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Project 1908 Akademik Sergey Korolev

The research vessel "Akademik Sergei Korolev" was built in Nikolaev in 1970. State flag of the USSR on the vessel is raised 26 December 1970. Port of Registry - Odessa. The first cruise of the ship set sail March 18, 1971. Since commissioning - from 1971 to 1990 (on 01.01.1991) "Academician Sergei Korolev" program carried out 20 expeditions flights lasting from three to ten months. A sail a total of nearly ten years, covered in oceans around half a million miles. Districts and maintenance field work largely coincided with the work of the NIS "Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin" - is, first and foremost, control and management of orbital complex "Salyut" and "Mir", automatic and manned facilities "Soyuz", "Progress" and other objects at their joining in orbital flight and landing.

The 21,500 ton Korolev was launched at Nikolayev in 1970 and was named after the director of the early Soviet space program. The 596 ft. tracking vessel has 2 dish type and 1 small radome type antennas. An older, much smaller ship, with a similar name, the Akademik Korolev, is an Akademik Kurchatov Class research ship assigned to Hydromet and is based in Vladivostok. The Akademik Sergei Korolev is based in Odessa, on the Black Sea. From September 1987 to February 1988, the Korolev was operating off Nova Scotia in support of the orbiting MIR space complex.

In 1968, the largest designer of the shipbuilding industry in the south of the country, the Nikolaev Central Design Bureau "Chernomorsudoproekt" and the Black Sea Shipbuilding Plant received an order from the Ministry of Defense for the design and construction of the spacecraft research vessel "Academician Sergey Korolev".

The vessel had an unusual architecture: on the superstructure in the middle of the hull and on the boat deck in the stern there were two huge parabolic antennas directed at the zenith (one for command-measuring system, the second for satellite communications) with a mirror diameter of 12 m. On the bow superstructure there was a small antenna command-measuring system with a mirror diameter of 2.1 m, covered by a radiolucent spherical shelter. There were many other antennas and communications.

In 1967, there was a gap between the completion of the Leningrad anti-submarine cruiser (RCC) and the construction of the next helicopter carrier. February 20, 1968 ChSZ had to lay this ship on the slipway "0". However, when considering technical project 1123.3 in December 1967, the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy S.G. Gorshkov suggested that SMEs develop instead of it a new project -1143 - for joint deployment of Yak-36M aircraft and Ka-25 helicopters. It took time to develop a new project, the laying of the ship could happen no earlier than 1970. Under these conditions, the plants management made a decision: to preserve the personnel involved in the construction of the first helicopter carriers Moscow and Leningrad to commission the construction of the space service vessel the team of builders OGS-1, headed by chief builder I.I. Vinnik. The senior builder of Academician Sergey Korolev was appointed I.N.Ovdienko.

The construction was carried out by the same workshops and the same design and technological departments of the plant, which participated in the construction of aircraft carriers. The chief designer of Academician Sergey Korolev, project 1908 (code "Canopus"), was the head of the Central Design Bureau "Chernomorsudoproekt" Sergei Mitrofanovich Kozlov. All design work was directly supervised by the deputy chief designer - Yuri Teodorovich Kamenetsky. The chief designer of Academician Sergey Korolev, project 1908 (code "Canopus"), was the head of the Central Design Bureau "Chernomorsudoproekt" Sergei Mitrofanovich Kozlov. All design work was directly supervised by the deputy chief designer - Yuri Teodorovich Kamenetsky. The chief designer of Academician Sergey Korolev, project 1908 (code "Canopus"), was the head of the Central Design Bureau "Chernomorsudoproekt" Sergei Mitrofanovich Kozlov. All design work was directly supervised by the deputy chief designer - Yuri Teodorovich Kamenetsky.

About 200 major developers and suppliers took part in the creation of the vessel: in Moscow, the Mezon and Rumb radio complexes, cryogenic equipment for radio receivers were developed; in Leningrad, slewing devices of powerful antenna systems were designed and manufactured; in Gorky, antenna mirrors were created. A new one was created. navigation complex with increased accuracy in determining the position of the vessel, necessary to perform trajectory measurements, etc.

At Academician Sergey Korolev, the design group of "special devices" was instructed to accompany the manufacture in the shops of the plant and the subsequent installation of the most important for this type of vessel - cryogenic system. With its help, the radio receiving electronic circuits were cooled to ultralow temperatures, due to which the electron velocity along the conductors was reduced and the electronic noise was reduced. This made it possible to isolate and amplify signals coming from space. Interdepartmental tests were created and passed experienced electro-hydraulic lifts developed by the Nikolaev Central Design Bureau "Progress" for maintenance of the most distant points of the mirror antenna systems.

The acceptance certificate of Academician Sergey Korolev was signed on December 28, 1970. It was noted that the ship was built in record time even for the Black Sea people, who repeatedly participated in solving the most diverse and complex tasks of national scale. Participants in those events still proudly recall the busy time when this unique ship was created. The wife of Sergei Pavlovich Korolev, Nina Ivanovna, and the astronauts Valery Fedorovich Bykovsky and Vladislav Nikolaevich Volkov arrived to sign the acceptance certificate at the plant.

On December 26, 1970 , the Soviet Union announced the addition to the fleet of the Soviet Academy of Sciences the space satellite control ship Akademik Sergey Korolev. It was described as the largest scientific research ship in the world, 182 meters long and displacing 21,250 metric tons. It was not further described, but was to set out on its maiden voyage early in 1971. (43) Details finally were forthcoming in September 1971. It was described as a Diesel-engined ship with single propeller, a speed of 17.5 knots, and carrying a crew of 300. It had a radome just aft of the bridge, and two fairly large parabolic dish antennas, one amidships, and the other near the stern.

The ship was described as having 28 suites of office, bedroom and bath for senior command staff, 34 single and 124 double cabins for crew and scientists. There was a gymnasium, two swimming pools (one enclosed), a library, reading room, and other cultural amenities. The ship had over 80 laboratories and dual air conditioning systems. The ship was active in the flights of Soyuz 10 and 11 serving as a link with Moscow via a Molniya satellite. It was built at Nikolayev on the Black Sea . With a range of 22,500 nautical miles, it was capable of 120 days of independent navigation without replenishment.

In 1970, in the space fleet included Scientific research-vatelskoe vessel "Akademik Sergei Korolev", named after the chief designer of rocket and space systems. The main dimensions of the vessel: the maximum length of 181,9m, maximum width 25.0 m, height of the board to the upper deck of 13.2 m Displacement with full stocks of 21 460 tonnes of sludge 7,9 m Main power plant with capacity of 12 000 liters... from. According to the ship full speed of 17.5 knots. Marine reserves:. Motor fuel - 3600 m -1700 m diesel fuel, lubricating oils - 117 m, water boiler - 147 m, water - 917t, of washing water - 483 m, provisions - 105 tons Fresh water can be replenished using desalination plant with capacity up to 20 tons per day. The cruising range of 22,500 miles, autonomy of up to 120 days. The composition of the crew of 120 people, 180 people of the expedition.

The vessel had two platforms - the first, second - and four decks - the main, upper, boat, deck superstructure. Transverse watertight bulkheads body was divided into fourteen sections. The vessel two add-ons - the bow and stern. In the forward superstructure placed the navigation bridge, the ship station, the officers' cabins and crew of the expedition, in the aft superstructure - transmitting radio center, cabins. Decks and platforms are interconnected by bridges and five freight elevators.

The main part of the expedition laboratories located on the main deck and the boat, on the decks of superstructures. Cabin crew and expedition are placed mainly in the bow superstructure on the main and upper decks.

The vessel has an unlimited area of navigation and high seaworthiness, to ensure safe navigation in all sea conditions. Bow thruster, which is equipped with a vessel, allows it to keep on course if it is held in a drift or at low speed. One propulsion thruster is a transverse channel, which intersects the ship's hull in the bow. Two other propeller (stern) are designed as steering columns, they can inform the ship speed up to 3 knots in addition to the rate control.

Space and service system multi-function command-measuring system is of the vessel is intended for the transmission of space objects command and control software for trajectory measurements (distance and radial velocity) for telemetric monitoring of the functioning of on-board equipment for two-way telegraph and telephone communication with the crews of manned space ships and space stations. Command-measuring system operates in the UHF. It consists of two parabolic antennas: antenna diameter of 2.1 m, mounted on the bow and superstructure encased in a radio transparent cover, and one of the antennas with a diameter of 12 m, set in the middle of the ship on deck on the first level-building. 12-meter parabolic antenna radiation pattern has a width of 26.0 meters - this is the main antenna command and measurement systems; small antenna diameter of 2.1 m performs support functions.

In addition to command-and-measurement system installed on board the individual stations for receiving telemetry data and for two-way telegraph and telephone communications with the astronauts. The antennas of these stations are located on the bow deck and superstructure at the stern of the boat deck.

The research vessel "Akademik Sergei Korolev", as well as other space fleet ships control space objects usually by a centralized scheme, when the teams are calculated and transmitted from the Mission Control Center, and ships are in transit. Available as a stand-alone control circuit, when the teams are calculated and sent into orbit from the vessel, but this mode is rarely used. Normal operation command and the measuring system is available in a wide range of weather conditions: wind speed of 20 m / s and waves of up to 7 balllov. Linking research vessel to the operating point in the ocean by means of dividing mestoopre-satellite system. There are other devices which provide additional navigational information. The accuracy is sufficient for all kinds of work, including the trajectory measurements. Keeping the vessel in the horizontal plane and the plane of the geographic meridian by using gyroscopic meters. The course, at the rate of yaw, angle rolling and pitching are issued up to 3 minutes. These values come in computers the to stabilize the antenna signals. There is a signal input from the opto-electronic devices that measure the deformation of the vessel under the influence of wind and waves.

The main line of multichannel communication research vessel with Mission Control Center goes through satellites "Lightning". For this purpose the second feed 12-meter antenna. All three parabolic antennas have a three-axle control and stabilized at the corners with sides, pitching and yawing. The antenna can be controlled by the operator of the laboratory manual control can also be performed automatically by the program, calculated on the computer or in the tracking mode for the radio signals coming from the satellite. In addition to the satellite communication system on board a vast complex of communication, working in the range of medium, short and ultra-short waves. Confident communication with the Mission Control Center is provided from any area of the ship sailing in the oceans. Antennas connected complex located on the foremast, mainmast, on the fore and aft superstructure. In total on board the vessel there were 50 antennas of different types and purposes.

The vessel has two mainframe computers, and more specialized systems. They process trajectory, telemetry and scientific data, carry out diverse computing operations necessary to prepare for sessions of communication and control ship for space systems during the sessions. Reception center service provides a single time in all laboratories timestamp and reference frequencies. Installed onboard equipment ensures the stability of the local timeline is not worse than 3x10 (-10). Control over the ship's command and measurement complex and centralized communication equipment. Total control room is equipped with a means of displaying information, control the operation of individual systems, placed in the laboratory, shipboard telephone and hands-free communication.

The total number of laboratories on the research vessel "Akademik Sergei Korolev" is equal to 85. The power equipment and marine systems. Home-energy-energy plant is located in the hold of the stern. Electricity general ship and expedition consumers provided seven diesel generators with a capacity of 100 kW. conditioning and ventilation system maintains a constant temperature in laboratories, residential and public areas with changing ambient air temperature range from - 30 to + 35 C. The vessel has a cryogenic plant that produces liquid nitrogen for cooling parametric amplifiers command-measuring system. Another unit is designed to cool the connected HF transmitter.

Crew members of the expedition and placed in single and double cabins. For leisure flights the participants use relaxation lounges, a library with a reading room, a gym, two swimming pools (indoor and outdoor). Wardroom is designed for 64 seats, dining room - 156 seats. On health care participants Cruise three specialist doctor and a paramedic. The medical unit consists of outpatient clinics, operating room, x-ray, physiotherapy and dental surgeries.

"Academician Sergei Korolev" participated in interplanetary missions programs of several stations like "Mars" and "Venus." In 1988, 7 and 12 July, with NIS 'Cosmonaut Georgy Dobrovolsky "and" Kegostrov "he controlled on telemetry channels including booster stages of carrier rockets with launch of two interplanetary probes such as" Phobos ". Working NIS point in the Atlantic Ocean have the coordinates, "Academician Sergei Korolev" - 33 C. w., at 16 . etc .; "Cosmonaut Georgy Dobrovolsky" - 6 S. w., 14 W. etc .; "Kegostrov" - 22 S. w., 24 W. d. Telemetry data after treatment were sent to the mission control center. Control and management of the flight of many other satellites and interplanetary probes were also carried out with the participation of RV "Akademik Sergei Korolev".

Despite the pompous statements that Ukraine is a space power, the space power did not have money for any kind of proper operation of two unique ships that could be built in the world of the country, whose quantity could be counted on the fingers of one hand. it turned out. Since 1991, Korolev and Gagarin were inactive, and in 1995, by decision of the State Property Fund of Ukraine, a tender was announced for the sale of these two ships. In 1996, they were sold for scrap to India, and in the winter of 19961997 were disposed of.

FlagUSSR Ukrainian
Named afterSergey Pavlovich Korolev
Class and type of vesselResearch
Port of registryOdessa
IMO Number7052284
ManufacturerBlack Sea Shipbuilding Plant , Nikolaev
CommissionedDecember 26, 1970
Withdrawn from the fleet1996
StatusDisposed of Main characteristics
Displacement21 500 t
Length181.9 m
Width18.2 m
Height13.2 m
Draft7.9 m
Speed17.5 knots
Autonomy120 days
researchers 188
Project 1908 Academician Sergei Korolev Project 1908 Academician Sergei Korolev Project 1908 Academician Sergei Korolev Project 1908 Academician Sergei Korolev Project 1908 Academician Sergei Korolev Project 1908 Academician Sergei Korolev Project 1908 Academician Sergei Korolev Project 1908 Academician Sergei Korolev Project 1908 Academician Sergei Korolev
Project 1908 Academician Sergei Korolev

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Page last modified: 02-12-2019 17:59:24 ZULU