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Military


KDDG-X Joint Firepower Ship / Arsenal Ship

KDDG-X Joint Firepower Ship - Requirements

The Joint Firepower Ship project is a rather reduced version of the Arsenal ship canceled by the US Navy , and of course the same objections are inevitably raised. These are low survivability and high risk in case of sinking. While the Arsenal ship maximizes the missile containment function, it almost gives up its detection, air defense, and anti-submarine operational capabilities for open ships, so it almost lacks the ability to survive alone. The water area is not wide enough for these ships to maneuver, so they will always be pursued. Also, if even one ship is sunk, hundreds of missiles it was carrying would be lost at once, so the loss would be too great. The sinking of any ship is a huge loss, but a sudden drop in the firepower projection of the platoon by half or less is too risky because the operations and strategies based on it can become scraps of paper.

Arsenal Ships had a fierce rivalry between the fleet group and the aviation group, but it failed to fundamentally solve this problem, so it was abaandoned. In that case, it would be better to load a missile-equipped warship with a little more missiles, or to have a strategic nuclear submarine that can hide under the water and sometimes even operate alone for long periods of time [this option was chosen by the US Navy with conversion of four Ohio-class nuclear submarine]. Or there is a way to increase the size of the King Sejong-class destroyer and insert missiles according to the purpose, so there are still many people who are skeptical about the joint firepower.

In the 1990s, Russia already had a sort of Joint Firepower Ship in the Kirov-class nuclear cruiser. It can carry out operations alone, and in particular, can put a lot of missiles in it to carry out operations alone. It was a situation where there was no need to make a separate warship. Not only that, there is a saying that South Korea will build a Joint Firepower Ship right away, so the size and displacement of the King Sejong-class Aegis destroyer can be greatly increased with the money, and missiles suitable for the situation can be inserted as much as possible.

The situation is a little different for the South Korean Navy's Joint Firepower Ship. This is because , unlike the US Navy's Arsenal ship, which had to roam the five oceans and pour missiles into necessary places around the world, the short depth characteristic of the Korean peninsula's waters solves various shortcomings. Above all, the task itself is different. As far as the ROK Ministry of National Defense has stated, the joint firepower is intended to subdue the land target.

Moreover, since the depth of field is short, it is possible for a friendly Joint Firepower Ship to project fire and subdue North Korea's major missile bases before North Korea actively responds and sinks the Arsenal ship. The expected mission is completely different from the Arsenal ship, which has to deal with powerful anti-ship missiles in the East China Sea or the Persian Gulf. Of course, assuming friction with the Chinese and Japanese navy, a distributed lethality strategy like the US Navy should be applied, but for the South Korean military, it is more important to contain North Korea's strike force against South Korea than such possibilities.

North Korea has no long-distance naval search capability and long-range anti-ship attack capability, but no one knows how long this will last. North Korea is already equipped with anti-ship missiles of the 1990s, called the Goldsong 3, on its ships, and in an emergency, it is enough to find and attack joint firepower ships in the East Sea or West Sea by receiving information from Chinese or Russian maritime surveillance satellites or maritime patrol aircraft.

Also, the argument that it is good to collect them in safe waters is a very dangerous idea considering the power and range of missiles from North Korea and China, and if high-value targets are gathered in one place, the enemy will naturally attack them. In particular, North Korea, China's navigation satellite Beidou Navigation Satellite System and Russia's Glonass with the advantage of low-altitude gliding type flight of the KN-23 is very difficult to intercept if attacked.

The reason the ROK military wants to introduce a Joint Firepower Ship is because it has many missiles. This makes sense if the basket is already full of eggs and a new basket is needed. The South Korean military attaches great importance to strike power, and already has thousands of missiles and is still making them, making it difficult to store and operate. Large-scale fixed facilities capable of firing missiles are vulnerable to infiltration by enemy special operations forces or ballistic missile attacks, and selecting a military site and turning it into an underground base is too expensive compared to building a large ship. For solid missiles, the mobile launcher has higher survivability, but the mobile launcher is an expensive item that costs more than 2 billion won per vehicle, and it can only carry one or two missiles per vehicle, so it is not easy in reality in terms of human resources because it requires at least several hundred.

If so, it would be easier to manage, operate, and control the airspace if it is driven into a few ships and placed in a safe sea area. In other words, it means to build a ship that is written as a warship and read as a maritime missile base and deployed in a port or safe sea area. In North Korea, which is a major enemy, most of the main strike targets are within the range of the Hyeonmu-3 even if the Joint Firepower Ship is anchored at the Jinhae Naval Base. Considering the crossroads, there is no need to leave the port at all. The same is true for virtual enemies - Japan and China - that may emerge in the future. Therefore, the Joint Firepower Ship will be hiding on the safe coast of the Korean Peninsula even in wartime, and will receive the strong escort of the Marine Corps forces and ground air defense artillery that are already in place to protect the naval base.

Aegis ships and submarines will be escorted even when moving to the Wonhae in rare cases. so it is possible to compensate for the shortcomings of the lack of self-defense ability or the high risk of sinking. If the purpose is simply to evade North Korean submarines, it is enough to keep running at a high speed of 20 knots or more in the Wonhae Sea. With the exception of obsolete/obsolete Romeo-class submarines (and a handful of retrofitted versions), North Korea is building its underwater power primarily with submersibles with small hulls and small batteries. This is because it is difficult to navigate in the water at high speed, and the time to maintain high speed sailing is shorter.

The area under the jurisdiction of the Republic of Korea Navy is approximately 4.4 times the area of the land territory, so the firepower projected from the Joint Firepower Ship is free from airspace control issues within the territory of the Republic of Korea. Even if it is Japan, which has poor striking power, assuming a war with China, it is difficult for a ship standing still in a port to exert its power properly when considering the country's striking power. However, if it is against North Korea, it can serve as an axis of the kill chain as a missile base that cannot be easily suppressed.

In addition, the South Korean military has a weakness in that the launch pad is absolutely insufficient compared to the number of missiles it possesses. In fact, it is known that this is one of the main reasons for the construction of the Joint Firepower Ship, and that there is not only a shortage of fixed launchers, but also only mobile launchers ( TEL ). In a word, it is impossible to subdue the opponent by pouring all of this firepower at once. This inevitably poses a great difficulty when dealing with not only the Korean War against North Korea, where long-range artillery and ballistic missile bases must be suppressed at once, but also the neighboring powers with high air defense capabilities.

Compared to land bases, the Joint Firepower Ship has a strategic advantage in that it can move its position in case of emergency, and in addition, it will also relatively reduce the negative effects of public anxiety and facility rejection due to local selfishness that large ground military facilities may cause. This is because 'installation of a missile base' and 'arrival of a missile ship' are completely different in nature, even though they are of similar scale of operation.

Critics pointed out that the navy's manpower and budget are insufficient. Considering the size of the missiles planned to be mounted on the Joint Firepower Ship, this is not a plan of the navy's own, but a plan that is carried out with the consent or instructions of higher authorities such as the Ministry of National Defense or the National Assembly's National Defense Committee. The number of people that can be predicted through the size of the Joint Firepower Ship will not be 1,000 even if all three are used, and the administration and the National Assembly are making investments conscious of neighboring countries in the area of defense expenditure in the budget.

It can be compared to Japan's Aegis Ashore for those who insist on the usefulness of the Joint Firepower Ship (Arsenal Ship) . The difference is that the Aegis Ashore is a defensive device and the Joint Fire Force is an offensive device to launch multiple missiles at the enemy or enemy territory. Originally, Japan's Aegis Ashore was planned to be built on the ground, but residents near the construction site objected. If Japan's Aegis Ashore is a defense missile base afloat on the sea, the Joint Firepower Ship is a ballistic missile launcher afloat on the sea. Essentially, by making the land facility in the form of a naval vessel, the ability to move is only secondary. Therefore, it is normal for Joint Firepower Ships and Aegis Ashore not to operate like normal ships. A destroyer actively follows an enemy ship or defends against an enemy ship's front-line attack, but a Joint Firepower Ship is a 'floating missile base', and as it is natural that a ballistic missile launcher on the ground is not exposed to the front line, it is a Joint Firepower Ship.



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Page last modified: 09-03-2022 19:42:21 ZULU