Project 22570 "Sviyaga"
Transport Floating Dock
Transport floating dock is a special purpose ship designed for transporting ships, as well as ensuring the dock inspections and repair of ship repair enterprises. Project 22570 (code named Kvarti?ra "Apartment") developed by the St. Petersburg JSC "Central Marine Design Bureau "Diamond". It is the first vessel of its type to be built in Russia in the 21st century. And it was built in Tatarstan. The dock is 134 meters long. That is longer than a soccer field, the width is 14 meters, and draft - 2.67 meters. It is capable of transporting cargo weighing more than 3,000 tons.
Shallow-draft vessels are often designed with flat bottom hulls to provide the ability to navigate in relatively shallow waters, such as in shallow-water harbors, along rivers, along shorelines and in other bodies of shallow water. Shallow-draft vessels are also designed to maximize payload carrying capacity and to provide for simplified on-loading and off-loading of cargo.
Shallow-draft vessels typically have relatively high water resistance due in part to large beam to length ratios, large wetted surfaces, and blunt water contact. Such characteristics provide for the generation of large amounts of resistance, such as turbulence and/or Kelvin wake, and high power requirements. Accordingly, shallow-draft vessels typically have poor seakeeping, poor ride, and poor handling characteristics. Due to these and other operational characteristics, shallow-draft vessels typically are not suited for use in deep water.
State contract for the supply of transport floating dock was concluded in spring 2012. The ceremony of laying the floating dock on factory stocks took place on 30 November 2012, and it was launched 06 November 2014. In laying ceremony attended Head of deep-sea research (so-called military unit 40056) of the Ministry of Defense of Russia Hero of Russia, Vice Admiral Alexei Burilichev. In his words, "like a floating dock is laid for the first time in the last 12 years. It is designed for repair and maintenance of ships of the Northern Fleet. Floating Dock will provide transport ships and vessels on inland waterways in the north to the south."
On 01 September 2015, floating dock project 22570 «Sviyaga», which was built at JSC „Zelenodolsk plant named after A. M. Gorky“ (the company is included into group of companies JSC «holding company „AK bars“), began the transition by inland waterways from the city of Zelenodolsk to external acceptance base in Severodvinsk, where, after passing the test, he will join the Northern fleet of the Russian Navy.
Sending floating dock was in operation. A sermon to the crew and acceptance to the team, «Sviyaga» asked the first Deputy General Director of the plant Alexander Karpov. The ceremony was attended by the employees and management of the enterprise.
This gala event was attended by a representative of the Customer by the Russian Navy, Vice-Admiral, Hero of Russia Burilichev Alexey V., Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade of the Republic of Tatarstan Mingaleev Ildar Ravilyevich, Head of Zelenodolsk municipal district, chairman of the MCH Batin Sergey Leonidovich, Deputy General Director for Strategic Development of JSC "Holding Company" Ak Bars "Arslanov Arthur Shamilyevich, General Director of" Central Marine Design Bureau "Almaz" Shlyakhtenko Alexander, General Director of JSC "Zelenodolsk enterprise" ERA "Antyshev Gennady Viktorovich, Director of Insurance promising projects of OJSC "SOGAZ" Yuri O. Shevchenko, Director of Kazan branch of OJSC "SOGAZ" Kamaletdinov Ildar Ivanovich, chief designer of the project Levoshkin K. Alexander, Chairman of the Board of Directors of JSC "Zelenodolsk Plant named after AM Gorky" Ilin Sergey V., Head of the Military Mission 490 Russian Ministry of Defense Ivanov and Nikolay Leonidovich others.
"Sviyaga" will be used to repair and service Russian Navy Northern Fleet vessels. Aleksandr Shlyakhtenko – Almaz Central Naval Design Bureau general director said "This is a special dock – for the Directorate of Deep-Sea Research. It will transport special-purpose vehicles. But the most important thing is that this dock can operate with robotic hardware."
Aleksey Burilichev - Vice Admiral, Commander of Military Unit #40056, Hero of Russia said "It was designed to transport Varshavyanka- and Lada-class [7FBTK: KILO SS and Petersburg SS] submarines. It will allow us to freely fulfill tasking and transport ships wherever they are needed." Freely – that is, in spite of sanctions. Now submarines, without heading into the open ocean, can travel within the country from the White Sea to the Baltic Sea, from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea, and from there on to the Caspian Sea. This naturally increases the Russian Navy's mobility.
When in use, the vessel will submerge up to 10 meters. The entire process is simple: the dock takes on ballast, the submarine enters the dock, then the repair vessel surfaces, and the submarine remains inside. The dock was designed so that it can sail under every bridge in the European portion of Russia. Those who distinguished themselves during the vessel's construction were presented awards by the leading dignitaries of the Republic.
Sviyaga - Nomenclature
The new vessel was named "Sviyaga" in accordance with a long-standing tradition of bestowing ships with names of the locations where they were built. The shipyard is perfectly located on the Volga River, the right-bank tributary of which is the Sviyaga.
The shallow Sviyaga River rises in the Samarskaya Luka Hills. The Volga and the Sviyaga flow for about 250 miles parallel, but in opposite directions. At Simbirsk the level of the Sviyaga is about 140 feet higher than that of the Volga, and nothing would be easier than to precipitate it in a series of rapids across the intervening pliocene deposits to the lower stream.
Sviyazhsk is a small spot of land a mile and a half long surrounded by water. This is where two rivulets the Sviyaga and the Shchuka join the great Russian river — the Volga. This tiny piece of land has played a significant part in the lives of such famous historic personalities as Ivan the Terrible, Alexander Pushkin, Feodor Dostoyevsky, one of the leaders of the 1917 Bolshevist revolution Lev Trotsky, and even the future president of the then Unified Yugoslavia Yosip Broz Tito.
Ulyanovsk is an administrative center of region that is located on Privolzhskaya hill, on the banks of the Volga and Sviyaga river where they come closest to each other – about 890 km to the east of Moscow. The first Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin grew up in Ulyanovsk. Back then the city was called Simbirsk and it was later renamed Ulyanovsk after Lenin in 1924, who was actually born Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov.
|load capacity||3300 tons.|
|length||134 meters / 436 feet|
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