Myanmar - Shipbuilding Industry
As Myanmar is located at the strategic area of South East Asia, the port and the related industry of ship building are inevitably and strategicly important ones for Myanmar. But in contrast to some other regional neightbors, Myanmar's shipbulding industry is generally underdeveloped. Myanmar has made certain progress in ship building in the past decade with the encouragement of the government. Since 1995, the Myanma shipyard has successfully built and delivered six vessels to marine companies of Indonesia and Singapore. Official statistics show that since 1988, Myanmar has built over 30 vessels for cargo and passenger services and imported over 100 passenger and cargo vessels to improve its inland water transport.
Until recently Myanmar's domestic shipbuoding industry had provided the Navy with little more than speedboats and light ampibious craft. The Naval Dockyard in Yangon as well as other local shipbuilding companies had by 2013 produced two Aung Zeya class frigates (here), two Anawratha class corvette, the Five series class FAC, the 412 class coastal patrol craft, Yan Naing and PCE class river patrol craft, LCU, LCM as well as coastal craft.
There is frequently some ambiguity in maritime facitlies between physical plants and administrative institutions, and there is not always a clear one-to-one walk across. And these relationships can change over time, and institutiona and facilities develop. Myanmar is and has not been the most transparent society, and the countrys modest shipbuilding industry is not well characterized in the open literature. Myanmar Naval Dockyard [aka Sinmalaik], Thilawa shipyard, and Myanma Shipyards are separately attested, but one cannot escape the nagging suspicion that these are all one and the same, more or less.
Myanmar Naval Dockyard / Sinmalaik
Burma’s leaders were faced with continuing arms embargoes by their traditional suppliers, and the perceived need to acquire even more weapons for the armed forces, developed a local shipbuilding capability with the aid of China. Near the end of the 1990s, the Sinmalaik Shipyard located in Rangoon, purchased three Chinese hulls, and fittedthem out as corvettes in Yangon's Sinmalaik shipyard. These 77m-long and 1105-ton displacement corvette gave the Myanmar Navy for the first time a helicopter deck-equipped vessel and an overall ship design that was poised to take the fleet beyond the territorial waters into the country’s EEZ. Three of theee corvettes were built at Rangoon’s Sinmalaik shipyard. Israel's main role in fitting out the three corvettes was apparently to provide their electronics suites. Myanmar also managed to build its own frigates, known as Aung Zeya class frigate, built by Myanmar Naval Dockyard starting in 2008.
The Thilawa shipyard, contracted and built by the China National Constructional and Agricultural Machinery Import and Export Co (CAMC), was formally delivered to Myanmar for service in February 2002 after completion of its first phase of construction in three years. The first phase of the Thilawa shipyard project, located 25 kilometers south of Yangon, covers a land of 300,000 square-meters.The Chinese side was responsible for the project design, supply of equipment, installation, technical supervision and training, whilethe Myanmar side only undertook the civil construction.
The project is the biggest and most comprehensive one in Myanmar contracted and built by China. The first phase of the Thilawa shipyard project possesses a production capacity of manufacturing five and repairing 50 ships ayear. With advanced technological process and complete accessory, the shipyard's technological standard and degree of modernization ranked first in Myanmar.
Inland Water Transport
Ministry of Transport (MOT) plays vital role in shipbuilding sector of Myanmar. Under the Ministry of Transport, Myanma Shipyard and Inland Water Transport are two major Shipbuilding and Ship Repair Departments in Myanmar. Dockyard of Inland Water Transport includes Dalla dockyard, Ahlone dockyard, Mandalay dockyard, Thanlwin dockyard, Sittwe dockyard, Chindwin dockyard. These dockyards are carrying out ship construction, Ship Repair and Maintenance for Inland water vessels. Most constructed ships are barges, tugs, self-propulsion barges and shallow draft vessels.
Beginning from 1850, steam vessels, stern wheeler and paddle steamer were widely used in Ayerwaddy and Chindwin rivers. After independence of the country, diesel engines with propeller propulsion came into use for the first time and it was found difficult to use propellers in shallow water regions. Moreover, damaging of propellers, difficulty in propellerdesigns were inevitably unavoidable. Nowadays, vessels designed for shallow water were purchased from People’s Republic of China and were put into use. However, due to the lack of real data of Ayerwaddy and Chindwin Rivers, these vessels were constructed mainly based on the data of Yangtze river. Therefore, problems such as overload of engine, damage of propeller and propeller shafts, and frequent replacement of propeller shaft bearings have often to be encountered and after all, these vessels are out of running condition for about four months each year.
Myanma Shipyards was established in 1970 as a ship repair yard. The shipyard construction was started in 1964 and completed in 1969. Board of Sinmalike Dockyard Administration for Union of Burma was established in 1970 , to operate it as a ship repair yard for government owned vessels. In 1972, it was first reformed as the Burma Dockyards Corporation (BDC). From 1976, the Burma Dockyards Corporation was mandated to operate commercially serving both the public and private sectors. The Government decided to reconstitute the Burma Dockyards Corporation (BDC) and Myanma Shipyards (MS) was formed as an enterprise on 31st March, 1989. Myanma Shipyards has been capable of handling to repair the various types of ocean going vessel of up to 12000 dwt since early 2005.
In 1981 Yard Area was on 161.554 Acres on the Hlaing River Bank, Simalike, Kamayut Township. Function of Myanma Shipyards are Shipbuilding, Ship repairing, Steel Fabrication and GeneralEngineering. It was upgraded to encompass shipbuilding. It is a Government owned commercial enterprise under the Ministry of Transport and caters to both the public andprivate sectors of the marine industry in Myanmar.
Myanma Shipyard has four major departments. They are Technical Planning & DesignDepartment, Production Department, Finance Department and General AdministrationDepartment. Production department included Ship construction Division, Ship Repairs andGeneral Engineering Division and 12000 DWT Dry Dock. Each Department had a Head of Department and they have to report Managing Director.
Myanma shipyard is the most modern shipyard in Myanmar with many Facilities andEquipments. These facilities are Outfitting Quay, Lock Gate, Basin, River Jetty, MaterialHandling Facilities, Mobile Crane, Portal Crane, Overhead Crane , Container Carrier ,Weldment Block and Heavy Transporter . Slipway capacities are 2500 DWT 2 NOS, 700DWT 4 NOS and 350 DWT 6 NOS. Capabilities of Shipbuilding and Ship Repair are alltypes of Craft up to 2500 Ton.
According to the 2001-2002 Fiscal Year, balance of work/revenue of Myanma shipyard are241.229 Million Kyats in ship construction, 38.5 Million Kyats in Ship Repairs, 29.629Millioin Kyats in General Engineering , 25.222 Million Kyats in Acetylene Gas and 10.146Million Kyats in others.
As per March 31, 2002, the numbers of employees are Management & Engineers 65 persons, Technical Planning & Design 62 persons, Production 8 persons, Finance 33 persons, General Administration 37 persons, Ship Construction Division 225 persons and Ship Repairs & General Engineering Division 210 persons.
Myanma Shipyards’ market is in the South East Asia region and it has many significant ships.For example, the Pollution Control Vessel was built for P.T Cumawis Ltd of Indonesia andthe 20 knots - 33 meter Custom Patrol Boats built for the Myanma Customs Department. Myanma Shipyards is capable of building vessels to highest Lloyds and ABS Class Rules.
By late 2012 the Ministry of Transport was planning to establish a joint venture in shipbuilding with the private sector to create jobs, increase investments, and productivity. It planned to initially produce 5 ships with a capacity of 3,550 tonnes each and 2 ships of 6,500 tonnes, followed later by 5 ships of 12,500 tonnes along with the repairing and revamp of 3 ships of 3,000 tonnes capacity each, followed by 4 ships of 12,500 tonnes each. The ministry said the private company can expect the revenue of US$4mn to US$105mn with in ten years with a net profit of US$1mn to US$10mn. The revenue of U$4.3mn and a profit of US$1.1mn was said to have been generated by state - owned Myanma Shipbuilding in the current fiscal year. Director of the Shipbuilding Department disclosed a joint venture agreement with Dong A Shipbuilding Industry JSC of Viet nam, which was waiting for approval from Myanmar Investment Commission MIC. The Vietnamese company would hold minority stake of 49% and investment capital of US$81mn. The project was expected to be in operation by 2013.
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