1965-9 - Chronology
- May 1965: OPM members arrested in Bird’s Head region following attempted raisings of the Papuan flag. In Biak, Papuan rebels are reported to have attacked Shell Oil Company installations.
- 26 July 1965: Papuan government employees attack and kill a number of Indonesian soldiers during an illegal Papuan flag raising ceremony.
- 28 July 1965: OPM-leader Frits Awom leads an attack of ‘several hundred’ Papuans against army barracks in the Manokwari.
- 4 August 1965: Indonesia launches Operation Sadar - the first Indonesian military counter-insurgency operation.
- 12 August 1965: A battalion of the Indonesian army parachute commando regiment is flown to Biak from Jakarta in response to Papuan unrest.
- January 1967: Indonesian military aircraft strafe Manokwari town. The Indonesian government later explains that this was in response to Frits Awom declaring a ‘free Papuan state’. Indonesia also admits that forty Papuans were killed in the attack.
- 1967: Throughout the year Papuan armed rebellion continues, particularly in the Bird’s Head region.
- Mid-June 1968: An Indonesian combat force is sent to West Irian from South Celebes in response to continued armed Papuan rebellion.
- 12 August 1968: Jakarta announces that in recent military operations in West Irian 162 Papuan rebels have been killed and 3,200 surrendered.
- 1 November 1968: Leaflets signed by Sarwo Edhie, military commander for West Irian, are distributed around the Bird’s Head peninsula calling for rebels to surrender by 1 December.
- 1 December 1968: Indonesian military launches another offensive in the Bird’s Head Peninsula.
- Mid-January 1969: Rebellion on Bird’s Head erupts again
- Mid-April 1969: Wide-scale rebellions erupt in Western Central Highlands. Ninety armed Papuan policemen mutiny and join the rebels.
- 30 April 1969: Indonesian paratroops dropped into rebel held areas. Approximately 14,000 locals are reported to have fled into the bush.
- April/May 1969: Indonesian troops cross into TPNG in pursuit of West Papuan refugees, killing two.
- 1 May 1969: 300 Papuans demonstrate in Arso and raise the West Papuan flag. Two demonstrators are shot by Indonesian security forces.
- 1 July 1969: Renewed rebellion in Western Central Highlands involving Ekari tribesmen.
On 19 November 1969, the UNGA voted by 84 to none with 30 abstentions to pass a resolution which “takes note of the report of the Secretary-General and acknowledges with appreciation the fulfilment by the Secretary-General and his representative of the tasks entrusted to them under the Agreement of 15 August 1962 between the Republic of Indonesia and the Kingdom of the Netherlands concerning West New guinea (West Irian)”.
West Papua became the 26th province of the Republic of Indonesia.
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