RSMA NC - Régiment du Service Militaire Adapté en Nouvelle-Calédonie
The New Caledonian Military Service Regiment (RSMA-NC) was created in 1961 in the West Indies and Guyana on the initiative of General Nemo. Since then, it has continued to evolve and is now present throughout the French overseas territories. A detachment is also located in Périgueux.
The Adapted Military Service Detachment (DSMA) was created in 1986 in Koumac, a small bush town in the north of New Caledonia, which has nearly 2700 inhabitants. In 1992, an extension was created in Koné, administrative capital of the North Province. The choice of two sites, Koumac and Koné, very far from Noumea, marks the will of the State to participate in the economic development of the Territory and the rebalancing between the North Province and the South Province. In 1995, the DSMA formed a body and then included two companies. The 1 st Professional Training Company (1 st PSC) trains students in the agricultural and construction and, together with the General Staff, the central portion. The 2 nd Vocational Training Company (2th PSC), meanwhile, is specialized in finishing work on construction. It was in 1996 that the DSMA changed its name and became the New Caledonian Military Service Group.
The transition to volunteering in 1998 was a success. It is the result of an adapted communication policy and an excellent image of the SMA. On July 26, 2011, as part of "SMA 6000", the rise of the Adapted Military Service decided by the President of the Republic, a new unit is created. It is the company of Command of Training Professional and Logistics (CCFPL) stationed in Koumac. In the perspective of the development projects that New Caledonia is already experiencing, the Groupement is continuing its work to best meet the needs of vocational training.
Finally, on July 1, 2012, as part of the SMA 6000 plan, the GSMA becomes Regiment of the ADM of New Caledonia (RSMA-NC) and receives its own flag. The objective of the regiment is to increase its workforce until reaching the figure of 575 beneficiaries by 2017.
The main mission of the RSMA-NC is to train and facilitate the insertion into the workforce of young Caledonians who have left the education system without qualifications. In parallel, the group provides two types of training, which is the originality and interest of our vocational training center: a military training and citizen first, aiming at the acquisition of a "social competence", and vocational training qualifying or pre-qualifying for the acquisition of a "professional competence" in areas with strong opportunities.
Development aid is translated into implementation projects for the benefit of communities (municipalities, associations, tribes). These projects are an opportunity for young trainees to put into practice and, in a concrete way, the knowledge acquired during vocational training. They also allow young people to become known and valued in the eyes of the old by achievements benefiting all.
As a military unit, the RSMA-NC is intended to intervene on the orders of the General Commander of the Armed Forces in New Caledonia (FANC), during the implementation of the relief and assistance plans for the populations, especially during natural disasters or on request for assistance or requisition of the High Commission of the Republic. However, since the RSMA-NC is not armed, like the civil protection units, it can not act within the framework of the defense and protection plans.
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