Project 1234 Nanuchka class
Guided Missile Corvette
On request of the Naval Command the ship was fitted with reinforced strike missiles and anti-air defense facilities. To provide specified speed of 36 knots the unique power plant with total power of 30000 h.p. was made. For the moment of creation of the prototype model and the next series of ships of 1234 "Ovod" project there were no world analogues in respect of speed and combat qualities.
This heavily armed Small Missile Ship [Malyy Raketnyy Korabl' MRK] feature more gun and anti-air defense capabilities compared to previous Soviet missile ships. The remarkable amount of fire power and electronics mounted on such a small platform apparently was purchased at the price of poor sea-keeping characteristics. All Nanuchka I class ships are being scrapped, though it is difficult to establish how many remain operational, and in particular which units remain in service. Sources also disagree as to the allocation of some names amount sub-types [eg Veter and Zarya], and at least one unit was almost certainly renamed from Komsomolets Mordovy.
The ships of the project 1234 are intended for protection of sea communications, protection of escorts, struggle against the surface ships in coastal areas. For struggle against the surface ships there were six PU rockets "Malachite". For distribution target orders to a rocket complex there was a system of passive detection of the surface targets. The ships were armed PU ZUR "Osa" with ammunition of 20 rockets, six-guns 30-mm antiaircraft automatic device AK-630 (project 1234.1), 76-mm artillery installation AK-176 (project 1234.1) or 57-mm artillery installation AK-725 (project 1234). The power-plant of the ship consists of three diesel engines the common capacity 30 000 hp. which rotate three screws. The maximal speed is 34 units. Range of navigation with speed of 18 units makes 3500 miles. Despite of rather small displacement, the ship has high seaworthy qualities and ability to use the weapon at a condition of the sea of 5 points and speeds 24 units.
The heavily armed Small Missile corvette features more gun and zenith defense capabilities compared to previous missile ships. The remarkable amount of fire power and electronics mounted on such a small platform apparently was purchased at the price of poor sea-keeping characteristics. From 1969 there were built about 40 corvettes. Some of them were sold to Algeria, India, Libya, Syria. As of 2004 there were approximately 19 operational corvettes remaining with the Russian Navy.
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