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Phlox / Flox / Floks - 120-mm self-propelled artillery

On the open platform of Uralvagonzavod, a novelty was demonstrated that invariably attracted the attention of the guests and forum participants - a 120-mm self-propelled artillery gun "Flox" designed and manufactured by Nizhny Novgorod Central Research Institute "Burevestnik", part of the UVZ. The King of Bahrain Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalif came to get acquainted with this product, accompanied by Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin. His Majesty was impressed by what he saw.

Elegant, bright phloxes, in addition to their remarkable decorative qualities, also possess such advantages as simplicity and ability to grow in various lighting conditions and on various soils . In addition, they stand in a bouquet for a long time and are therefore well suited to decorate a room.

The artillery part of the new ACS is a combined semiautomatic rifled 120-mm gun 2A80, combining the functions of a cannon howitzer and mortar. It can fire any mortar mines with a caliber of 120 mm, including high-precision controlled mine "Gran", as well as shells with ready-made cuts.

This CAO weighs about 20 tons. Its crew is 4 persons (3 artillerymen and the driver). It is distinguished by a very high level of automation, due to which the time of transfer to combat position reaches a record 30 seconds.The calculation has the latest means of guidance, navigation and communication. The existing ammunition also hits records - 80 shots, which are in protected special armored superstructures.

The self-propelled gun is capable of using various types of ammunition. For example, high-explosive shells can hit targets at a range of 13 km, controlled, at a distance of 10 kilometers. It is also possible to use 120 mm min. The rate of fire can reach up to 10 rounds per minute.

For uninterrupted operation with the main engine switched off, an autonomous power supply unit is mounted. Thanks to this, the "Phlox" will not only increase the resource of the main power plant, but also reduce thermal visibility, which will increase the survival rate on the battlefield. This will also be facilitated by a complex of opto-electronic countermeasures against precision weapons of the enemy, with detection sensors and a special grenade launcher defense system. In addition, for defense, there is a remote-controlled module with 12.7-mm machine guns. And the CAO itself, performed on the chassis of the armored car "Ural", has a good armor protection.

In comparison with caterpillar machines, "Phlox" has increased mobility, which is very much appreciated in modern conditions. The automated gun is placed on the armored wheeled chassis of the Ural-VV vehicle with a 6x6 wheel arrangement. On the roof of the armored cabin is a remotely controlled module with a 12.7 mm Kord machine gun. Protection from controlled weapons is provided by a system for detecting laser radiation and jamming.

The Phlox was invented for engaging stationary and moving targets by high-explosive mortar shells as well as guided (Kitolov-2M) or high-explosive projectiles.

The first distinctive feature of the vehicle is that engineers managed to mount a heavy 120mm artillery piece on a cross-country truck chassis; usually, howitzers are track-based. This technical decision extended the weapon's range of action. "The main edge of the Phlox is its mobility, terrain crossing capacity and cost-effectiveness. It can use all-purpose roads. We managed to install a powerful gun on wheels," designer-engineer Denis Kirishev told Sputnik.

The second advantage manifested in the Phlox is its increased self-supportability. "The on-board ammunition stowage stands at some 80 rounds. This means, there's no need for an ammunition truck. The deployment time is just 30 seconds. If its electrical systems fails, the crew can use a manual weapon direction system," the specialist elaborated.

The Russian scientific and production corporation Uralvagonzavod (UVZ, part of Rostec) presented its latest promising developments, including the self-propelled mortars Floks and Drok for the first time abroad at the international exhibition of weapons IDEX 2019, held in Abu Dhabi in February 2019. It is worth noting that the portfolio of self-propelled mortars presented by Russia at the IDEX 2019 exhibition is one of the most comprehensive, since it includes both 120-mm and 82-mm systems.

The sample of CJSC "Phlox" was demonstrated for the first time at the opening exhibition "Army-2016".

The developers note that these are not only the first complexes capable of hitting highly protected targets both at a distance of tens of kilometers and literally a few meters away from themselves, but also mobile combat systems that are virtually invulnerable to the enemy.

The transport base of the 120-mm self-propelled artillery gun (CAO) "Phlox" - army armored car "Ural-4320" with the wheel formula 6x6. "Placing the gun on the chassis of the truck is a completely new solution for the Russian army. In fact, this is a new class of weapons that can significantly increase the mobility of artillery units," said TASS Director General of the Petrel Research Institute Georgy Zakamennyh.

This Nizhny Novgorod Institute (as part of the UVZ) specializes in the creation of various high-performance artillery and mortar weapons, and here the newest self-propelled howitzer "Coalition-SV" was created, which should become the prototype of robotics in the Russian Land Forces. Now a whole "Flower" family of highly mobile artillery samples of the battalion link with different versions of the base chassis has appeared - all of them have been created as part of the Sketch design work.

As the candidate of military sciences Sergey Suvorov told TASS, the self-propelled gun created on the basis of the Ural machine began to be developed in 2015. However, the first 120-millimeter guns of the Petrel Research Institute were made on the basis of the Volk armored vehicle with a 6x6 wheeled chassis, said the expert. It was a modified swinging part of a 120-mm towed gun 2B16 "Nona-B".

The Phlox is the first domestic SAO of a similar caliber, created on the basis of the modernized Ural-4320 army vehicle with an armored frame-panel cabin. For the first time, the general public was presented at the Army 2016 forum. "This is a new generation artillery system. Due to the applied design solutions, the gun provides a reduced load on the chassis when fired, which allows it to be installed on automotive vehicles," George Zakamennykh, General Director of the Central Research Institute "Burevestnik", noted.

"The main feature of the new CAO is a combined semi-automatic rifled gun, which provides firing of all types of mortar mines and shells with ready-made grooves. A feature of this weapon is its multifunctionality - it can be used not only as a howitzer, mortar, but also to successfully shoot direct fire. Accuracy of shooting is provided by a special drive that restores the tip after each shot."

The military expert Suvorov also talks about this unique trick of Flox. "The gun can work as a mortar (that is, both the Vienna and Nona guns in service with our army, which can shoot both mortar mines and shells), and it also has special projectiles, that is, it is used as self-propelled gun, ammunition has cumulative projectiles. It can shoot at tanks, various artillery installations and armored personnel carriers. And since there are wheels, it can move quite quickly," he said.

The truck has an armored cab, including glass, which houses the artillery crew, as well as armored compartments for the transport of ammunition and placement of guidance and firing support equipment. This, according to the general director of "Burevestnik", ensures the security of the crew and ammunition when moving the car. The short time of the translation of the "Flox" from the marching to the combat position, as well as the absence of the need for special training of the firing position allows firing from short stops in motion.

For the first time in domestic practice, the SAO received a system for detecting laser irradiation and setting optical interference to protect against guided projectiles and anti-tank guided missiles. "As an additional weapon, a remote-controlled machine-gun module of 7.62 mm located on the cab roof is used," adds the general director of Burevestnik. A 120mm cannon can fire from a distance of 100 m to 10 km. The Floks ammunition is more than 80 shots, 28 of which are constantly ready for firing and are in operational layouts.

The rate and range of fire depend on the ammo being used. The howitzer can fire up to 10 mines per minute at a distance of 7.5km and heave 8 projectiles per minute at an enemy located 13km away. The Phlox can even conduct direct fire at some angles.

Apart from weapons, the self-propelled howitzer features:

  • an armored deck structure to ensure the safety of ammunition;
  • an autonomous power supply unit (which comes handy when the main engine is out of work);
  • an onboard navigation and orientation system;
  • a soft-kill system shielding the vehicle from high-precision threats.

The crew of four (commander, driver, gun layer and loader) are seated in an armored cabin able to withstand 7.62mm gunfire as well as shell fragments. The commander can operate the artillery piece from the cabin although he usually does it at the gun. The vehicle also has a remotely controlled 7.62mm machinegun.

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Page last modified: 27-02-2019 19:06:55 ZULU