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Selena-2 / Selena-M - Project 1929 Kosmonaut Pavel Belyayev Class

BelyaevPavel Ivanovich Belyaev was enrolled in the cosmonaut corps in 1960. Among the pilots recruited, he was the oldest in age, rank (major) and position (squadron commander). Inside the group was the only one whom colleagues called by name and patronymic. March 18-19, 1965 made a space flight as the commander of the Voskhod-2 spacecraft. During the flight, the second pilot of the ship, A. A. Leonov, was the first in the world to enter space . At the final stage of the flight, when the ship's orientation system failed and landing in the automatic mode became impossible, Belyaev manually oriented the ship and turned on the brake propulsion system. These operations were performed for the first time in manned space exploration. He died January 10, 1970 due to peritonital sepsis. He was buried at the Moscow Novodevichy cemetery. The cosmonaut is immortalized in the sculptural composition " Fallen Astronaut " - the first and so far the only art installation on the moon .

Soyuz 11On June 6-29, 1971, Georgy Timofeevich Dobrovolsky carried out a space flight as the commander of the Soyuz-11 spacecraft and the Salyut-1 orbital space station, together with flight engineer Vladislav Volkov and research engineer Viktor Patsaev . On board the station, the crew conducted a large complex of scientific research. The flight lasted 23 days 18 hours 21 minutes 43 seconds. He died along with other crew members of the Soyuz-11 spacecraft upon returning to Earth due to depressurization of the descent vehicle. On June 30, 1971 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR they were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union (posthumous). Urns with their ashes were walled up in the Kremlin wall.

The Project 1929 Kosmonaut Pavel Belyayev Class also included Cosmonaut Vladislav Volkov, Cosmonaut George Dobrovolsky and Cosmonaut Victor Patsaev. The basis of the project was the Yeniseiles timber carrier of project 596 built in 1964 (factory number 803), which, however, was completely redesigned (only the hulls and main power plants remained unchanged). Chief Designer B.P. Ardashev . The four vessels of the Selena-M project were built in 1977 in Leningrad. On its first voyage, the R / V Cosmonaut Viktor Patsaev left the last of the vessels of this series. Among those who escorted the vessel on the first voyage were the pilot-cosmonaut twice Hero of the Soviet Union N.N. Rukavshinikov, V. Patsaev's widow Vera Alexandrovna, daughter Svetlana and sister Galina Ivanovna.

These vessels have been reported on numerous occasions heading in and out of the U.S.S.R. They had the callsigns UIVZ, UZYY, UTDX and UZZV respectively and are run by the U.S.S.R. Baltic Shipping Company out of Leningrad, with the exception of the Volkov, which was not attached to any specific fleet. All four are ice strengthened, and built at the Zhadanov yard in Leningrad.

The bow section has a derrick and foremast, upon which is an MF loop antenna, and a VHF omni directional discone for Salyut voice reception. From the top of the mast sloping to the prow is a center-fed dipole wire antenna. Upon the bridge are two alt-azimuth mounts for 143 MHz "Quad Ring" helicals, and a dedicated alt-azimuth mount for two right hand circular four-spiral helical antennas for telemetry work. Surrounding these arrays are a TV antenna, two HF whips, four VHF whips, and a feed cable for a long wire aerial extending from the main mast toward the stern to the mizzen mast. The mast contains the foghorn, a "Don 2" marine radar, a VHF discone, and VHF and MF direction finding arrays. Two lifeboats are either side of the bridge.

Midships is carried the main tracking antenna designated "Quad Spring," a clover leaf 4 dish alt-azimuth mounted array, with a "cherrypicker" work platform for access, stowed to the starboard side. Aside the dishes are two center-loaded whips. The funnel and surrounding deck area support a second TV antenna, two lifeboats, and three liferafts on either side, and a solitary 143 MHz "Quad Ring" array.

The mizzen mast carries a further two omni directional VHF discones, with an estimated 2.5 meter diameter Molniya communications dish at the base of the mast, along with twin derricks and two HF whips at the stern. As the Kosmonaut Vladislav Volkov was passing through the Dover Straits from Las Palmas on August 4, 1986, the deck space around the satcom dish was being used by two members of its crew for a weightlifting session.

In the second half of the 1990s, the Cosmonaut Georgy Dobrovolsky was prepared for use in the Sea Launch project as a spacecraft measurement complex. According to the original scheme, it should have telemetry from a rocket in the most critical areas: separation of the stages, separation of the upper stage, launching the object into orbit. Until October 1998, everything was moving according to plan. Additional equipment of the vessel was held for Russian money, taking into account that the Americans will sign a contract. Indeed, they even allocated a bit of finance in advance. But at the last moment they unexpectedly changed their minds and offered to abandon his services, equipping the rocket with an American satellite relay unit, and use their TDRS satellite for transmitting telemetry.

The marine launch complex, called Selena, includes a transportable rocket-space complex with a solid launch rocket of the Start family, a Selena-M project transport and launch vessel, a complex of rocket launch process measurement systems and a ground-based technical base for preparation and assembly of the RKK in the port of registry. Cosmonaut Georgy Dobrovolsky (Project 1929 (Selena-2), No. IMO: 6910245) in 2005 sold for scrap. In March 2006, under the name Cosmos came to Alang (India), where it was dismantled.

The scientific vessel "Cosmonaut Georgy Dobrovolsky" was sold from an auction, "Interfax" reported 12 June 2005, according to the head of the press-service of Roskosmos, Vyacheslav Davidenko. "The vessel was purchased by Natalia shiping Ltd, registered in the island state of Saint Kitts and Nevis (Antilles), for 24.6 million rubles," Davidenko said. He recalled that the starting price of the lot was 24 million rubles. "The proceeds of the sale of the vessel will go to the federal budget," - said Davidenko.

The space objects for which work was carried out: spacecraft of the Soyuz type, space stations Salyut, spacecraft Molniya-3, BOR, AMS Venus-16, spacecraft Prognoz, Soyuz-T, Horizon , "Hurricane", "Screen", "Eye", "Edge", the space station "MIR" and others.

In June 1995 the Cosmonaut Viktor Patsayev was withdrawn from the SCI OMER of the USSR Academy of Sciences and transferred to the Russian Space Agency. In June 2000 the ship came from St. Petersburg to Kaliningrad. In 2001, the ship was moored at the pier of the Museum of the World Ocean. On 04/23/2001 - opening of the first Space Odyssey exhibition on board; 5.11.2006 - opening of the Three Elements of the Star Flotilla exhibition; snf on 02/05/2010 the opening of the Creation of the World exhibition. To date, only one vessel remains from the entire IFF - Cosmonaut Viktor Patsayev, it stands in the port of Kaliningrad, at the pier of the Museum of the World Ocean. Sometimes it is involved in work on the ISS - it conducts periodic communication sessions. But it didnt go to sea, it was on a leash.



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Page last modified: 02-12-2019 17:59:22 ZULU