98th Guards Svir Airborne Red Banner Order of Kutuzov 2nd Degree Division
The 98th Guards Airborne Division is an airborne division of the Russian Airborne Troops, stationed in Ivanovo. It took part in the 2008 war against Georgia. Today, its two regiments, the 217th and 299th, are stationed near the Ivanovo Severny military-transport airfield. However another source lists the two constituent regiments as the 217th and 331st, the later having transferred from 106th 'Tula' Guards Airborne Division in 1998.
|137th Guards Airborne Regiment||Ryazan (from disbanded??? 106th Guards Airborne Division)|
|217th Guards Airborne Regiment||Ivanovo|
|331st Guards Airborne Regiment||Kostroma|
|1065th Guards Artillery Regiment||Kostroma|
|318th Air Defence Battalion||Ivanovo|
|661st Engineer Battalion||Ivanovo|
|674th Signal Battalion||Ivanovo|
|15th Maintenance Battalion||Ivanovo|
|243rd Military Transport Aviation Squadron||Ivanovo|
During the Great Patriotic War, the formation began its existence as the 98th Guards Rifle Division. It incorporated 296th Guards Rifle Regiment (formerly the 18th Independent Guards Airborne Brigade), 299th GRR (fmr 19 IGAB), 302nd GRR (fmr 20 IGAB). Formed in December 1943-January 1944 at Demitrov in the Moscow Military District. Part of the 37th Guards Airborne Corps, 9th Guards Army on the Karelian front (May 1944), on the Svir river (June 1944) and near Budapest in February 1945. It ended the war near Prague.
In January 1944, on the basis of 13 of the 6th guards Airborne Division the 98th guards rifle Division (MD) was formed. It picked up troops of the military school of cadets, sailors of the Pacific fleet, the Amur flotilla and personnel from training units. May 3, 1944 Division was handed a Military banner. Day 3 may is considered an annual holiday. In June 1944, the connection to the Karelian front, where the 37-th guards rifle Corps participated in the Svirsko-Petrozavodsk offensive operation.
On July 2, 1944 by the Stavka of the Supreme Command for the bravery and courage shown during the forcing of the Svir River and capturing the bridgehead, the Division was awarded the title of "Founder" of the guards. Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR for the exemplary command combat missions at the front counter with the German invaders 17 soldiers connect was awarded the title of hero of the Soviet Union.
After the Svirsko-Petrozavodsk operation Division 37th Airborne Corps 3-th Ukrainian front took part in the battles for the liberation of Hungary, Austria and Czechoslovakia. April 26, 1945 Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR for the exemplary job command in battle with the German invaders in mastering the cities Pope, Devecser, Sombalet' (Szombathely), Kapuvár, Köszeg can be found and shown in the Valor and courage of the Division was awarded the order of the red banner of labor.
On 01 May the guard successfully completed the task command to defeat Nazi forces in Austria. May 10, 1945 17:00 units in the Division joined the Allied US forces near the city of Pil'zen' and Hradec Kralev in Czechoslovakia. For distinction in combat during World War II soldiers, sergeants and 11539 officers awarded orders and medals, 19 people were awarded the title of hero of the Soviet Union.
From May 1945 to January 1946, the Division was located in the town of Kišteleg (Hungary). In early 1946, the connection have relocated in the city of Murom, Moscow military district, and in July, 1946 in the village of Pokrovka district of Primorsky district military Molotovskogo. In accordance with the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR from June 3, 1946, the Division was redesignated the 98th guards airborne Svirskuû red banner Division.
On June 1, 1951 parts of the Division were moved to belogorsk, Amur Oblast (far eastern military district). February 22, 1968 "for great contribution in fighting for the protection of the Soviet motherland, successes in training and in connection with the 50th anniversary of the Soviet army and Navy" Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the Division was awarded the order of Kutuzov 2nd degree.
On July 21, 1969 by order of the Commander of the far East military district, turning, (FEB) red banner military INSTITUTE, which awarded 98-guards Airborne Division transferred to the eternal storage. In 1969, the Division redeployed troops in the city of Bolhrad and Odessa military district of Chisinau. School of courage and military training for the Division was the participation in major exercises "South", "spring-72", "Crimea-73", "broadcast", "spring 74-75", "shield-79", "shield-82", "summer-90".
On November 5, 1987 by order of the Minister of defence of the USSR, as a better connection in the airborne troops, the combat and political training given the honorary name — name of the 70-th anniversary of Great October ". The honorary titles have been awarded only three compounds in the armed forces of the USSR.
In the late 80 's and early 90-ies of the last century, the Division performed special tasks of the Government in the republics of Transcaucasia and Central Asia. July 11, 1990 the Division was awarded the pennant of the Minister of Defense of the USSR "for courage and military prowess. Many officers and aporsiki compounds were involved in the fighting in Afghanistan.
In May 1993, the Division was relocated to Ivanovo and in the same year the Division entered 331 6th guards Airborne Regiment. The December 13, 1994 to February 20, 1995 477 Military Division, comprising the consolidated Squadron participated in the guidance of the constitutional order in the Chechen Republic. 455 persons awarded orders and medals, three soldiers were awarded the title of hero of Russia.
In January 1996, the Division was formed on the basis of a separate Airborne Brigade, the peacekeeping forces of the Russian Federation, which carried out the peacekeeping mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since July 1998, the composite battalion Division carried out the peacekeeping mission in the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict zone.
In May-June 1999, was formed and deployed to Kosovo (Yugoslavia) to carry out the peacekeeping mission 98 composite battalion of the 6th guards Airborne Division, which was 2-nd airborne battalion 331 first paratroop Regiment. The formation of the battalion happened within a short period of time in view of the situation in the Balkans.
From September 1999 to March 2000, the consolidated Regiment battlegroup, formed on the basis of 331-guards paratroop Regiment, participated in combat missions as part of the joint grouping of troops (forces) in conducting the counter-terrorist operation in the North Caucasus. For courage and heroism shown in the fight against gangs, more than 800 soldiers of the Division were awarded State prizes and Colonel Nikolai Majorov, Colonel Yunus-BEK yevkurov, guard Lt. Roman Schetev were awarded the title of hero of Russia.
In spring, Moscow traditionally prepares for a parade on Victory Day. In 2000 the parade was dedicated to the 55th anniversary of the German defeat in the Second World War. Among participants will be many servicemen who were engaged in combat operations in Chechnya. Thus, the famous 331st guards regiment of the 98th guards airborne division will march on the Red Square. Regimental commander Colonel Nikolai Mayorov, a Hero of Russia, would lead the column. Together with him Senior Lieutenant Roman Shchetnev, commander of scouts' platoon, a Hero of Russia, will also march in the column. The 331st regiment took part in combat operations in Chechnya between September 17, 1999, and March 20, 2000. In June 1999, the regiment also formed and sent to Kosovo the 2nd airborne battalion to be included into the multinational peacekeeping forces.
In August 2008, the Division successfully took part in an operation to force Georgia to peace in South Ossetia. In August 2008 Western officials were monitoring Russian troop movements, which may be intended to strengthen Russian forces in and around Georgia. A battalion from Russia’s 76th Guards Airborne Division has been deployed from Pskov to Beslan, a city in North Ossetia. Several additional battalions from the 98th Guards Airborne Division at Kostroma also appeared to have been preparing over the weekend for possible deployment to the Caucasus region.
On May 3, 2009 98-guards Svir airborne red-flag order of Kutuzov 2nd degree Division celebrated its Jubilee — 65-th anniversary.
This airborne division, based in central Russia, began large-scale exercises 11 March 2014 against the backdrop of an ongoing political and security crisis in Ukraine. The Defense Ministry said units of the 98th Guards Airborne Division, based in Ivanovo, a city east of Moscow, were put on high alert and moved to unspecified locations to “check readiness” in simulated combat conditions. Four thousand troops, 36 military transport aircraft and an unspecified number of combat vehicles took part in the exercises, which were to run until March 14. The drills included a massive simultaneous paradrop involving 3,500 servicemen, the ministry said.
The drills came in the wake of a number of military exercises in Russia’s western regions in the past days, including air defense drills, combat readiness snap checks and a launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile. Russia said the exercises were not linked to the development in Crimea. The turbulent political crisis gripping Ukraine led to a standoff between Russia and the West over the fate of Crimea, an autonomous Ukrainian region with an ethnic Russian majority.
The Russian Airborne Troops on 14 March 2014 paradropped a 350-strong battalion at a landing site on the New Siberian Islands in the Arctic as part of ongoing military drills. It took the battalion from the 98th Guards Airborne Division, based near Moscow, about an hour to “capture” an airfield and prepare it for the landing of transport planes loaded with troops, heavy military equipment and supplies, a spokesman for the Airborne Troops said.
The 98th division started large-scale exercises involving 4,000 troops, 36 military transport aircraft and an unspecified number of combat vehicles on 11 March 2014. Apart from the Arctic, the paratroopers have been deployed in the Rostov, Tambov, Belgorod and Kursk regions – all bordering on Ukraine – “to practice combat techniques and maneuvering,” according to the defense ministry. The drills come in the wake of a number of military exercises in Russia’s western regions in recent weeks, including air defense and artillery drills, combat readiness snap checks and the launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile.
On 14 March 2014, for the first time in Russia’s history, a battalion of 350 men of the 98th Ivanovo Airborne Division made a landing Friday on the island Kotelny of the Siberian Islands archipelago. Fifteen minutes before the drop of the main group, materiel and equipment landed on parachute platforms… Simultaneously at 10 training grounds, located on the territories of the North Caucasus and Southern federal districts, as well as on military bases abroad, there began a collection of artillery units and formations of the Southern Military District for boot camp training.
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