The AN-26 light military transport aircraft is a modification of the AN-24, intended for transportation of cargo on the routes of short and medium range. Minimum commercial load is 5.5 t. It has cargo door whose ramp serves for entry of the technique or rolls away under the fuselage and loading directly from the car body. It may be used for transportation of 38-40 passengers on folding seats along the board on altitudes to 6000 meters.
The An-26 is a development of An-24RT. One of the main modifications was a rear loading ramp. More than 1,100 of this versatile transport aircraft were built before production ended in 1978. The Coke's replacement, the An-26 Curl, has many of the same features as the Coke. An-26 by Antonov is designed for tactical transport of passengers and material on short and medium distances. A development of An-24, it was finished in 1969. It has a large rear loading ramp to facilitate loading of cargo. The engines are more powerful in comparison with the An-24.
A pressurized cabin makes it possible to fly at high levels. It has fairly modern navigation and communication devices, an ADF automatic radio direction finder, DME distance measuring system, marker and ILS/GS instrument landing system, and a radio altimeter. The avionics and instrumentation permits all-weather operation and safe landing. The An-26Z version is fitted with special devices and instrumentation for air reconnaissance and control of combat activities.
It became a basic one for 25 domestic versions and modifications. One of them is the AN-26P forest fire-fighter, designed on a basis of the AN-26 serial transport by mounting two outer discharging tanks with volume of 4.000 l.
On May 21, 1969 the first flight of the AN-26 cargo airplane from Svyatoshin airfield. Airplanes of the AN-26 family produced serially in Kiev on Kiev aviation production association in the period from 1969 to 1986. In common 1398 airplanes were produced, 420 were exported.
On September 28, 2009 the European Agency of Safety of Aviation issued type certificate on the AN-26 and the AN-26B cargo airplanes. It allowed to continue successful operation of these airplanes registered in the countries of the EU. In particular they are actively used for transportation of the mail and urgent cargoes in the airlines of Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary and Poland.
In the early 2000s as a replacement for older An-24s a program was developed AN-26-100, which includes the conversion of industrial AN-26 passenger by installing access and reconstruction of the cabin. Currently, the AN-26-100 operated in a number of regional airlines in Russia.
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