LK-18 Project 21900 Moscow
The main icebreaker of Project 21900 is a two-deck vessel with two propeller shafts. The hull was created with an ice thickness of more than one meter. The creation of an icebreaker was required for navigation in the Arctic waters. However, modern capabilities also imply other additional capabilities for ships of this type.
The new icebreaker "Moscow", was built by the order of "Rosmorport". The production was entrusted at the end of 2004 to the Baltic Shipyard for two ships under a general project of 21900. The main in this series was the icebreaker "Moscow" 21900, and the second - the icebreaker "St. Petersburg".
The main purpose: Wiring of large-capacity tankers (width up to 50 meters); towing ships in ice and water; cargo transportation; performance of rescue operations; control of oil spills and chemicals in the sea; extinguishing fires. In order for the icebreaker to be repaid in the shortest possible time, it was created in such a way that it could be used in the summer. The icebreaker is capable of servicing oil and gas fields and coastal terminals. This proves its increased effectiveness.
The construction of a national icebreaker fleet was planned in different years in a number of various federal target programs (FTPs). The very first of these was the program "Revival of the Russian Merchant Fleet," which was approved by the president of the country and was designed for 1993-2000. In June 1996, the program was extended to the end of 2001. According to this program, the construction of 16 new icebreakers was planned, but none of them was built in the specified time.
Chronology of the icebreaker:
- 2004 - the victory of the Baltic plant in the competition for the production of the project 21900.
- 2005 - the beginning of works on creation of the main vessel.
- 2006 - sea trials conducted in the Gulf of Finland.
- 2008 - transfer of the vessel to the customer "Rosmorport" and solemn lifting of the flag of the Russian Federation.
- 2014 - participation in the icebreaker festival in St. Petersburg.
In 2008 and 2009 two icebreakers LK-18 with an output of 18 MW built under the project 21900 were put into operation. The construction work was carried out as part of the changes made to the subprogram by a decree of the Russian government from May 31, 2006. It is worth noting that the icebreakers LK-18 are very well thought-out vessels. On February 21, 2008, a new Federal Program "Development of Civil Marine Equipment for 2009-2016" was adopted in Russia.
The first attempt to find a construction plant was made in April 2020. Then there were no applicants to participate in the competition with an initial price of 7.3 billion rubles. After that, the maximum price for this vessel increased to 8 billion rubles. The shipyards of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) still show no interest in competitions for LK-18. Earlier, a series of almost similar icebreakers of project 21900M of three units was built at the Vyborg shipyard, which is part of the USC. Prior to this, two # icebreaker project 21900 built Baltic Shipyard. Reason for non-participationlies in the insufficient maximum contract value, taking into account the prices for materials and equipment.
On the evening of 22 December 2020, the results of the FSUE "Rosmorport" open tender for the construction of an 18 MW icebreaker (LK-18) for the North-West basin were announced. The ice-class vessel Icebreaker7 is being built on the basis of the project 21900M, already well-known in the industry. As follows fromAccording to the government procurement website, not a single application was submitted for participation in the competition with an initial price of just over 8 billion rubles.
This is the second LK-18 that Rosmorport plans to build as part of the Comprehensive Plan for the Modernization and Expansion of the Main Infrastructure until 2024 (KPMI). The contract for the construction of the first icebreaker designed for the Far East basin was signed in 2019 with the only private Pella shipyard from the Leningrad region that submitted the only bid. The contract price was 7.54 billion rubles. Icebreaker constructionis carried out at the facilities of Pella in Germany.
|capacity (gross)||9,491-14,300 tons;|
|height (on board)||12.4 meters|
|speed (clean water)||10 knots;|
|crew capacity||26 people.|
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