LK-18 Project 21900 Moscow
The main icebreaker of Project 21900 is a two-deck vessel with two rotor columns. The hull was created with an ice thickness of more than one meter. The creation of an icebreaker was required for navigation in the Arctic waters. However, modern capabilities also imply other additional capabilities for ships of this type.
The new icebreaker "Moscow", was built by the order of "Rosmorport". The production was entrusted at the end of 2004 to the Baltic Shipyard for two ships under a general project of 21900. The main in this series was the icebreaker "Moscow" 21900, and the second - the icebreaker "St. Petersburg".
The main purpose: Wiring of large-capacity tankers (width up to 50 meters); towing ships in ice and water; cargo transportation; performance of rescue operations; control of oil spills and chemicals in the sea; extinguishing fires. In order for the icebreaker to be repaid in the shortest possible time, it was created in such a way that it could be used in the summer. The icebreaker is capable of servicing oil and gas fields and coastal terminals. This proves its increased effectiveness.
The construction of a national icebreaker fleet was planned in different years in a number of various federal target programs (FTPs). The very first of these was the program "Revival of the Russian Merchant Fleet," which was approved by the president of the country and was designed for 1993-2000. In June 1996, the program was extended to the end of 2001. According to this program, the construction of 16 new icebreakers was planned, but none of them was built in the specified time.
Chronology of the icebreaker:
- 2004 - the victory of the Baltic plant in the competition for the production of the project 21900.
- 2005 - the beginning of works on creation of the main vessel.
- 2006 - sea trials conducted in the Gulf of Finland.
- 2008 - transfer of the vessel to the customer "Rosmorport" and solemn lifting of the flag of the Russian Federation.
- 2014 - participation in the icebreaker festival in St. Petersburg.
in 2008 and 2009 two icebreakers LK-18 with an output of 18 MW built under the project 21900 were put into operation. The construction work was carried out as part of the changes made to the subprogram by a decree of the Russian government from May 31, 2006. It is worth noting that the icebreakers LK-18 are very well thought-out vessels. On February 21, 2008, a new Federal Program "Development of Civil Marine Equipment for 2009-2016" was adopted in Russia.
|capacity (gross)||9,491 tons;|
|width||28 meters 2 centimeters;|
|height (on board)||12 meters 40 centimeters;|
|draft||8 meters 50 centimeters;|
|speed (clean water)||10 knots;|
|crew capacity||26 people.|
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