New Zealand Army
The Chief of Army (CA) commands the Army. The Army General Staff, as part of HQ NZDF, supports the CA in prescribing the Army's structural and operational capabilities, measuring the preparedness of those capabilities, directing training activities, and managing Army personnel and resources. In addition, the Logistic Executive, based at Trentham but part of Army General Staff, manages the Army's equipment, works requirements, and all maintenance.
The Land Combat Forces, consist of command, control and intelligence elements, and infantry, and reconnaissance force elements, mounted in Light Armoured Vehicles and Light Operational Vehicles. These forces are drawn from 2 Land Force Group and 3 Land Force Group and are prepared to conduct land operations. These forces are available to provide a range of contributions up to a battalion group (as in Timor Leste) or to contribute individual force elements to a peace support operation or a coalition force.
The Land Combat Support Forces, consist of artillery, engineers and communications force elements, drawn from 2 Land Force Group and 3 Land Force Group and are prepared to conduct land operations in support of the Land Combat Forces.
The Land Combat Service Support Forces, consist of transport, movements, medical, supply, repair and recovery and military police force elements, and are drawn from 2 Land Force Group and 3 Land Force Group and are prepared to conduct land operations in support of the Land Combat and Land Combat Support Forces.
There are other specialist tasks that are undertaken by Army which include: The 1st NZ Special Air Service (SAS) Group, which is prepared to conduct specialised forces tasks in support of land operations, including: Strategic reconnaissance and direct action tasks in support of coalition operations; Counter-terrorist operations in New Zealand or in the South Pacific when requested; and The disposal of improvised explosive devices and the neutralisation of chemical, biological and radiological explosive devices within New Zealand. The New Zealand Army is a professional organisation of dedicated and loyal New Zealanders who are highly trained and well equipped to meet the challenges in the world today. The unique culture of the New Zealand Army has been shaped and defined by a range of complementary influences. These include the martial traditions of the British soldier and the Maori warrior; our history, heritage and experience of war; and the characteristics of wider New Zealand society.
NZ Army personnel come from all over New Zealand and are from all ethnic groups and all walks of life. We are highly practical, versatile and resourceful people. The Regular Force, make up the majority of our numbers and make the NZ Army their career. The Territorial Force continues the tradition of part-time soldiering and have the best of both worlds. The civilian staff support NZ Army activities at all levels, often bringing specialist expertise and performing a wide range of functions to enhance overall defence capabilities.
The Royal NZ Infantry is comprised of highly trained soldiers ready to fight in any type of country under any conditions. They can move on foot, by vehicle, NZLAV or helicopter. The Royal NZ Armoured Corps operates the Army's armoured vehicles. Its reconnaissance unit gains combat intelligence, while its NZLAV units provides secure and rapid movement of the infantry. The Royal NZ Artillery is responsible for large calibre guns, radar and air defence, demanding skills in ballistics, meteorology, aerodynamics and surveying.
The Corps of Royal NZ Engineers provides obstacles to hinder enemy movement and assists with the movement of our own troops. The Engineers are also the Army's builders and can construct roads, airfields, buildings, wharves and water wells. They are the Army specialists in mine warfare and have developed an expertise in training 'de-miners'. The Royal NZ Corps of Signals provides, co-ordinates and operates the Army's communication network, nationally and internationally. Army signallers operate high-powered multi-channel radio and automatic telephone equipment and IT systems, in addition to radios used by the rest of the Army.
The Royal NZ Military Police are responsible for policing the Army at home and overseas, MPs also provide VIP protection, convoy escorts, and traffic control. The NZSAS provide special-forces support to NZDF operations, including deep reconnaissance and counter terrorist support. The NZ Intelligence Corps analyses information from a variety of sources and provides commanders with intelligence on such things as enemy locations, capabilities and intentions.
The Logistics Regiment has three roles; first, it supplies everything the Army needs to do its job including food, cooks, ammunition, fuel, tents and all stores; secondly, it moves those stores and any necessary people to where they are required; and thirdly, should any equipment get damaged, it recovers and repairs it. The Medical Corps promotes health and disease prevention, and provides care for the wounded and sick. This corps works with members of the Royal NZ Army Nursing Corps and the Royal NZ Army Dental Corps. The NZ Army Physical Training Corps provides programs and activities to maintain fitness levels and build confidence among Army personnel.
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