National Regeneration Movement (Morena)
Mexico’s June 2015 midterm elections saw the emergence of a new, left-wing political player - one that seeks to return dignity to government for the people of Mexico. The highlight of the 07 June 2015 mid-term election was the rise of the National Regeneration Movement (Morena), which became the fourth political force in the country. This changed the political scenario in Mexico. Morena was a well positioned political force that has achieved the support of a big part of society without resources like power and media. Some politicians quit their respective parties (mainly PRD, PT, and Movimiento Ciudadano) to form a new MORENA caucus in Congress.
It’s main leader is Andrés Manuel López Obrador, a former Mayor of Mexico City from 2000 to 2006 and two times candidate to the Presidency in 2006 and in 2012. He has been one of the most prominent figures in Mexican politics in recent years, confronting the PRI structure in Tabasco, his hometown, at a very young age.
Morena saw important triumphs in Mexico City, and won in Coatzacoalcos which is a very important oil-producer region. Morena won in many places, even in difficult states like Baja California, San Luis Potosi. Morena believes it is not possible to fight violence with violence, it is necessary to have justice, employment, education, social welfare... those are the best tools to eradicate violence in Mexico.
Morena leader Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador won the 2006 and 2012 elections, however they committed fraud and hid the results, so his reputation is intact with his supporters, because despite the campaign against us, he won. Due to the media campaign against him, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador has a very bad reputation in some sectors of Mexican society.
The views of President of MORENA, Marti Batres captured the attention of a society frustrated with the spending and the lifestyles of Mexican government officials. Acts of corruption generate a feeling, among the population, of major discontent. That’s according to Marti Batres. “We're seeing the rise of a citizenry that is more awake, more aware and more critical,” said Batres.
Mexico's National Regeneration Movement, which participated for the first time in the mid-term elections, won in six of the 16 districts of Mexico City, breaking the long-time hegemonic rule of the once popular Democratic Revolution Party (PRD) in the country's capital, which won five.
The leftist political party was led by the two-time former presidential candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, and would govern in areas representing more than 8 million people and will administer more than US$550 million annually. It will oversee the country's fifth economy, the Cuauhtemoc electoral district, which generates about 21 percent of Mexico’s GDP that has nearly 2.5 million people.
Morena will also govern in Tlalpan, Xochimilco and Tlahuac, which are considered rural, and Azcapotzalco which is an important industrial sector in Mexico City. “Morena, the first political force in Mexico City. Thanks to the free, conscious and incorruptible citizens of the country's capital,” said Lopez Obrador.
However was a bittersweet victory for the leftist leaders in Mexico, especially after the ruling Revolutionary Institutional Party retained a slim working majority in the lower house of Congress in an election that was reported as the most violent in decades.
In 2006, radical firebrand Lopez Obrador was defeated by current President Felipe Calderon, who is constitutionally barred from seeking a second, six-year term next year. Lopez Obrador contested his loss, claiming vote fraud and charging that then-President Vicente Fox used the power of his office to support Mr. Calderon. Mexico's electoral tribunal rejected Lopez Obrador's claims. Lopez Obrador staged massive protests in the capital after the election.
On November 14, 2011 former Mexico City mayor Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador says he will make another run for the presidency in 2012, six years after he narrowly lost the last election.
Mexican leftist leader Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador topped a poll released by Reforma newspaper 03 August 2015, with 42 percent support, leading his nearest rival by 14 points. Lopez Obrador, head of the upstart Morena party, has twice run for president under the banner of the left-leaning Party of the Democratic Revolution, known as the PRD.
In second place in the poll is former First Lady Margarita Zavala, with 28 percent support. Manlio Fabio Beltrones, of the ruling centrist PRI, obtained 22 percent support. Miguel Angel Mancera, the current PRD mayor of Mexico City, considered the second-most important political post in Mexico, obtained 25 percent support.
The PRD, along other mainstream Mexican political parties, has endured a loss a credibility as a result of scandals linking the Mexican political class to organized crime groups. The PRD mayor of the town of Iguala, for example, is accused of being the mastermind behind the forced disappearance of 43 students from the Ayotzinapa teachers' training college.
The movement, according to Lopez Obrador, who is otherwise known as AMLO, will fight for the interests of the poor, the working class, the farmers, women, the indigenous people and gay and lesbian people, as well as promoting the democratization of the country. It will also resist measures that Peña Nieto plans to take to privatize the state oil company PEMEX as well as the electrical industry, and to increase sales taxes on food and medicine. MORENA contents that the PRI as well as the National Action Party (PAN) of outgoing conservative president Felipe Calderon have created a "mafia state" that "concentrates economic and political power in Mexico" in the hands of a minority instead of the majority.
"The neo-liberal model imposed for 30 years has only benefited a minority at the cost of impoverishing the majority of Mexicans. The economy is in the hands of the monopolies, the industrial base is destroyed, there are millions of young people without opportunities to study or work, the countryside has been abandoned and thousands of immigrants cross the border each day, in spite of risks and persecution" according to MORENA's declaration of principles.
Project 18 arises from the invitation made by Andrés Manuel López Obrador to Alfonso Romo Garza, so that together with a multidisciplinary group, an analysis of the nation project is made in his recent book "La Salida 2018". For this reason, Alfonso Romo Garza coordinated a work team made up of free citizens, businessmen, academics, intellectuals, among others, specialists in politics and government issues; education, science, values and culture; economy and development; and social development, to generate a transformative vision of Mexico with concrete proposals to build a nation project with an inclusive spirit, which has honesty as the cause and seal of a new public life.
- Lifting the veil - Strictly monitor any private actor that performs government tasks or receives public resources. Establish special criminal types due to opacity, simulation or collusion. Prepare a public registry of sanctioned or unfulfilled contractors.
- Avoid conflicts of interest - Promote the Federal Law to Combat Conflicts of Interest, giving total autonomy and full citizenship to the organs that fight corruption, promotion of transparency and the delivery of justice.
- Fight corruption in fiscal and financial sectors - Encourage international collaboration to combat tax havens. Hardening controls of the banking system on money laundering. Thorough investigation and cancellation of ghost companies.
- Fight corruption honestly - Strengthen the habit of honesty, putting it at the center of public debate and apply it as a basic principle for national regeneration. Eliminate the jurisdiction of the president. Make mandatory the declaration of assets, interests and tax for all public servants.
- Republican Austerity - To govern with subjection to the laws. Apply an austerity policy that complements the fight against corruption that allows for sufficient resources to promote development and guarantee the welfare of all citizens, without the need to increase taxes or create new ones.
- No more money to former presidents - Eliminate the millionaire pensions and undue privileges that the Mexican government assigns annually to the former presidents. Promote a bill that clearly defines the legal and salary situation of the former presidents.
- Criminal action by individuals in cases of corruption - Promote reform of the National Code of Criminal Procedures to expand the figure of "criminal action by individuals," so that any individual or legal entity can prosecute crimes for corruption.
- Public tenders online and with social control - Total transparency so that each public weight is monitored online through purchasing processes in real time. Prohibit direct awards. Establish administrative and criminal responsibilities for non-compliance with public tenders
- Public procurement without corruption - Avoid the participation of 'ghost' companies. Verify market prices before any acquisition. Participation of citizen vigilantes. Concentrate recurring purchases to avoid duplication and waste of goods and services.
- Multilateral foreign policy - Engage in a new dialogue with North America, maintaining cooperation for development and ensuring the defense of Mexicans. Recover the development agenda with Latin America and increase the participation of Mexico in the European Union and the Asian market
- Migration - Promote the integral development of the zones with greater migration. Convert consulates in Immigrant Defense Offices. Promote regulated employment agreements in the US and Canada. Prevent and punish migrant trafficking.
- Professionalization and honesty of the Public Ministry - Promote the career civil service in the procurement of justice through permanent and mandatory single training. Specialization of Public Ministries and Ministerial Police by type of crime. Provide training by procedural stage.
- Professionalization and coordination of security - Prioritize intelligence over force. Guarantee the coordination of the security bodies and the courts. Improve the professionalization and socio-economic conditions of the police forces. Create Tourist Police and analyze the creation of a National Guard.
- Social prevention of violence and crime - To relaunch the national program of social prevention of violence and delinquency. Differentiate priority prevention work focused on groups at risk of strengthening the capabilities of police corporations.
- Improve the enforcement of justice and reduce impunity - Implement audits and good practices in the organs of the New Criminal Justice System. Give greater autonomy and sanctioning powers to the Superior Audit of the Federation. Promote social reinsertion and alternative solution mechanisms on the punitive approach.
- Secure society - Zero tolerance to corruption in the security forces. Creation of the National School of Public Safety to train police officers of excellence. Generate savings that allow investment in training and technological updating
- Recover peace by addressing the causes of insecurity - Peace and social coexistence will be recovered by facing unemployment, poverty and family disintegration. It is urgent to replace drug trafficking as an economic option for young people for educational opportunities and honest work.
- Single Command in the police corporations - Establish a single police command with 32 state corporations to make the standardization and professionalization of the police a reality. Implement the philosophy of proximity police in the tasks of public safety
- Free legal advice clinics - Law students perform their social service in free legal advice clinics, supporting the population to protect and document their transactions and procedures to give them certainty and avoid legal conflicts
- Strengthening the enforcement of justice - Act on two fronts: through an institutional redesign and through legislative reforms. Reform the 19 constitutional to establish informal preventive detention to crimes related to corruption. Provide greater autonomy to forensic services. Establish a professional public service in the pursuit of justice.
- Administrative reorganization of the Supreme Court - Convene academics, professionals, judges, magistrates and society in general to analyze the efficiency of the Council of the Judiciary, obtaining places for judges and circuit magistrates and the appointment system of the Supreme Court Ministers
- True social reintegration of prisoners - Thoroughly review the national penitentiary system. Implement emergency measures in favor of social reintegration. Separate federal inmates from those who committed common crimes. Divide inmates in three areas according to time of permanence (new income, more than one year, to achieve freedom), specializing in care.
- Slender government - Reduce the size of the federal administration without sacrificing the quality of government, performing Value Flow Mappings (VSM) to identify the processes, services and activities that generate value and those that do not.
- True and efficient open government - Reform the constitutional 35 to expand the scope of popular consultations. Promote transparency and open data through new technologies. Redesign all federal instances of transparency and accountability
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