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11430E Lamatin - CVN Intermediate - Nevskoye PKB - 85,000 tons

Anatoly Shlemov, the head of the Defense Procurement and Acquisition department of Russia's United Shipbuilding Corporation said that the St. Petersburg-based Nevskoe Design Bureau has been working on designs for a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier ordered by the Defense Ministry since 2007. The costs and timeframes have been set, he said, adding that the project has not gone ahead due to lack of funds allocated by Russia's defense procurement budget until 2017. Earlier, a Defense Ministry source told RIA Novosti that the government armament program does not provide for ordering an aircraft carrier by 2020, and the matter will not be decided until then.

Nevskoye Design Bureau Head Sergei Vlasov told Tass news agency the prospective aircraft carrier might cost from $1.8 billion to $5.63 billion at the current ruble/dollar exchange rate. Its development will take about ten years. However, there are no technical specifications for a ship of this class so far, Vlasov said. Nevertheless, aircraft carriers have been included in Russias shipbuilding program until 2050. The Nevskoye Design Bureau, which is Russias sole aircraft carrier designer, is carrying out preparatory works on this project.

At the Defense Ministrys request the Nevskoye Design Bureau proposed the image of the ship and its air wing and determined the list of research and development works and requirements for its future base. By 2015 the possibility had been confirmed in principle of building the aircraft at one of the corporations shipyards and determined the main sub-contractors, the cost of the project and delivery date.

The nuclear power generating facility for the propulsion system of Russias future aircraft carrier will be worked out on the Lider (Leader) class destroyer, a shipbuilding industry source told TASS on 02 July 2015. "At first, the nuclear power unit for the future national aircraft carrier will be worked out on the Lider destroyer," he said at the International Maritime Defence Show (IMDS-2015). The Navy has said that a prospective aircraft carrier will be built no earlier than in 2030. As for the Leader destroyer, its construction could begin in 2019.

Russias future nuclear carrier will have to be equipped with a nuclear power plant, a spokesman for the United Shipbuilding Corporation told TASS 10 August 2015. "The project of a future Russian aircraft carrier, or as it is sometimes referred to as naval aircraft carrying complex, is in the design phase. Research conducted by the Nevskoye Design Bureau indicates that the sole way of meeting the Navys requirements, such as power generation, sea endurance and voyage range is to equip the ship with a nuclear power plant," the source said.

Respected Russian defense analyst Konstantin Sivkov argued in May 2016 that "the tasks which the battlegroups of the Russian Navy must resolve, in both peacetime and in wartime, go far beyond the reach of our shore-based fighter jets and bombers. An analysis of the Navy's tasks and the conditions for their implementation indicates that it will not be able to effectively solve the problems assigned to it in distant sea and ocean areas if its groupings do not include at least one carrier. ... the Russian aircraft carrier air group must be sufficiently numerous. For the full range of tasks within it will be necessary to have at least 40-60 aircraft, able to solve problems on struggle with surface and ground targets and fight against enemy aircraft, including cruise missiles. In addition to them, a part of air group must be from 4 to 8 AWACS aircraft, electronic warfare aircraft 2-4 and 2-4 reconnaissance aircraft, as well as at least 12 anti-submarine helicopters and two search and rescue. Total - from 70 to 90 aircraft. That is, it must be a carrier of a large class, full displacement of 75-85,000 tons, possibly with a nuclear power plant."

At the same time, Sivkov indicated that in a battle under the oceans, "control of an area's underwater environment, the timely detection of enemy submarines and their destruction using short-range missiles and torpedoes would require the deployment of a minimum of between two and four [ASW] helicopters. Ensuring this would require at least 12 helicopters in the carrier's air group in total."

A prospective aircraft carrier of the Russian Navy will have a displacement of at least 70 thousand tons, but its technical project is not yet ready, Deputy naval commander of the Russian Navy on armament Vice-Admiral Viktor Bursuk told journalists 25 April 2018. "The fleet believes that lightweight aircraft carriers should not be built for the Russian Federation from the point of view of the economic" price-quality ratio. "It is preferable to build aircraft carriers with a displacement of about 70 thousand tons, which allow carrying more aircraft on board," he said. Bursuk added that "the technical specifications and the design of [such a ship] have not yet been developed, during the creation of the technical design it will be determined what is needed," but "it is already clear that its displacement will be about 70 thousand tons."

Previously the Russian Navy stated that the Russian fleet expected to receive a promising aircraft carrier with an atomic power plant by the end of 2030. Earlier, Deputy Defense Minister Yury Borisov reported that the contract for the construction of an aircraft carrier could be signed by the end of 2025. The Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation Denis Manturov informed that the sketch design of the aircraft carrying ship has already been created and submitted to the Ministry of Defense of Russia.

The Russian Navy has already launched work on the creation of a nuclear power plant for a new-generation aircraft carrier and is working on creating a project for such a ship. This was announced on 24 August 2018 on the air of the television channel Zvezda by the head of the shipbuilding department of the Russian Navy Rear Admiral Vladimir Tryapichnikov. "It's a very complex issue, and it's really being worked out today by the design bureaus of the United Shipbuilding Corporation and is being worked out by shipbuilding plants, because to create such a ship, we need capacities," he said, answering the question whether an aircraft carrier with a nuclear power plant is needed.

Also work on this subject is carried out by the scientific research institutes of the Navy. "Today the engine has been launched [research on its creation has been launched], and today we are working on this topic and in the near future some kind of concept will be approved." Yes, it is expensive, but this ship should take place," stressed Tryapichnikov. The representative of the Russian Navy said that such an aircraft carrier of a new generation "should be modern, fulfill its respective tasks." "In the near future such a decision will be made," the admiral summed up.

In the combat composition of the Russian Navy, there is the only non-nuclear medium-sized aircraft carrier, Admiral Kuznetsov (according to the Russian classification, a heavy aircraft carrying cruiser). As stated earlier in the Navy, the Russian fleet expects to receive a prospective aircraft carrier with an atomic power plant by the end of 2030, its displacement should be at least 70 thousand tons. The only scientific organization - the Nevsky Design Bureau - is engaged in designing aircraft carriers in Russia.

In 2018 it became known that the United Shipbuilding Corporation intends to transfer several options to the Ministry of Defense of how the Russian aircraft carrier of the future could be. And even earlier, while holding the post of first deputy chairman of the Defense and Security Committee of the Federation Council, Franz Klintsevich said that Russia plans to lay down six new aircraft carriers.

On July 10, TASS reported that the Nevsky Design Bureau, which is part of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC), showed a model of the prospective aircraft carrier project 11430E Lamantin. The presentation took place as part of the St. Petersburg International Naval Salon. According to the stand of the Nevsky Bureau itself, the displacement of an aircraft carrier will be 80-90 thousand tons, and the maximum length will be 350 meters. Autonomy will be approximately 120 days, full speed - about 30 knots. The crew of the aircraft carrier - 2800 people, the air group will include 800 people. The service life of the ship will be over 50 years.

The aircraft carrier will receive a springboard, two electromagnetic catapults and four aerofinisher. The total number of aircraft that will be based on its board will exceed fifty: now they are talking about 60 planes and helicopters, but this figure may change. However, as many other expected characteristics may change as the ship develops. It is important to note that as part of the ships air group they plan to place airborne radio detection and guidance systems. A significant plus to combat capabilities, especially against the background of "Admiral Kuznetsov."

ManateeThe manatee is a large, slow-moving air-breathing marine mammal with an elongated, round body and paddle-shaped flippers and tail. Due to their eating habits, manatees are nicknamed sea cows because they eat seagrasses and other aquatic plants in freshwater and estuarine systems. Eating up to 150 pounds of plants each day, manatees typically weigh between 800 and 1,200 pounds and reach about 10 feet in length. They can reach lengths of over 14 feet and weights of over 3,000 pounds. Manatees are typically greyish brown in color. They have sparse hairs spread across their bodies, with bristles about the muzzle. Manatees live in marine, brackish, and freshwater systems in coastal and riverine areas throughout their range. Manatees surface for air about once every five minutes, but can remain submerged as long as twenty minutes when they are resting.

Preferred habitats include areas near the shore featuring underwater vegetation like seagrass and eelgrass. They feed along grass bed margins with access to deep water channels, where they flee when threatened. Due to their slow speed and relatively high buoyancy, manatees are often struck by vessels, which is the primary cause of human-related deaths of the species. Additionally, manatees continue to be threatened by loss of warm-water habitat and periodic die-offs from red tides and unusually cold weather events. Manatees are more closely related to the elephant than they are to other marine creatures. Each species of manatee is a member of the sirenius family, which shares a common ancestor with the elephant, aardvark and small gopher-like hyrax.

The cow-like creatures are thought to have inspired mermaid legends. During his first journey to the Americas, Christopher Columbus caught a glimpse of three mermaids, writing that they are not so beautiful as they are said to be, for their faces had some masculine traits. While some claim the West Indian manatee is ugly, with "a face only a mother could love," most people are drawn to this marine creature, describing it as homely and having the appeal of a plump grandmother with flippers like oven mitts, outstretched as if inviting a hug. Manatees may not win the gold in a beauty contest, but they definitely take the prize for popularity. Whether its their sad, puppy-like demeanor or their sluggish, gentle manner, something about manatees is awfully endearing.

Despite possible changes, the overall concept is generally clear. The ship will be smaller than the latest American aircraft carrier of the Gerald R. Ford type, the displacement of which, recall, is approximately 100 thousand tons. However, significantly more than the heavy aircraft carrier cruiser Admiral Kuznetsov and the only French aircraft carrier currently in operation, Charles de Gaulle. Its displacement is modest 42,000 tons, and the aviation group includes a total of up to 40 aircraft and helicopters. About the same amount is carried by the newest British aircraft carrier such as Queen Elizabeth, but do not forget that, unlike the Kuznetsov and Charles de Gaulle, the latest fifth-generation F-35B inconspicuous fighters are based on its board. Despite a very limited combat radius, this is a good argument in any naval dispute.

The official description of the "Manatee" is very restrained and could come up with a description of any aircraft carrier at all. "Aircraft carrier" Lamantin "is designed to provide basing and combat use of an air group, including naval aircraft of various types, capable of using weapons and weapons against air, sea (submarine and surface) forces, as well as ground forces and ground targets of the enemy in the ocean, marine and coastal zones, as well as to ensure the combat stability of naval naval groups and to cover naval landing forces and its landing forces from attacks and attacks of enemy air attack means, The presentation says.

So what exactly can a new ship be? Strange as it may seem, one concrete clear answer can be given to this question - a direct analogue of the Ulyanovsk heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser, which was dismantled on a slipway in 1992. And which was supposed to be the first "real" Soviet aircraft carrier. Recall that the new ship of project 1143.7 was supposed to get what the previous Soviet aircraft carrying so lacked: a launch catapult. They wanted to equip it with two Mayak steam catapults, which would allow, for example, to raise AWACS planes. And the total number of Su-33 fighters on Ulyanovsk was to be 60 units. About as much as the American Nimitz carried: in his case, however, it was the more multi-functional F-14 and F-18.

in the case of the project 11430E, Lamantin limited themselves to models of Su-33 and MiG-29K fighters. This is despite the fact that the Su-33 is no longer produced, and the machines in operation survive their life. In a word, the Soviet legacy here also made itself felt, which strengthened ties with Ulyanovsk even more.

However, ordinary lovers of marine technology may be grateful that they at least showed it. According to the glorious tradition of the post-Soviet military-industrial complex, everything could be limited to a couple of mean statements by officials and reports from leading media outlets about having no analogues in the world.

In general, Manatee can be seen as a response to the new defense industry. When the country has to count money with tripled strength and the implementation of new military "superprojects" should not be expected. That is, the aircraft carrier of the project 11430E became a kind of trimmed "Storm": in fact, a return to the Soviet traditions of shipbuilding. In this sense, perhaps, he has more chances for at least some implementation than earlier projects. Simply put, in the future, the fleet may receive a kind of "Kuznetsov 2.0". Not the most powerful aircraft carrier, but its not strange that its not clear, but a fully operational ship, which can be reliably assigned to a certain class.

The main feature of the aircraft carrier "Manatee" is the speed of its manufacture - the tried and tested technical solutions are used in the design of the ship. "The project is a further development of the line of ships created in the Soviet Union. There are no technical risks, everything can be designed and built as soon as possible, said Alexey Yukhnin, deputy general director for shipbuilding of the Nevsky Design Bureau, to FlotProm . He noted that many years of use of the enterprise in the construction of aircraft-carrying ships were used in the development.

The hull and flight deck of the 85,000 ton 11430E Lamatin are the same as the unfinished 80,000 ton Project 1443.7 Ulyanovsk, laid down in in 1988. the very large island has been replaced by a very small island, but otherwise there seem to be no changes. Evil tongues say that on the old model from the bins of Nevsky PKO, the model of the project 11430E Lamantin at the 2019 International Naval Salon simply changed the superstructure and part of the aircraft on the deck.

As an advantage of his project, A.V. Yukhnin , Deputy General Director of the Nevsky Design Bureau, said that the project is based on the aircraft carrier of project 1143.7 Ulyanovsk, the same one that was dismantled on the slipways of the Black Sea plant after the collapse of the USSR. The advantage of this approach is the absence of technical risks in the design and the short deadlines for order completion.

The Commander-in-Chief of the Navy, Admiral Nikolai Evmenov , who examined the Lamantina model presented at the International Naval Salon 2019, spoke very carefully: Of course, there will be a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, but not in the near future . At the same time, the fleet will issue technical specifications for the design of an aircraft carrier not earlier than 2023. Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov, who oversaw the defense industry, did not inspect the Lamantina model.

The technical documentation for the Ulyanovsk aircraft carrier developed in the USSR and the unfinished heavy nuclear carrier will be used to create the first Russian aircraft carrier. This was reported 13 January 2020 by TASS from two sources in the shipbuilding industry. "The technical design, as well as the documentation on which the construction of Ulyanovsk was carried out at the Black Sea Shipbuilding Plant in Nikolaev in the late 80s and early 90s of the last century, will be used to create a new aircraft carrier," said one of the agencys interlocutors. He also said that the experience of the practical operation of the aircraft carrier cruiser "Admiral Kuznetsov" in particular its combat use in Syria will be taken into account.

At the same time, the source noted that the Navy has not yet issued a tactical and technical task (TTZ) for a new aircraft carrier. "The Navy continues to work on the TTZ, it should be completed in 2020, after which the design assignment will go to the United Shipbuilding Corporation," the source said.

Another source in the industry confirmed that "when developing a new aircraft carrier, you can use the working design documentation for the Ulyanovsk hull, as well as its general ship systems." According to the interlocutor, "while research work on the ship has not begun, the Nevsky Design Bureau is conducting individual work on its own initiative."

The Russian Navy previously stated that they plan to get an aircraft carrier with a nuclear power plant by the end of 2030. The Ministry of Defense, in turn, noted that the contract for the construction of an aircraft carrier could be signed by the end of 2025. Now the Russian fleet has one medium-sized non-nuclear aircraft carrier - the heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser Admiral Kuznetsov (launched in Nikolaev in 1985, currently undergoing renovation and modernization).

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11430E Lamatin - CVN Intermediate - Nevskoye PKB - 85,000 tons 11430E Lamatin - CVN Intermediate - Nevskoye PKB - 85,000 tons

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Page last modified: 16-01-2020 13:31:19 ZULU