Project 23130 "Akademik Pashin" Medium Marine Tanker
During the Cold War, the Soviet Navy once had an unprecedentedly large supply fleet to provide strong logistical support for naval surface ships and submarine units heading for the ocean. However, the Soviet Navy is more interested in the development of relatively independent professional supply vessels, such as weapons carriers, oil tankers and other support ships. With the comprehensive replenishment capability, only the 1833 type integrated supply ship "Bezezina" was developed, but with the end of the Cold War, these logistic support ships disappeared together with the once powerful Soviet Navy.
Along with the Navy's renaissance, the Russian Navy did not forget to continue to develop new supply ships while building multi-type water surface main battleships. St. Petersburg “Special Ship Design” stock company designed a type 23130 medium-sized oil tanker. The ship is designed for the ST33 civil hull. The icebreaking capacity is ARC4, and it is classified as a Russian classification society.
Ministry of defense «Rosoboronpostavka» booking agency placed an order for the supply of two medium-sized marine tankers 23130 project. Under the terms of the May 2013 tender, the ships shall be transferred to the North and the Pacific fleet not later than 25 November 2014 and 25 November 2015 respectively. The amount of the possible deal is valued at 322.8 million rubles.
On November 1, 2013, the Russian Ministry of Defense signed a construction contract with the Nevsky Shipbuilding and Ship Repairing Plant. Construction of a 23130 medium tanker. The ship was named "Academy of Passin", which was used to commemorate Pashen, a famous Russian Academy of Sciences who died a few years ago. The Academician Pashen began cutting steel plates in February 2014, and the keel laying ceremony was held on April 26 of the same year. The ship was originally planned to be launched in June 2015, but it was only due to various reasons that it was completed on May 26 this year before the hull was launched. It was planned to be delivered within the year.
According to the description of the application, the transaction will be funded for three years (2013-2015 years); the supplier will be transferred 107.6 million rubles every year. It was initially expected that the winner would be named June 20, 2013. On 04 September 2013 the Russian Defense Ministry announced a tender for the delivery of a fuel tanker with a maximum contract price of 3.08 billion rubles ($90 million). The tanker was to be delivered before October 2016. Bids were accepted by 24 September 2013.
The Navy tankers will be used for logistic support ships and submarines, diesel fuel, fuel oil, jet fuel, engine oil, water and food. The Project 23130 medium-sized tanker will be designed to store and transport fuel as well as dry cargo, and provide support to surface ships and submarines in peace time and in wartime, the Defense Ministry’s procurements arm said in a press release.
According to the May 2013 specification, the length of the tanker project 23130 was 130 meters, width of 20 meters, draft of seven meters and a displacement of 12 thousand tons. Deadweight with draft of seven meters is about 7.5 thousand tons. Tankers was to carry up to three thousand tons of fuel oil, 2.5 thousand tons of diesel oil, 500 tons of aviation kerosene, 150 tons of lubricating oil, 1,000 tons of water, 100 tons of food and a hundred tons of equipment and spare parts. All of the above is part of the deadweight. The performance characteristics are very similar to the average marine tanker "Dubna" (virtually one to one, in addition to deadweight).
The revised specifications called for a tanker 130 meters long, 21 meters wide and have a displacement of 14,000 tons. It should have a range of no less than 8,000 nautical miles, a cruising capacity of 60 days before refueling and be operable by a crew of 24.
The project is developed by Spetssudoproect, JSC. The construction of the tanker “ACADEMICIAN PASHIN” is being carried out in accordance with the State Contract for the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation.
The ship represents medium-sized sea tanker, steel, single-deck, with bulb fore end and transom aft end with forecastle and poop superstructures, double-hull near cargo tanks, with cargo hold in the middle part, with living superstructure and engine room in the aft end, with diesel single-shaft propulsion system, with bow thruster, with reinforced ice class Arc 4. The ship is intended for receiving, storage, transportation and transfer of liquid cargoes – diesel fuel, bunker fuel, aviation kerosene, engine oil, water; dry cargoes – provisions, naval and technical stores.
The tanker is equipped with the systems for underway transfer of liquid and dry cargoes to ships and vessels. Living spaces for crew and passengers as well as service spaces are situated at the stern living house. Total number of places is 36. Structure of hull, mechanisms, equipment and ship’s systems satisfy the requirements of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships MARPOL 73/78.
The main engines are medium speed, four-cycle, nonreversible, single-acting, turbocharging with water cooling, intercooling of supercharging air and with maximum continuous power not less than 4640 kW. The integrated hardware control system is provided for control systems integration.
The 23130 medium-sized oil tanker has a standard displacement of 5,000 tons, a maximum displacement of 12,000 tons, a total length of 130.15 meters, a width of 21.5 meters, and a draft of 7 meters. Powered by two 6310 horsepower diesel engines, and equipped with a side thruster and two small star ship repair center production of omnidirectional rotary thrusters, speed 16 knots, endurance 8000 nautical miles, self-sustaining 60 days, crew 24 people.
The "Academician Pashin" medium-sized oil tanker has a supply gantry that can supply liquid cargo to two left and right ships at the same time. At the same time, a helicopter landing platform is provided for the ship-borne helicopter to carry out vertical transportation and dry cargo replenishment. The ship can carry 3,000 tons of marine fuel oil, 2,500 tons of diesel, 500 tons of aviation kerosene, 150 tons of lubricating oil, 1,000 tons of fresh water, 100 tons of grain, 100 tons of other goods such as equipment and spare parts.
Interestingly, the supply gantry used by the ship was purchased by Russia from China. On March 22, 2015, according to the official news released by Wuhan Marine Machinery Co., Ltd., a Russian shipyard ordered two sets of horizontal dry goods and liquid supply equipment and a set of vertical supply equipment for the Russian military's new supply. Ship. This is the 23130 medium tanker built at the Nevsky Shipyard, which is the second time the company has exported high-tech industrial products to Russia.
On 21 January 2020, a solemn raising of the flag of the auxiliary fleet of the Navy will take place in Severomorsk on the new academic tanker Akademik Pashin. The crew of the ship, the command of the Northern Fleet and invited guests took part in the ceremony. Earlier the tanker Akademik Pashin was planned to be commissioned on December 30, 2019.
|Length overall, m||130 meters / 423 feet|
|Length between perpendiculars, m||122,7|
|Overall breadth (about), m||21,50|
|Midships depth to upper deck, m||10,00|
|Extreme draft (about), m||7,0|
|Rate of sailing, knots||16|
|Deadweight at draft on load waterline (about), t||9000|
|Range of sailing (about), nautical miles||8000|
|Endurance by water and provision stores (about), days||60|
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