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Project 22800 "Karakurt"
Small-ship missile corvette

Small missile ships of the project 22800 Karakurt (Turkic languages: kara (black) and kurt (wolf), others suggest Black Widow) with cruise missiles will replace the 3,600 ton frigates of Project 11356 Krivak II class. A total of 11 of these frigates were phased out prior to 2010. The construction of frigates of project 11356 was stopped [for a while] after the 3rd vessel due to non-delivery by Ukraine of gas turbine engines for them.

The "Karakurt" MRK was developed in St. Petersburg CMMB "Almaz" as an alternative to the MRK of project 21631 "Buyan-M", created only 5 years earlier in the Zelenodolsk design bureau. It was assumed that the "Buyanov" will be 10. However, due to the certain advantage of "Karakurta", the last and ninth unit of project 21631 was laid in April 2015. After 8 months, a series of "Karakurts" was launched.

In April 2015, Russian Deputy Defence Minister Yuri Borisov announced plans of the military to order small ocean-going class of corvettes. "We will now be working on and placing contracts for smaller corvettes," Borisov said then. Chirkov also said then that the yet-to-be ordered ships would carry the same weapons as smaller missile ships. "They will be slightly different in terms of their sea worthiness parameters," Chirkov said. Speaking of the prospects for building missile ships he said that "as many as necessary for maintaining the nations defence will be available." He said "The development proceeds towards universal long-range missiles, capable of being used against coastal and surface targets".

"The ships design is to be completed by the end of the month," Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy Admiral Viktor Chirkov said on 01 July 2015, adding that the Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau is engaged in the project. According to him, the new ships will be built in large series - 18 vessels as a minimum.

According to Chirkov, certain parameters of the new corvettes are already known, although the designing is not over yet. In particular, ships of Project 22800 will be equipped with Russian propulsion plants, their operating range will reach 1,000 miles and sea endurance - 30 days. They will have improved seaworthiness characteristics.

The Pella shipyard in St. Petersburg in northwest Russia laid down two new Project 22800 small missile ships for the Russian Navy on 24 December 2015. Navy Deputy Commander-in-Chief for Armament, Vice-Admiral Viktor Bursuk said on 23 December 2015 that "The ships will be codenamed Uragan and Taifun and will enter service in the Navy in 2017 and 2018 after their construction and trials are over". In the near term, various Russian shipyards will build over a dozen ships of this new Project developed by the Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau, he said.

According to the admiral, the ships have a displacement of about 800 tons and are capable of developing a speed of over 30 knots and accomplishing missions at a distance of around 3,000 nautical miles from their bases. The ships will be armed with a set of high-precision missile weapons and modern artillery systems and will also receive domestic engines.

"These ships advantages include their high maneuverability, increased sea-going performance, and also the architecture of superstructures and the hull based on the stealth technology," the admiral said. According to Chirkov, the armament of the new Project ships will match the weapons suite of Buyan-M-class missile ships armed with Kalibr missile systems. At the same time, the new corvettes will differ "by ocean-and sea-going characteristics," he said.

Compared to the Buyan-M, the Karakut is more seaworthy and has a number of tactical and technical advantages. For instance, to protect themselves from enemy air power, the Buyans feature a 30 mm Ak-630M-2 Duet machine gun, which is adequate for use on rivers and in the Caspian. But operations at great distance from its home territory require more powerful protection. The Karakut is equipped with the Pantsir-M, a naval version of the Pantsir-S1 combined surface-to-air missile and anti-aircraft artillery system produced by the KBP Instrument Design Bureau. Its known that the Karakut uses the 3S13 launcher, allowing the vessel to use both the Onyx anti-ship and Calibr-NK cruise missiles.

The ships modular design allows for the construction of several different versions. It is logical to assume designs including a shock unit, a patrol vessel and an anti-ship model. The order we are discussing obviously does not apply to the anti-ship modification, but is great for patrol functions, which are extremely important in the waters of the Black Sea. With a speed of 30 knots, the Karakut is a sufficiently fast ship, and will be able to cause serious problems for the enemy with the help of its P-800 Onyx medium-range anti-ship missiles. Meanwhile, the ships 100 mm automatic naval gun (likely to be the A-190 Burevestnik) has implications for any conflicts over water boundaries.

The first small rocket ship (MRK) of project 22800 Mytishchi completed state tests and was handed over to the Navy on 17 December 2018. This was reported to journalists on Saturday in the press service of the Ministry of Defense. According to the Ministry of Defense, in the course of state tests in the northern latitudes, Mytishchi successfully made test rocket launches. The ship successfully tested a number of life support systems, propulsion and energy, the ship showed excellent seaworthiness while maneuvering in northern latitudes. The head MRK of the project 22800 "Mytishchi" was built at the St. Petersburg shipbuilding plant "Pella". The ships of this project have a displacement of about 800 tons, speed - over 30 knots. The main armament of the IRAs is Caliber or Onyx missiles. It is planned to build 18 ships of this project for the Navy.

Mytishchi is a mid-sized industrial city in North Moscow Oblast, which borders Moscow to the southwest. It is perhaps Moscow Oblast's principal industrial center. This class of ships were in all fleets, their units were always named after "bad weather", and tradition remained to name ships in honor of those who served with dignity and completed the task.




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