Special Operations Command
Special Warfare Brigade
In July 1978 the Philippine Army created a unit to group together its special warfare elements. This new unit was called the Special Warfare Brigade. Initially under its command were the Home Defense Forces Group (Airborne), the 1st Scout Ranger Group, the Special Operations Group, and the 41st and 45th Infantry Battalions. In October 1978 the Philippine Army's Aviation Battalion was also assigned to the Special Warfare Brigade.
On 1 June 1983 the Special Warfare Brigade was disbanded. Its component units were reassigned to various elements of the Philippine Army. The Home Defense Forces Group was placed under the direct command of Headquarters, Philippine Army. The Scout Rangers, who saw their organization expanded into the 1st Scout Ranger Regiment, were also assigned to Headquarters, Philippine Army. The 3 companies of the Special Operations Group became separate companies in the 1st Scout Ranger Regiment. The 41st and 45th Infantry Battalions were inactivated and their personnel converted into battalions of the new Scout Ranger Regiment. The units were subsequently reactivated and reorganized, assigned to the 5th Infantry Division as regular infantry units. The Aviation Battalion was eventually reassigned to the Philippine Army's Light Armor Regiment (subsequently the Light Armor Brigade and Light Armor Division).
On 1 June 1996, the Philippine Army activated another unit to group together its special warfare community, called the Special Operations Command. Based at Fort Magsaysay, Palayan City, Nueva Ecija, SOCOM included the 1st Special Operations Regiment (Airborne) and the 1st Scout Ranger Regiment. Reflecting the push for civil-military cooperation in counter-insurgency operations, the Civil Affairs Group was also an organic part of SOCOM.
In 1999 the Civil Affairs Group was removed from SOCOM and placed under the command of Headquarters, Philippine Army. In May 2000, the Light Reaction Company (subsequently the Light Reaction Battalion) was activated, providing a dedicated counter-terrorism and quick response unit.
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