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Bartini - Post War

Of the 60 aircraft Bartini designed, only a few were built. The ideas Bartini too ahead of their time. Back in the early 1940s Bartini developed a jet aircraft. It was supposed to fly at a speed of 2400 kilometers per hour. "That can not be" said the Soviet aircraft designers.

Somehow after the war, the leadership of Minaviaprom wasdiscussing a complex technical issue. They argued until the famous Alexander Sergeevich Yakovlev took the floor: "What, are we here to make noise? We have Bartini, and we'll put the problem on him! If he does not solve it, then it's fundamentally irresolvable ... "

Bartini was sent to Taganrog in 1946. There, on the territory of the Dimitrov factory was located a "sharaga" called OKB-86. Away from the shops, the hangar was equipped with a design office, next to the barracks and watchtower. The EDO with 126 "cons" was led by Bartini. The designer did not look well maintained - he wore a shabby leather coat, his pockets protruded, full tore bundles of "Belomor" cigarettes. Around his neck he wore a white silk scarf, stabbed with a pin with a transparent stone. "Bartini, in-depth, sitting at his drawing board, gave the impression of an exotic bird in a cage" - recalled N.Zheltuhin, a former draftsman at the "sharaga". However, prisoners worked "free."

He was brought from the sharaga to the Lubyanka, to Beria himself, to report on the work. Beria listened to him and asked, on duty, whether he had any complaints. Bartini responded "There is. I was convicted for nothing, kept in jail ..." He approached Beria, threw up the beautiful head of the Roman patrician and said: "Lavrenty Pavlovich, I have long wanted to tell you, that I was not guilty of anything, they put me in vain." Beria responded "We know that you are not to blame. If you were to blame, you would have been shot long ago. But in what position do you want to put the party? Suppose we let you go now, what will the enemies tell us? They will say: you put him in prison for nothing, and for nothing you let go! .. No, Bartini. You first make an aircraft, and after that we will not only let you go as the redeemer of our guilt, but we will also award the Order of Lenin."

Until 1947 Bartini worked in prison, first in the CDB-29 NKVD, where the SRT-103 participated in the design of the Tu-2. Soon Bartini at his request, was transferred to the Bureau "101" of D.L.Tomashevich where designed fighter. This played a cruel joke - in 1941, those who worked with the Tupolev was released, and the employees '101' were released only after the war. In Omsk, to which CDB-29 was evacuated, a mission was given to Bartini by Lavrenty Beria to develop jet interceptors.

They were two of the projects developed.

  1. "P" was a supersonic single-seat fighter of the "flying wing" with a small aspect ratio wing with a large variable span sweep of the leading edge, with two-keel vertical feathers on the wing tips and the combined liquid-ramjet propulsion.
  2. R-114 - anti-aircraft interceptor with a four expander engines of V.P.Glushko 300 kgf thrust with swept wing (33 to the front edge) having a boundary layer control for increasing the aerodynamic wing quality. P-114 was developed to an unprecedented speed of Mach = 2.

But the effort to build such aircraft failed, and in the fall of 1943 the OKB was closed. From 1944 to 1946 Bartini performed detailed design and construction of transport aircraft. They airliner T-107 was created in 1945 with two AL-82 engines - and with a two-story sealed fuselage. But he subsequently built, as has already been adopted in the production of IL-12. In 1945 Bartini developed the T-108 - light transport aircraft with two diesel engines at 340 horsepower, twin-boom cargo cabin and fixed landing gear. It also was not built.

In 1950, on the instructions of the DOSAAF, Bartini developed a project for non-stop flight Moscow - North Pole - South Pole - Moscow. The plane had to overcome 40 thousand kilometers, but the project was also not implemented. Since 1948, after the liberation, and to 1952 worked in the bureau Bartini seaplane Beriev.

In 1952 Bartini was sent to Novosibirsk and appointed chief of the prospetive schemes of Siberian Research Institute of Aviation SA Chaplygin (SibNIA). There were made studies on profiles, to manage the boundary layer at subsonic and supersonic speeds, on the theory of the boundary layer, on the regeneration of the boundary layer of the aircraft powerplant, supersonic wing samosbalansirovaniem it during the transition to supersonic. In the wing this type of balancing is achieved with no loss of aerodynamic quality. Being superb mathematician, Bartini literally figured out a wing without particularly expensive purging and material costs. Based on these studies, he created the T-203 airplane project. Bartini project presented in 1955, the planned creation of a supersonic flying boat bomber A-55.

Initially, the project was rejected, since the declared characteristics considered unrealistic. He appealed to Sergei Korolyov, who helped to prove experimentally the project. In 1956 Bartini was rehabilitated, and in April 1957, seconded from SibNIA in OKBS MAP Lyubertsy to continue work on the project A-57. Here, under the leadership of OKB P.V.Tsybina, Bartini until 1961 developed 5 projects aircraft flight weight from 30 to 320 tons of different functions (projects "F", "P", "R-AL", "E" and "A ").

These designes, in addition to excellent flight characteristics, were fitted with the avionics, for the time the acme of perfection. MAP Commission, which was attended by representatives of the TsAGI, CIAM, NII-1, OKB-156 (Tupolev) and DB-23 (V. Myasishev) gave a positive opinion on the project, but the government decision on the construction the plane was not accepted.

And then in 1961, the designer was presented the draft of theP-57-AL, a supersonic long-range reconnaissance nuclear power plant development of the WIG-carrier A-57. When Bartini turned to Sergei Korolyov asking about experimental verification of their "fantasies", Korolyov, at the time worked on rocketry and therefore have virtually unlimited possibilities, went to meet the Italian, who was revered for daring design ideas since the late 1920s. Sergei Pavlovich engineers created and "purged" in the wind tunnel a few models, made on the proposed Bartini drawings, made over 40 reporting documentation volumes. The conclusion of the admiring rocket workders was unequivocal: the airplane is able to achieve the stated speed. Another thing is that for its construction the level of equipment or facilities of Soviet industry is inadequate. After a decade the aerodynamic calculations of the Italian, the drawings and profiles calculated for wings for supersonic flight, were used in the construction of the famous Tu-144.

The article "The relationships between physical quantities" Robert Bartini, published in 1965 in the journal "Reports of the Academy of Sciences", caused a scandal. The author claimed that during the three-dimensionally, has a length, width and height. Yet our space - is six-dimensional. With so many measurements it is most stable. The 1965 article published more out of pity and sympathy for the 68-year-old Bartini. For those who knew him stood up Bartini scientists - Bruno Pontecorvo and Keldysh. However, even sympathetic Bartini scientists were surprised: Robert L. signed up for the first time under Article its full name - Roberto Oros di Bartini. It was a kind of challenge.

After his release from prison Bartini lived alone, separated from his wife, son and grandson, who he was very fond of. He worked in the shadows (Bartini eye were damaged by disease). In a large entrance room, a faint light chandelier, wrapped with gauze, burn homemade table lamp with a shade of a dense green paper. In the one-room apartment, Robert L. asked the painters to paint in bright red color, the other painted itself: the blue ceiling was located the sun, below, on the walls - the sea surface in some places were the islands. Bartini died in the night of 4 to 5 December 1974. Two days later, when his body was found on the bathroom floor, there was water from the tap, and the gas is burned in the kitchen. The conclusion of the police was that Bartini fell ill, got up from the table, knocking over a chair, and went into the kitchen. He lit the gas, began taking on water in the bathroom. Then he fell backwards, hitting his head on the jamb. Robert Bartini was buried at the cemetery in Moscow Vvedenskoye. The monument inscription "In the land of the Soviets, he kept his vow by devoting entire life to the red planes that flew faster than black."






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Page last modified: 26-03-2018 18:52:10 ZULU