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Project 1918 Selena - Vytegrales / Morzhovets Class

These four ships of the Moon Flotilla were designed under Project 1918 (Selena = Selene = Moon) from timber ships of the Vytegrales series. In 1967, Space Flotilla received additional 4 motor ships - Borovichi, Nevel, Morzhovets, Kogostrov. They were built on the Northern Warf shipyard in Leningrad in 1966 as timber carriers but converted to support space communications under the project Selena. They were launched as research vessels with all necessary equipment in 1967 and often referred as small space flotilla or Selena ships. All four served for more than 20 years and completed 24 voyages.

These vessels made regular passages through the English Channel. They are similar to the Belyayev class in hull size and dimensions, but no tracking dishes are carried. Again, they are part of the Baltic Shipping Company fleet, with callsigns of UVAU, UKBH, UUYG, and UUYZ. All were built at the Zhadanov ship yard in Leningrad with the exception of the Kegostrov, constructed at the Vybord yard.

The tracking is performed through the three alt-azimuth mounts carrying 143 MHz VHF "Quad Ring" helicals, and 922 MHz Yagis, standard on all vessels, which are located on the mid-deck, with another two mounts to be found on the bridge wings. Only the mount located at the front of this deck handles voice communications, the rest being used for TTC.

The Borovichi is believed to have only two alt-azimuth mounts on its deck, one for 143 MHz use, and the other containing a five element helical quad array for telemetry reception; this antenna is designated "Quint Ring." Relay of voice communications is provided by a center-fed sloping dipole in the bow, two VHF whips and three omni discones on the main mast, and two long wire HF antennas slung between the main and mizzen masts.

The bridge area has a multitude of VHF whips and two HF whips, with the funnel sporting a MF direction finding loop. Either side of the mizzen mast is a lifeboat, and the feeds for the "Vee-Cone" periodic HF aerials, together with two pairs of HF whips and two self-righting, covered-in lifeboats. The mizzen mast itself has two "Don 2" radars, the "Vee-Cone" antennas, and two VHF dipoles mounted on spreaders, with an MF open spaced wire antenna sloping from the top of the mast to the base of the funnel.

After the collapse of the USSR, three large ships, the Gagarin, Korolev, and Komarov, were sold for scrap. Approximately at the same time, the Ministry of Defense transferred the remaining four ships of the Selena type to the NPO measuring equipment of the Russian Space Agency. They were decommissioned in 1989 and scrapped in the following year.

Ship List
YRD # Name Port Laid
Down
Launch Comm Decomm Notes
964 Borovichi 1967 1990 dismantled in Alang
811 Kegostrov 24 Apr
1967
1990 dismantled in Alang
# Morzhovets 21 Apr
1967
1990 dismantled in Alang
963 Nevel 1967 31 Jan
1990
dismantled in Alang

DesignProject 1918 Selena
Displacement, full 8,920 tons
Displacement, light tons
GT (Gross Tonnage) tons
NT (Net Tonnage) tons
DWT (Deadweight) tons
Length, O/A 121.9 meters / 400 feet
Length, W/L meters / feet
Length, B/P meters / feet
Max Beam16.7 meters / 54.8 feet
Draft6.8 meters / 22.3 feet
Height meters / feet
Propulsion Type diesel
Engines
Number of Main Engine(s)1
Main Engine builder Burmeister & Wain
Main Model
Main RPM
Main power 5,200 bhp
Propeller(s)1 shaft
Speed, maximum16 knots
Speed, Cruise Knots
Range nautical miles at knots
Stores endurance days
Electronics
Weapons Systems
Aviation none
Complement60

Project 1918 Selena Project 1918 Selena Project 1918 Selena Project 1918 Selena Project 1918 Selena Project 1918 Selena Project 1918 Selena Project 1918 Selena Project 1918 Selena Project 1918 Selena

Project 1918 Selena

Project 1918 Selena



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Page last modified: 02-12-2019 17:59:23 ZULU