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Myanmar - Ukraine Relations

Despite the rather superficial interstate relations between Ukraine and Myanmar, cooperation between them in the field of defense has been flourishing throughout the period of Ukrainian independence, and in recent years has even reached a new level of quality. Ukraine's consulate in Yangon is the sole Ukrainian representation in Myanmar. Myanmar does not currently have an embassy or a consulate in Ukraine. Not every country could open embassies in every other country, so its a normal practice to be an ambassador in several countries. Compared with most countries in Europe, diplomatic relations between Ukraine and Myanmar still had a long way to go.

Ukrainian state arms export company Ukrspetsexport opened an office in Yangon in October 2004, joining counterparts from Russia and Serbia & Montenegro in establishing a presence in Myanmar. Sources told JDI/Kthat the Myanmar armed forces are seeking to acquire a broad range of defence equipment to support a force build-up under way since the late 1980s. Yangon's military strength has more than doubled from 180,000 to an estimated 400,000 since 1988. The first phase of the build-up depended strongly on acquisitions from China, which ignored international concerns over Myanmar's repressive military regime. South Korea, Pakistan, Poland, Serbia, Singapore and Russia have since made defence sales to Yangon on a smaller scale. Most Western democracies have maintained sanctions on Myanmar since the army crushed pro- democracy demonstrators in 1988 and the military refused to relinquish power after losing the 1990 election.

On 19th of January 1991 Myanmar recognised Ukraine as a sovereign and independent state, and Ukraine and the Republic of the Union of Myanmar established diplomatic relations. In September, 1999, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Mr. Borys Tarasyuk held a meeting with Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar Mr. U Win Aung in the framework of 54th session of the UN General Assembly in New York. In September, 2014, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Mr. Pavlo Klimkin held a meeting with Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar Mr. Wunna Maung Lwin in the framework of 69th session of the UN General Assembly in New York.

Myanmar and Ukraine on 12 Januaary 2017 vowed to enhance bilateral cooperation, according to the President's Office of Myanmar. Myanmar President U Htin Kyaw and Ukrainian Minister of Foreign Affairs Pavlo Klimkin made this pledge during their meeting in Nay Pyi Taw. The two also touched on improving people-to-people contacts, tourism sector development and investment opportunities in Myanmar. Klimkin also met with Myanmar's Commander-in-Chief of Defense Services, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing. The Ukraine Consulate was opened in Yangon, the largest city of the country. Distance between the two countries can be one challenge. The challenge is how much time and energy both countries could invest into trying to use opportunities.

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, turnover for the first half of 2015, excluding the temporarily occupied territory of the Crimea and the City of Sevastopol, totalled $ 1.878 million and fell by 62,5% or $ 3.127 million. Exports decreased by 69% or $ 3.257 million and amounted to $ 1.463 million, imports grew by 45.5% or $ 0.130 million and reached to 0.415 million. Balance was positive and amounted to 1.047 million. Myanmar imports from Ukraine was US$28.37 Million during 2019, according to the United Nations COMTRADE database on international trade. According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine there are no investments from Ukraine to Myanmar and from Myanmar to Ukraine.

The Treaty Legal Framework of the Ukrainian-Myanmar Relations consists of one document: Protocol on Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Union of Myanmar dated from January 19, 1999. There is no community of Ukrainians in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. Around 10 Ukrainians are being employed in Myanmar.



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Page last modified: 31-03-2021 19:17:30 ZULU