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Philippines Coast Guard

Philippines Coast Guard is the country's oldest and only humanitarian armed group. Its origins can be traced back to the early 20th century, the first Coast Guard is responsible for the safety and security of Customs, the country's coastline and ports. In 1898, after the U.S. occupation of the Philippines, the military government first opened the Manila port and customs. October 17, 1901 by the Philippine government committee developed a special law, the establishment of the Coast Guard and Transport Bureau, under the Ministry of Commerce and the Police. October 16, 1905, the Coast Guard and Transport Bureau was revoked, its operations by the Maritime Bureau. December 19, 1913, the Bureau of Navigation is divided into two separate business bureau, that the Bureau of Customs, Bureau of Public Affairs, which continued until the federal period architecture.

July 4, 1946, after the Philippines gained independence, the government will work some of the Coast Guard sector transferred to the Philippine Navy patrol. October 10, 1967, the Philippine Congress enacted Republic Act No. 5173 (also known as "the Philippine Coast Guard Law"), owned by the Navy formally established the Philippine Coast Guard jurisdiction. Meanwhile, the Coast Guard functions were transferred to work again the Philippine Coast Guard. Due to the nature of the Coast Guard civilian job functions, March 30, 1998 the Coast Guard is separated from the Navy out. Currently, the Philippine Coast Guard, following the Philippine armed forces, the Philippine National Police Force third branch of the armed forces.

In accordance with "International Convention on safety of life at sea," the Philippine Coast Guard is responsible for maritime search and rescue work throughout the country. Coast Guard operations center set up at the Philippine Coast Guard headquarters in Manila, responsible for coordinating the work of the national search and rescue operations.

53 Coast Guard in the country has a maritime search and rescue stations group, these groups continuously 24 hours a day on the area to be monitored. In addition, each station has a coast guard reinforcements team to ensure timely reinforcements arrived when needed. Meanwhile, in each Coast Guard Coast Guard District has a special operations group, when the emergency situation can occur for the first time to participate in maritime search and rescue operations.

Philippine Coast Guard, as maritime law enforcement agency is responsible for combating marine theft, smuggling, illegal fishing, illegal immigration and other criminal acts. In addition, in June 2004, the Philippine Coast Guard and the Philippine National Police is also armed forces to jointly responsible for the port, maritime counter-terrorism efforts. The Philippines is a signatory to the 1973, "World Maritime Organization conventions," 1978 marine pollution regulations. According to Presidential Decree No. 600, the Philippines, the Philippine Coast Guard is the only responsible for marine pollution regulators in the Philippines. In recent years, the Philippine Coast Guard established the first laboratory and identification of marine oil pollution identification system.

Philippine Coast Guard also monitored guarding foreign vessels entering Philippine ports first door. Currently, a total of seven Philippine ports and 15 ports control centers control department. In addition, the Philippine Coast Guard vessels also charged with the management of the country, mainly in ship safety inspection, control of dangerous goods and marine accident investigation work.

Philippine Coast Guard commander is the highest officer of the Guard, with two deputy commanders to assist the commander, responsible for the daily management and business operations work. Under the command of the Leading Group Office of the Leading Group Office of the Chief Executive, a total of 12, set up a director. Philippine Coast Guard Action in the Philippines Coast Guard Action Group, marine environmental protection group, the Coast Guard Training Group, Naval Support Unit, the National Oil Pollution Action Center.

In addition, in order to better serve the Philippines 10 commercial shipping center, the Philippine Coast Guard is divided into 10 coastal national police area, Coast Guard operations department is responsible for the routine work of the various business areas.

With the economic development of the Philippines Marine, Coast Guard personnel also increasing, the challenge is also changing. Coast Guard primarily for social recruiting recent college graduates, mainly be focused on training marine search and rescue, marine environmental protection and marine safety management and other aspects. The Coast Guard also sent annually to the outstanding talent of Ocean University of Malmo, Switzerland, Canada, Dalhousie University master's degree. In addition, the Philippine Coast Guard also carried out close exchanges and maritime business dealings with China, Japan, Italy and other countries.

The Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) had a total strength of 3,138 officers and men in 2001. The PCG is planning to beef up its manpower to 9,177 men due to its massive ship acquisition program. In fact, the Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo ordered the transfer of 2,000 men of the Philippine National Police(PNP) Maritime Command(MARICOM) in mid-2002 to the operational control of the PCG to relieve an impending manpower shortage brought about by the ship acquisition program of the PCG.

By 2001 twenty (20) ships and boats were undergoing construction (14 in Spain, and 6 in Australia) with another 12 ships under negotiation with Japan. These were slated for delivery starting December 2002, and one ship every month thereafter until 2005. The ships were equipped with high-tech radar, helicopter decks and 30mm double-barrel automatic cannons.

The rapid expansion of the PCG in terms of ships, and men caused changes in its organizational setup. Certainly, this is evident in the upgrading of the rank of the PCG commander from Rear Admiral to Vice-Admiral which, coincidentally is also the same rank as the Philippine Navy(PN) commander. This led to speculations that the PCG is a parallel back-up force of the PN. In reality, there is no need to speculate because, indeed, the PCG is the back-up force. The PCG operates under the Department of Transportation and Communication(DOTC) during peacetime, and reverts to the Department of Defense(DND) during wartime. This is embodied in Executive order 477 of former President Fidel Ramos. The PCG remains a major subordinate unit of the Philippine Navy by virtue of Sec 54 , Chapter 8, Subtitle II, Title VIII Book IV, of EO 292 dated 25 July 1987, otherwise known as the " Administrative Code of 1987:, and assigned functions pertaining to the promotion. of safety, of the life at sea and protection of the marine environment.

Executive Order No. 475 of March 30, 1998, transferred the PCG from the Philippine Navy, Armed Forces of the Philippines, Department of National Defense to the Office of the President. The PCG continued to be the agency primarily responsible for the promotion of safety of life at sea and the protection of the marine environment pursuant to the provisions or RA 5173, PD 600, PD 601, PD 602, PD 979 as amended.

On 20 December 1987, the horribly overcrowded Dona Paz ferry collided with the MV Vector oil tanker in the waters of the Tablas Strait, killing 4375 people. The disaster exposed the sad condition of the Philippines Coast Guard. A year later, a Philippines government inquiry recommended that a new fleet of search-and-rescue vessels be acquired.

In the late 1990s, Japan gave the PCG a search-and-rescue vessel that the agency named BRP Corregidor. The ship was one of two Philippine vessels that faced off with Chinese ships at Panatag Shoal (Scarborough Shoal) in the West Philippine Sea (South China Sea) between April and June 2012.

In 1998 Tenix won a contracat to supply two search-and-rescue vessels to the Philippines. The Australian government would fund most of the project through a grant and a low-interest loan. In 2000, Tenix signed a contract for the delivery of another six search and rescue vessels, with a further 10 ships to come in a third order [this third batch did not materialize].

TENIX constructed four 35 Meter Search and Rescue Vessels for the Philippine Coast Guard. The vessels were constructed at TENIXs yard at Henderson, Western Australia alongside the four 56 Meter vessels already being built there. These 35 Meter vessels are ideally suited to the archipelagic waters of the Philippines, with combined twin screws and water-jet drive. In March 2012, the Australian Federal Police were investigating whether Tenix's dealings in the Philippines, and elsewhere in Asia, included illegal bribes and donations to politicians and officials.

On 30 October 2012, it was announced that the Philippines would buy five patrol boats from France for approximately 90 million euros ($116 million). Rear Admiral Luis Tuason, chief of the coastguard, said one 82-metre (271-foot) ship and four 24-metre (79-foot) patrol craft would be delivered by 2014.

The Coast Guard will acquire the French P400 class patrol boat "La Tapaguese" worth 6 million euros. Coast Guard commandant Rear Admiral Rodolfo Isorena said the procurement of 54.8-meter French Navy vessel La Tapageuse to boost its capability for maritime search and rescue operations, maritime law enforcement, maritime safety, maritime environmental protection and maritime security."This French vessel is multi-functional and it would be a major contribution to our fleet. Unlike other vessels that are more appropriate for (Search and Rescue) operations, this soon-to-be latest addition was made for sovereignty patrol and law enforcement", Isorena said. He added the vessel will be deployed to places like the West Philippine Sea, Northern Luzon, and Southern Mindanao. The Tapaguese has a built-in 40-millimeter anti-aircraft gun, a 20-millimeter anti-aircraft cannon, and two 7.62-millimeter machine guns. While the vessel is already 26 years old, it was thoroughly inspected last year and it was assessed to have another 20 years of usage yet.

By September 2013 PCG acquisition efforts included the acquisition of ten (10) 40-meter Multi Role Response Vessels from Japan, one (1) 54-meter pre-owned naval vessel from France, and seven (7) Bell helicopters. Also in the pipeline is the procurement of four (4) 24-meter fast patrol boats and one (1) 82-meter offshore patrol vessel. Additionally, the PCG is already in the process of acquiring more equipment purposely for use during disaster relief and emergency response operations with a target acquisition of ninety (90) rubber boats, eighty (80) rigid-hulled inflatable boats (RHIB), three hundred (300) aluminum-hulled rescue boats and six (6) jet ski personal watercraft units.

By July 2013 the Philippine Coast Guard expected to wrap up talks with the Japan International Cooperation Agency [JICA] within the next few months for the acquisition of 10 brand-new patrol boats from Japan in late 2014 or early 2015. The two sides have agreed that all 10 patrol boats will be 40 meters (131 feet) long. But they are still talking about other specifications. The JICA proposed that five of the vessels be built in the Philippines and the five others in Japan, but the Coast Guard prefers that all 10 patrol boats be built in Japan. Established in 1974, the JICA is the primary Japanese government agency engaged in technical cooperation and other forms of aid promoting socio-economic development in developing countries. The patrol boats that Japan planned to donate to the Philippines cost $11 million (about P473 million) each.

The Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) will have 10 more vessels in its fleet in order to fulfill its mandate to protect the countrys territorial waters in the wake of a maritime row with China, President Aquino said December 16, 2013. Aquino said he expects that after the bidding process, the first shipment of the newly acquired 40-meter multi-purpose vessels will arrive in the country in 2015. The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) lent the Philippines P7.94 billion to upgrade the Philippine Coast Guard's fleet.

The Commission on Audit said in a report December 9, 2013 that the PCG had 14 ships and 33 boats but little more than half the fleet is considered Ready For Sea. Only eight ships and 21 boats in the Philippine Coast Guard's fleet were seaworthy, with 40 percent of its assets reduced to floating scrap metal that are considered beyond repair. The unserviceable floating assetsare already beyond economical repair. These are just left in piers and (are) a burden to PCG because personnel need to be assigned in the area to guard them, COA said in the report.

Australia's Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) Maritime Disaster Response Helicopter Acquisition Project involves the procurement of seven Maritime Disaster Response (MDR) helicopters for Philippine Coast Guard to strengthen and expand their MDR capabilities during maritime incidents and natural disasters and calamities. The project will also involve the training of pilots and technical crew, procurement of mission equipment, procurement of maintenance tools and spare parts for five years, and the construction of hangers for the helicopters and offices for the pilots and technical crew.

China Coast Guard Equipment

1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2014 2015 2020 2025 2030
Personnel ,000 - - - - - - - - - -
Active -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Reserve -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Vessels Source Tons Year Inventory
TOTAL 8 8 6 13 13 13 11 21 21 21
Search and Rescue 1 1 2 9 9 9 10 20 20 20
82-meter OPV TBD 1,000 201x - - - - - - - 1 1 1
40 meter JP 200 2015 - - - - - - 1 10 10 10
53 meter P400 La Tapageuse FR 375 1986/2014 - - - - - - 1 1 1 1
Ilocos Norte Tenix 35m SAR AU 120 2003 - - - 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
San Juan Tenix 56m SAR AU 540 2000 - - 1 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Bessang Pass Bessang Pass JP 275 1977 1 1 1 1 1 1 - - - -
Navigational aid tender 2 2 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1
Corregidor Corregidor JP 1,130 1998 - - 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Kalinga WLB-398 USA 1,025 1945/72 1 1 1 1 1 1 - - - -
Limasawa WAK-169 USA 935 1945/68 1 1 1 1 1 1 - - - -
Patrol craft [over 100 tons] 5 5 1 1 1 1 - - - -
Palawan PGM-39 USA 118 196x/ 5 5 1 1 1 1 - - - -

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