, neuro-psychological resistance, excellent physical training, as well as it should have good moral and professional qualities.
Military experts say that the greatest difficulty is to determine the true motivation of the person who purports to be a position in the military police. Of course, no one at the interview will not openly say that he beats his wife, and in the service beats a soldier that begins to drink, if there are difficulties in his life. In order to avoid such people for service in the military police, all candidates must pass a rigorous multi-step selection process. However, the final result depends mainly on the testing, which candidate will be held at the polygraph examination, as well as from interviews with professional psychologist. A polygraph test is the existence of eight different clusters, respectively, one cannot know in advance what questions one would get. However, even if the candidate has successfully passed all stages of testing, it cannot be said unequivocally that he would become a police officer. After all phases of testing officer should be trained, which is six months, with the main subject of this study will, of course, the law.
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