Find a Security Clearance Job!

Military


BTR-T [BMP-4]

The "BMP-4" designator [BMP = Boyevaya Mashina Pyekhota - Infantry Fighting Vehicle] is ambiguous, which may reflect un-official rather than official status of the term. Some sources apply the term to the BTR-T = Bronyetransporter-Tyazhelyy - Armored Transporter -Heavy], a modified T-55 chassis with a similar turret to the BTR-80A. Other sources apply the designator to the BMP-3M "Dragoon", a deep modernizatin of the BMP-3. The BTR-T configuration is based on lessons learned in Chechnya, where very heavy losses were inflicted on thin-skinned BMPs and BTRs. In response, this heavy, more survivable APC was designed for improved service in city fighting for possible use by specialized formations trained for urban warfare. It is unclear if the BTR-T will be produced for the Russian Army or for export only. This vehicle, which is too slow to keep pace with modern tanks, is unsuitabile for maneuver warfare though it might find applications in mountainous regions.

Russia's recent combat experience, particularly in local conflicts such as Chechnya, has dramatically revealed the need for increased protection of mechanized infantry from modern weapon systems. Federal units suffered horren dous armored fighting vehicle losses in the first battle of Grozny (December 1994 to March 1995), although these can be attributed as much to leadership and logistics than to materiel shortcomings. While better equipment carrier will seldom if ever substitute for good training and tactics, the legacy Russian armored personnel carriers (BTR-80, BRDM, BMD, BMP-2, and MMT-LB) had long been considered underarmored. Applique armor for the BMP-2 appeared in the last years of the Afghanistan War, and the survivability upgrades built into the BMP-3 reflect those experiences of the 1980s. More recently, while implementing a "maximum protection" concept, the Design Bureau of Transport Machine Building (in cooperation with the Transport Machine-Building Plant, a state-run production association) developed and manufactured a prototype of the BTR-T heavy armored personnel carrier based on the T-55 main battle tank (MBT). Since the remaining T-55s (an estimated 100,000 were manufactured) were at the end of their life span as effective MBTs, those still in Russia's armed forces inventory have been discarded. Furthermore, a substantial number were delivered to many countries as part of military aid packages. This led the plant to choose the T-55 chassis as the most likely bed for a heavy assault carrier. According to a 1996 article by Steven Zaloga in Jane's, St. Petersburg's Kirov plant had already proposed a heavy infantry tank vehicle based on T-80 tank components. But such a vehicle would tern, improved mine protection, and built-in explosive reactive armor (ERA) protection systems. The modular concept of combat compartments allow manufacturers to equip the BTR-T with various armament systems (including NA TO stan dard) to meet the customer's requirements. Conceivably, this could also include Tula's KBP (Instrument Industry Design Bureau) one-man Kliver turret, designed for the BTR-60/70/80; a 30mm 2A72 automatic cannon with AT-13 Kornet ATGM. The Komet can be armed with fuel-air explosive war heads, giving it an artillery-like capability against soft targets. Factory offerings included the following:
    30mm 2A42 automatic cannon and Konkurs AT-5 ATGM. 30mm 2A42 automatic gun and 30mm AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher. 2A3 8 twin-barrel gun. 12.7mm NSV AA HMG and Konkurs AT-5 ATGM. 12.7mm NSV AA HMG and 30mm AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher. The plant claimed that, by implementing the engineering concepts already incorporated into the BTR-T, it is possible to build heavy assault vehicles on the chassis of any outdated Russian or foreign-made tank. Operational precedence already existed (with the Israeli Army) and a potential worldwide market. Using tanks as assault squad carriers is not a new idea. The British fielded the Mk V, a troop-carrying version of the rhomboid tank they used late in World War I. This was followed by the Canadian Kangaroo (a turretless Sherman variant) during World War II. More recently, the Israelis had the Centurion-based Nagmashot and T-55-based Achzarit heavy assault carriers in service (and the Merkava MBT can carry troops as well). The Achzarit - developed after the Israeli Defense Force's experience and dissatisfaction with the US Ml13 armored personnel carrier's performance in Lebanon - was initially used in the Golani infantry brigade and two reserve infantry brigades. India's huge fleets of Vicar's Vijayanta and T-55 MBTs are approaching the end of their life span, while their T-72 fleet is being updated (India's current tracked infantry fighting vehicle is the BMP-2). Furthermore, in a concession to a growing desire by purchasers to include transfer of technology in any arms deal, the Russian plant stated that they can convert obsolete tanks into BTR-T heavy armored personnel carriers using the customer's production facilities with be more expensive than something based on an outdated hull. The BTR-T's most distinguishing feature is its low-silhouette turret, mounting a modern gun-missile weapon system: the 30mm automatic gun (as found on the BMP-2) and Konkurs AT-5 antitank guided missile (ATGM) (NATO Spandrel). This combination can defeat lightly armored ground and air targets as well as heavily armored ground targets. Reconfiguring the crew compartment created enough room in the hull to ac commodate a commander, a driver, and five assault troops. Along with modern nuclear, biological, chemical (NBC) and environmental controls, the vehi cle's survivability is dramatically in creased due to the installation of an integral smoke screen generating sys- components delivered from Russia. Where do heavy assault carriers fit into the 21st Century battlefield mix? Are they practical, given all the expense and effort? At first glance, the idea appears sound-fleets of obsolete tanks inexpensively converted into hardened personnel carriers, which also happen to have better mine resistance than current APCs. Furthermore, Russian Kontact 5 ERA is rumored to offer protection against 105mm sabot rounds, still the prevailing MBT main gun in western tank fleets. According to Russian literature, the BTR-T is designed to transport mecha nized infantry subunits into NBC contaminated environments under heavy fire and defeat hostile targets. Although the advantages of thicker ar mor are obvious, it is interesting to note the emphasis that Russian designers continue to place on operating in an NBC environment. One possible tacti cal configuration for the heavy assault carrier is a close security platoon for MBT companies. One drawback of this concept is that the use of obsolete tanks requires units to maintain a stock of parts significantly different from those required for MBTs. Another is that the BTR-T squad would have to dismount "over the top" as with the old Soviet BTR-152s or -50s. Although the lack of firing ports would seem to be another shortcoming, a squad should be dismounted during urban assaults (not hiding in their APCs, as the Russian troops did during the 1994 New Year's Eve assault on Grozny). A stabilized turret-mounted weapon system with a fire control sys tem is far more effective than several troops bouncing around, wasting am munition. (The BTR-T's limit of 200 rounds of 30mm is another shortcom ing, as is the absence of a 7.62mm co axial machinegun. If the small turret would be overloaded with a general purpose machinegun, then an auxiliary remote-control turret, like those found on the Marder or even the LeClerc, would be useful.) Another questionable point is whether a heavy assault carrier based on an outdated tank chassis can maintain the same cross-country pace as a pre mium MBT. Beyond the horsepower to weight ratio, the older suspension sys tems may not give an acceptable ride at higher speeds. One option would be to fit something similar to Continental Teledyne's hydropneumatic suspension systems in place of the torsion bars, which would increase the price and complexity of this conversion. Whatever the costs, modifications, and capabilities of such recycled tank chassis, their availability and the de grees of interest in them highlight their potential as improved armored person nel transport. U.S. forces must continue to remain informed and alert to the ap pearance of such vehicles in the con flicts of the next century.
  • The BTR-T: New Use for Old Tank Hulls. Adam Geibel, INFANTRY May-August 2000
  • WEIGHT CREW TROOPS ARMAMENT Automatic gun: Type Ammunition load ATGM: Type Ammunition load BTRT BASIC CHARACTERISTICS 38.5 metric tons 2 . 5 30mm 2A42 200 rounds "Konkurs'' 135mm 3 rounds 902 smoke grenade launchers PROTECTION: Built-in ERA MOBILITY Max speed Road endurance Negotiated obstacles: gradients and slopes side-slope vertical obstacles ditch, meters fording depth, w/o preparation w/OPV snorkel tube 12 600mm equivalent @ 30 T-55 frontglaeis RHA 90mm @ 60 50 km/h 500 km 32 30 .8 meters 2.7 meters 1.4meters 5 meters
    Specifications
    Speed 60/25
    Armor 22r/6r
    Night Vision A or T
    Armament 2A42 30mm AC (12), Konkurs (AT-5) ATGM, LMG; Stands: 1
    Infa: In 1987 year on weaponry the USSR was adopted military machine Representative BMP-3. On moment decision-on weaponry machine on head grant all the rest machines his class. However fully replace Ideology umtarevayuschie BMP-1 and BMP-2 it turned out impossible from-for economic problems - collapsed the USSR and in 1994 from supply BMP-3 in army officially refused. Until 2012 its periodically continued purchase the small parties, in ties with than have accumulated about 700 boesposobnykh machines Representative, what increasingly same race, and because and earlier the BMP not have replaced terminally. However in 2013 machine founding already 26 years, and this is signaling that and Western tankosroiteli already almost we made it until its level, and therefore already need something even more new. JSC Kurganmashzavod, on which and through a Russian BMP-3, created a new diversification of machines. Initially she named the BMP-3M, however soon turns out she so surpasses on TTKh simple the BMP-3, that has full right called the BMP-4, in that it and was renamed. Mass in army she until not went, but Secretary of Defense trades abroad Sergei Shoigu intends to replace precisely this machine all earlier the BMP. That same such a in the BMP-4? Ahs start with weaponry - it hike. If most NATO category: Infantry fighting vehicles (type MCV-80 Vorrior, or M-2A1 Bradley) have automatic its (caliber 25-20mm) and one 7,62mm machine gun, then BMP-4 bears on itself 100mm its 2A70 (which under shoot.Shooting special ships 9K116-1 Bastion Arcanum Club allow to infect most tanks NATO the first it enters the with 5500 meters. But on case if the first from falling tank not overkill - breech gun - 15 shots in minute. Incidentally so same 2A70 can now is to shoot and high-piece, allowing crush those who are enables easy technique, aggregations Representative and even quite downturns strengthen), 20mm automatic its 2A72 with fire rate 330 shots in the minute with dvukhlentochnym nutrition (i.e. directly during called the shots pushing Abenomics one button can be force weapons to move with high-explosive, on carried,). So same to these tests, there are special carried, of munitions Kerner that allow and men, in the stern most tanks NATO. But in a whole gun is designed to struggle with light Armoured fighting vehicle classification adversary, particularly resistant by infantry, and so same by helicopter or maloskorostnymi by airplanes. Ah and average of gravity shelter can casualties. 20mm the automatic uses Ags-30, which ultimately was replaced by on 40mm the automatic uses Ags-40 Balkans - with fire rate 400-500 shots in the minute. Covers up on covered splinter flash grenades. Extremely effective for battlefield with by infantry and engage manpower technique, and so same with lungs completely, Two Kornet and two their 2008 that can be are located on the sides towers - the first for try tanks, second for called the shots on the helos and aircraft. Three 7,62kh54mm barred PKT. One "Thousand with Hochkiss and even two in zygomatic, forehead corps. All designed to battlefield with by infantry and engage manpower technique. On arm the BMP-4 surpasses all their the researchers from other countries, with extremely significantly surpasses. But not one arms strong. True even have the BMP-4, too, let-was. And according to and so utolschyonnogo corps from the BMP-3 (who-on holds 20mm drone strikes), the BMP-4 got shut down, Ange even and large number of Manchzhuria screens sbokov and sizadi, which who make 12,7mm bullets. On the upper hand them - rubber-fabric cloths screens and dynamic protection. But even this is even not everything - on the BMP-4 set installations aktivnoza protection window shade tugging and ARENA party-E.E. Such complex mocks in Cruz the BMP all displacement facilities size of roughly with round and on high speed (i.e. on soldiers, or on birds it not reacts). So same it not raegiruet on objects otletayuschie from the BMP - i.e. their drone strikes. And here is if in category: Infantry fighting vehicles traveled rocket enemy anti-tank guided missile, then active protection notice its and rejects from appreciation in the sky. If same ships very well protected from obstacles--the, or same at all not is manageable (as reactive pomegranate from RPG), it will hit by not large special charge of, otstrelivaemym from a special ustrostva around towers and until category: Infantry fighting vehicles, too, not reaches Earth. And all of this is happening for 0.07 of seconds! So same compared with the BMP-3 were improved implements surveillance and put more a powerful engine UTD-32T of a 660 innovative, forces. Here is and Lies again the best machine in his range. Interestingly that under the entire this she even and less weighs than foreign the researchers and less is worth. Skloubeni mass in 26s. Crew: 3 human Large: 9 man The length of the on body: 6700mm Width: 3300mm High: 2450mm Weight: 19,000 kg Current rut: 2550mm Hood: 510mm Booking: Aluminum katanaya raznesyonnaya with behind steel screens - from 13 until 60mm, additional armoring screens, homework Cactus, KOEP window shade tugging-1, AFC Asian Cup ARENA party-deemed Weaponry: 100mm gun-rocket fixation 2A70, 20mm automatic gun 2A72, 40mm the automatic uses Ags-40 Balkans, three 7,62mm barred PKT Renamed: 40 shots to 100 mm these tests,, 8 ships to 100mm these tests,, 500 shots to 20mm these tests,, 300 hand to granatomyotu, 6,000 patrons to pulemyotam. Capacity engine: 660 affairs S. Maximal the speed: 80 kilometers\ untangle on dryer, 12km away\ untangle on water Stockpile of course on fuels: 600 km. Preodalevaemoe a handicap: 0.8 Dam Coping moat led: 2,72 Dam The pictures: On connectivity walking many pictures with signature 2BMP-4 ", however most often on them it turns out or the BMP-3, or BMD-4, or at all something type moreover (and perhaps even itself the BMP-4), but with such a angle, that nothing not [Chuckles]You. On this the only more-less the right photograph in the early themes. For something broad public BMP-4 the planned show already on parade Great Victory 9 on May 2014. Skloubeni. http://oruzheika.mybb.ru/viewtopic.php?id=135 http://www.kurganmash.ru/machines/bmp2/fire_power/ ? ? Sign up ? Sign in g a d b f e ? > IN , Armoured The first demonstration of the upgraded BMP-3M "Dragoon" ? September 11, 2015 Having a lot of positive features, infantry fighting vehicle BMP-3 was not able to avoid criticism. One of the main reasons for the claims considered specific arrangement housing, complicating some processes during combat operation. Unlike previous Russian infantry fighting vehicles, "Three" is the stern engine-transmission compartment. For this reason, a landing located in the middle of the chassis, and two seats are for men in the control unit. Because of this landing had to leave the vehicle through special tunnels over the engine compartment and roof hatches, which was the reason for the claim. It is known that at least in one case such claims almost reached a new project. Several years ago, the armed forces of the United Arab Emirates, has several hundreds of BMP-3, considered the option of rearranging this technique in order to transfer the engine and transmission to the front of the housing. Develop a new project was one of the German defense companies. However, when the work ended at the stage of studying the prospects and the overall appearance of the prospective study of the modification of Russian equipment. The first demonstration of the upgraded BMP-3M "Dragoon" At the ongoing exhibition in Nizhny Tagil, Russia Arms Expo 2015 Concern "Tractor Plants" presented a new modification of the BMP-3, differs from the basic version of the location of the power plant. Seeing the needs of some of the armies of the world, Russian designers have decided to develop an updated version of armored vehicles, featuring a layout. In order to improve the combat effectiveness was proposed to use the classic layout for modern armored vehicles with a front engine compartment and the troop compartment at the rear. The new project of recycled infantry fighting vehicle called "Dragoon". As a basis for this machine BMP-3M was taken, which is a further development of the base, "Troika." Project "Dragoon" meant a major change units disposed within the housing, in addition, it was suggested that a new combat unit. Thus, BMP-3M "Dragoon" is a deep modernization of the basic machine. Moreover, some design features make it possible to consider it a new development, created using previous developments on the BMP-3. The first demonstration of the upgraded BMP-3M "Dragoon" In contrast to the base of the machine, "Dragoon" is a classic for the modern infantry fighting vehicles and armored personnel layout. In front of the enclosure now houses the engine-transmission compartment to the engine and other units. The basis of the power plant, according to promotional materials, is a multi-fuel engine UTD-32 capacity of 816 hp With the engine involves manual transmission, which transmits torque to the front drive wheels. Directly behind the engine compartment is the control room. Due to the use of new weapons and the need to create a reserve for the modernization, it was decided to place the entire crew of a combat vehicle, consisting of three persons, side by side, shoulder to shoulder. Behind the engine is the driver (in the center), commander and gunner arms (on the sides). Their workplaces are equipped with all the necessary equipment to monitor the situation, the machine control and the use of weapons. All three crew members have their own hatches in the roof of the enclosure, equipped with periscope observation devices. In the case of the driver periscopes are the main way to keep track of the road. The first demonstration of the upgraded BMP-3M "Dragoon" At the base of the BMP-3 on either side of the driver are located places for the two paratroopers who could not fit into the main troop compartment. In the body of the machine, "Dragoon", this part of the habitable volume given to the crew. Two paratroopers, in turn, is now proposed to carry on the seats located behind the driver's compartment, in front of the turret and combat compartment. The middle part of the body is given an upgraded machine for the combat unit. According to promotional materials, presented at the exhibition, the BMP-3M "Dragoon" can be equipped with three types of military units, each of which has its own armament and different from other configuration turret assemblies. In the case of the sample is now exhibited by the crew compartment units disposed inside the machine body, placed in a rectangular enclosure. On the sides of the housing remain small passages that can be used airborne troops located on the front seats. The first demonstration of the upgraded BMP-3M "Dragoon" Operating crew seats. In the foreground, the control post The entire rear of the hull, located behind the turret, is given under the placement of troops. Dimensions of this department have established six seats, three from each side. The seats are attached to the sides, the soldiers have to sit facing each other. Access to the troop compartment is carried out by means of the stern ramp. In the aft hull plates provides a large door with the lowered ramp. This unit allows you to plant both fighters during a stop, and in motion at low speed. An important feature of the new layout of the troop compartment is the fact that when dismounting fighters hide behind his armored body. In addition, the side of protecting the special armored box, which houses some of the units of the machine. Chassis upgraded BMP-3M has undergone some changes directly related to the housing arrangement processing. The vehicle still has six road wheels on each side. Rollers have individual torsion bar suspension. In addition, two front and one aft pair of rollers equipped with additional shock absorbers. For proper load distribution on the chassis of the new machine support rollers arranged irregularly. Thus, the third, fourth and fifth pairs of rollers are offset from each other, because of which the increased gap between the second and third as well as the last two pairs. In connection with the transfer of the engine driven wheels is now located in front of the housing, the guide - in the feed. On the composition of components and assemblies used in the chassis to upgrade the machine, apparently, it is unified with the base, "Troika." The first demonstration of the upgraded BMP-3M "Dragoon" Despite major improvements and rebuild the machine "Dragoon" has roughly the same dimensions as the base of the BMP-3M. Chassis length 6715 mm, width on the wings - 3.4 m (3.15 m for the tracks). The maximum height of the roof of the tower (probably meant the most overall combat module) - 2570 mm. Full combat weight of the new chassis, excluding the tower with weapons, is 15.5 Net crew cars -. Three. In the configuration of the chassis of infantry combat vehicle can carry eight soldiers with weapons: two crew and six behind in the feed. UTD-32 engine power of 816 hp should provide new combat vehicle, and a high power density, as a result, good mobility, regardless of the kind of the combat unit. Thus, the average speed on the motorway is declared at 60 km / h. If necessary, the machine will be able to cross water obstacles swimming, moving with the help of water jets. The maximum speed on the water does not exceed 10 km / h. Declared reserve of fuel on the highway - 600 km. On the water "Dragoon" be able to move in within 7 hours. The exhibition Russia Arms Expo 2015 is a sample of the BMP-3M "Dragoon" with remotely controlled gun and machine gun weapon station. In promotional materials, this system is referred to as BM 100 + 30. This combat unit represents the characteristic shape of a tower with chamfered frontal plates, which established a complete set of weapons. The module has a turret devices: part of its units is located inside the base of the machine housing, in a rectangular enclosure. Dimensions of the housing allowed to keep small passages at the sides of the machine to be used by paratroopers. The first demonstration of the upgraded BMP-3M "Dragoon" Combat module BM 100 + 30 is equipped with a tool-launcher 2A70 100 mm caliber. With this instrument paired 30-mm automatic cannon 2A72. Finally, to engage manpower and unprotected purposes combat module carries PKTM machine gun 7.62 mm. Putting all barrel systems implemented using shared drives. Armament is equipped with a stabilizer. On the left cheek and on the turret roof module are two sight-related control panels commander and gunner. On the right cheekbone tower mounted smoke grenade. Dimensions tower and turret units of the module allow to transport large enough ammunition. The automatic loader for the gun-launcher 2A70 located 22 shots and 3 guided missiles. Ammunition 2A72 automatic cannon consists of 500 shells. Perhaps the use of armor-piercing tracer, tracer fragmentation and high-explosive-incendiary rounds. According to promotional materials developer standard ammunition 2A72 gun consists of 305 fragmentation and 195 armor-piercing shells. The boxes for the machine gun placed to 2,000 cartridges. It is noteworthy that at the exhibition combat module composition weapons is no different from the native BMP-3 turret. However, in contrast, the new module is equipped with a remote uninhabited and control systems. Thus, it combat characteristics hardly differs from the base of the tower, but it has the advantage of a smaller and reduce the risk to the crew, which is now protected by the hull of the machine. The first demonstration of the upgraded BMP-3M "Dragoon" Options weapons "Dragoon" BMP-3M "Dragoon" has a standard diameter of the ring, which allows to equip this vehicle combat other types of modules. So, on a poster with information about the project indicated the possibility of using modules BM 57 and BM 57 BM 125 system is also known as SU-220M. This module with a 57-mm automatic cannon was first introduced at the beginning of this year, and at the current exhibition Russia Arms Expo demonstrated as part of the combat vehicle BMP-3 "Derivation". The product is offered BM 125 equipped with a 125-mm smoothbore tank gun. Thus, a new chassis based on the "Troika" can be the basis for infantry fighting vehicles, and for light tanks and specialized self-propelled guns. According to local media, a prototype of the BMP-3M "Dragoon" will have to pass all the tests. In this case there are grounds for speculation about the imminent start of series production of such equipment. News agency "to Lenta.ru", citing an unnamed source in the Defense Ministry says that "Dragoon" has an interest in the Ministry of Defence. Specific forms of such interest, however, is not specified. Any conclusions about the prospects of a new technology can be made only after completion of the test. Officially, infantry fighting vehicle, created in the "Dragoons" project, considered to be an upgraded version of the serial BMP-3M. However, the main features of the project suggest the creation of a completely new vehicle design that is widely used by the existing components and assemblies. One way or another, "Dragoon" project is of great interest from a technical point of view, so that may have great potential in the international arms market and military equipment. The first demonstration of the upgraded BMP-3M "Dragoon" Currently, infantry fighting vehicles BMP-3 existing modifications are made in foreign countries, 11 weapons. The appearance of the modified layout modification may result in an increase in the list. In addition, the country is already exploiting the "Troika", may be interested in and to the "Dragoons", which will contribute to a high degree of unification of the two machines. Thus, the project of modernization of the existing BMP-3M in the next few years may become one of the most interesting and promising Russian proposals on the international arms market and military equipment. However, the first modernized BMP must pass the full test cycle. Check the updated vehicle will start in the foreseeable future and will take some time. According to their results, the Russian Ministry will have to draw certain conclusions. In addition, the completion of the test will allow to introduce a new vehicle to potential customers from foreign countries. Thus, the mass production of "Dragoon" - if it starts - starts in just a few years. While it remains to study the submissions and build their assumptions about the future of an interesting project. https://www.snariad.ru/armor/???-4/



    NEWSLETTER
    Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list