Military


Project 636-M / 636.3 Varshavyanka

The Russian Navy had problems developing the new Project 677 Lada diesel-electric submarines, whereas Project 877 Paltus (Kilo class) submarines continued to age rapidly. As a result, the Navy had to order upgraded Project 636-M (Kilo class) submarines once again. In August 2010, the keel of a lead Project 636-M submarine was laid for the Black Sea Fleet.

Project 636.3 diesel electric submarine Novorossiysk was laid down at Admiralteyskie Verfi shipyard (ST. Petersburg) 20 August 2010 at 12 pm. The sub was to be delivered to the Navy in 2013; later on, other two submarines of the project were to be laid down and in 2014 dispatched to south Russia. Vladimir Aleksandrov, Director General of JSC Admiralteyskie Verfi said the submarine laid down represents one of the most successful series. It was designed by Rubin Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering and has no analogs.

The three Varshavyanka-class submarines were delivered by Admiralty Shipyards to Russia’s Black Sea Fleet in 2014. Work on building the first sub, the Novorossiisk, began in August 2010, followed by Rostov-on-Don in November 2011 and Stary Oskol in August 2012.

Vietnam ordered a fleet of six Russian-made submarines in 2009 in a step seen as an effort to counterbalance China’s expanding maritime influence in the region. The contract, which also stipulates the training of Vietnamese submarine crews in Russia, is reportedly worth $2 billion. The submarines were built at the Admiralteiskie Verfi shipyard in St. Petersburg. All six boats were due for delivery by 2016.

"The construction cost is $2.1 billion, but the building of all necessary coastal infrastructure and the delivery of armaments and other equipment may bring the total to $3.2 bln, which makes this deal the largest in the history of Russian exports of naval equipment," the Export of Arms magazine says in an editorial published in its June 2010 issue.

The first of six Varshavyanka class (Project 636M) diesel-electric submarines was delivered to Vietnam in 2013 as scheduled. “The first vessel is undergoing sea trials. It will be delivered to Vietnam this year," Rubin design bureau general director Igor Vilnit told reporters at the LIMA-2013 arms show in Malaysia 29 March 2013. Vilnit said construction on the craft is going according to the schedule specified in the contract. The first craft in the order was loaded on a stevedore barge on November 11 and towed to Vietnam, where it was officially transferred to the country’s navy. The second vessel was delivered in the beginning of 2014, while the third was also transferred in 2014.

The final Kilo-class Project 636 diesel-electric submarine for the Vietnamese navy under a 2009 contract was laid down 28 May 2014 in St. Petersburg, a defense industry source told RIA Novosti. "Today, we had the ceremony of laying down the sixth submarine for Vietnam. This is the latest submarine in this series," the source said. Under the $2 billion contract, two submarines have already been delivered to Vietnam, the third is undergoing sea trials, a fourth was floated out in late March, and the fifth and sixth are now under construction. "Two submarines have already been transferred to the Vietnamese Navy, the third is to be transferred this year and the remaining three in 2015-2016," according to the source.

The second multipurpose, low-noise and highly maneuverable Varshavyanka-class (Project 636.3) submarine, named after the city of Rostov-on-Don, was launched 25 June 2014. Construction began at the Admiralty Shipyard on November 21, 2011. It is the second Varshavyanka submarine out of six planned for the Black Sea Fleet by the end of 2016. Unlike the fleet’s main forces stationed in Sevastopol in Crimea, these new submarines will use the port of Novorossiysk as their home base. By mid-2014 the prototype Varshavyanka submarine ‘Novorossiysk’ was undergoing tests in the Baltic Sea, and in early 2015 was expected to make a two-month journey around Europe under its own power to its home base.

The second Project 636.3 diesel-electric submarine Rostov-on-Don designed for the Russian Black Sea Fleet was officially taken into naval service 30 December 2014. The St. Andrew naval flag was hoisted on the submarine, from which moment it is considered officially taken into combat service of the domestic Navy. The Russian Navy chief commander’s decree was read out to enrol Rostov-on-Don in the 4th separate brigade of the Black Sea Fleet with a base in southern Russia’s Krasnodar territory the city of Novorossiisk.

The Varshavyanka class is an improved version of the Kilo class submarines, featuring advanced stealth technology, extended combat range and ability to strike land, surface and underwater targets. The Project 636 class boats displace 3,100 tons, reach speeds of 20 knots, can dive to 300 meters and carry crews of 52 people. The submarines, which feature 533-milimeter torpedo tubes and are armed with torpedos, mines, and Kalibr 3M54 (NATO SS-N-27 Sizzler) cruise missiles, are mainly intended for anti-shipping and anti-submarine missions in relatively shallow waters.

Diesel-electric submarine "Krasnodar" - the fourth in a series of modified Project 636 - was launched 25 April 2015 at JSC "Admiralty Shipyards" in St. Petersburg. The ceremony was attended Navy Commander Viktor Chirkov, Vice-Governor of St. Petersburg Sergei Movchan and CEO "Admiralty Shipyards" Alexander Busachi. "It is symbolic that today on the eve of the 70th anniversary of the Great Victory we launches the fourth submarine of this series for the Russian Black Sea Fleet," - said Chirkov. "Ahead, - he said - a lot of work. It is necessary to finish two more boats and more boats will be a new generation - Project 677". The fourth diesel electric submarine of Project 636.3 "Krasnodar" was transferred to the Navy of the Russian Federation on 05 November 2015.

The final series of "Novgorod" and "Kolpino" are built in various stages of readiness. Works are conducted strictly in construction schedule. All six ships of the series named after the city, bearing the honorary title of "City of Military Glory." Fifth and sixth submarine - "Veliky Novgorod" and "Kolpino" - to be transferred to the Navy in November 2016. In total, the Black Sea Fleet must get six submarines of Project 636.3 (code "Warszawianka").

The last of six Varshavyanka-class (NATO reporting name Improved Kilo-class) diesel-electric powered submarines for the Russian Black Sea Fleet was launched at the Admiralty Shipyards in St. Petersburg on 31 May 2016. Deputy Navy Commander-in-Chief Vice Adm. Alexander Fedotenkov, President of United Shipbuilding Corporation Alexei Rakhmanov and governor of St. Petersburg Georgy Poltavchenko were present at the ceremony.

The Russian Navy has made a final decision to order the construction of six Varshavyanka-class (NATO reporting name Improved Kilo-class) diesel-electic powered submarines for the Pacific Fleet, Deputy Navy Commander-in-Chief Vice Adm. Alexander Fedotenkov said 31 May 2016.



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