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Project 10221 Kamchatka

An important condition for ensuring high combat readiness of the USSR Navy since the beginning of the 60s was the systematic reconnaissance of the forces of a potential enemy in all possible areas of its presence in peacetime. It was carried out with the aim of revealing a possible threat in advance of a probable adversary and developing an adequate response. After the widespread introduction of radio communications in the fleet, and then radar and sonar systems (i.e., radio engineering systems), the main source of information about a likely adversary was radio and radio engineering radiation. To conduct a systematic reconnaissance of these radiations in the areas where the potential naval forces are located, a system of reconnaissance ships of the USSR Navy began to be created.

The underwater lighting vehicle KAMCHATKA was part of the Dniester coastal hydroacoustic complex (BGAK) provided search for submarines in noise-bearing - up to 100 km, in echo-bearing - up to 400 km with an accuracy of 20 meters. Could work autonomously. A special vessel was designed and built as a carrier of the radiating antenna and the generator of the complex. The results of state tests of the SSSAC Dniester, which took place in 1993, exceeded all expectations.

The uniqueness of the vessel lay in the Dniester sonar system installed on its board. This GAS was part of the active-passive coastal sonar surveillance complex of the same name, which provides for the detection of sea targets at the far approaches to the Pacific coast of Russia. In the development of the Dniester, which was held in 1974-1993, Sevmash enterprise, Zvyozdochka, Polar Star, Dalzavod, Amur Shipbuilding Plant, Nikolaev Shipbuilding Plant, Khabarovsk Cable Plant, Tashkent Research Institute of Cable Industry, Central Research Institute participated Gidropribor, Central Design Bureau Vostok and many other enterprises of the country.

"Kamchatka" was built in Ukrainian Nikolaev (Black Sea Shipyard) on the basis of the hull of a freezing trawler of the "Pulkovo Meridian" type. Over the course of the past century more than 1000 vessels of various types and purposes were built at the Mykolayiv shipyard: destroyers, capital ships, submarines, cruisers, ice-breakers, tugs, whaling factory vessels, dry-cargo ships, research vessels, missile tender ships, submarine tender ships, floating workshops, RORO vessels, antisubmarine cruisers, supertrawlers - fish carriers, sea bottom research vessels, aircraft carriers, tankers as well as tens of thousands of machinery, mechanisms, boilers, equipment of widely differing purposes.

The development of the project was carried out by TsKB Vostok. To install the GAS Dniester, shipbuilders had to make serious changes to the design of the underwater part of the ship, as well as create a superstructure of a special configuration. Kamchatka was equipped with two 30 mm AK-630M artillery mounts and Igla MANPADS; the ships air group consisted of two helicopters located in the hangar.

The submarine lighting ship entered the fleet in 1986 under the number SSV-391. In 1990, the number changed to SSV-679, and in 1999 the ship was reclassified to an experimental vessel (OS) with hull number 215.

Two ships were manufactured for the USSR Navy in the hulls of Project 1288 trawlers - Kamchatka (Project 10221) and Dnieper (Project 12884). The only test vessel in the Russian Navy (underwater lighting ship) Kamchatka, project 10221, was withdrawn from the fleet in September 2014. For several years the ship had been standing motionless in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky at the pier of the Zavoyko Peninsula. In September 2015 the ship served as a target for missile firing and was sent for cutting. The second ship of this project was somehow completed already on a modified project for Ukraine. The ship "Dnieper" in 1993 was renamed "Slavutich" and is still part of the Naval Forces of Ukraine.

After an air-gas mixture explosion at the Almaz shipbuilding company in St. Petersburg on 11 April 2018, one person was killed and nine people were burned. About this RIA Novosti reported in the administration of the Petrograd district of the city. A gas cylinder exploded inside a project 10221 Kamchatka being restored. The injured received burns from an air-gas mixture explosion during paintwork in the hold. The information was also confirmed by a source in the emergency services of the region. He clarified that the accident occurred during the explosion of a gas cylinder on the experimental ship of the project 10221 Kamchatka being under restoration. This information was also confirmed in the Main Directorate of the Ministry for Emergencies in St. Petersburg and the SF Almaz. The repaired ship is in the workshop of a ship repair company, said TASS . Rescuers arrived at the scene eight minutes later. Most victims did not need hospitalization. They were allowed to go home after medical treatment. This report, widely attested, is a bit difficult to understand, since the vessel had previously been reported as having served as a target on the Pacific coast.





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Page last modified: 13-09-2021 17:22:07 ZULU