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Type 16 8x8 MCV (Maneuver Combat Vehicle)

On October 9, 2013, the Scientific and Research Technical Institute for Ground Equipment from Samiakhara demonstrated for the first time the prototype of the maneuverable fighting vehicle MCV (Maneuver Combat Vehicle). The MCV originally stood for 'Mobile Combat Vehicle'. In 2011, this changed to 'Maneuver/Mobile Combat Vehicle'. The vehicle has an especially high mobility on the roads. In addition, it can be quickly transported by military transport aircraft and in a short time deployed in the war zone. The MCV armored structure provides sufficient rigidity to fire from the 105-mm antitank gun, and also protects against RPG-7 rocket launchers. This defense vehicle has weight like medium armored vehicles, but the firepower like main battle tanks. It was designed to conduct combat operations in the event of aggression on the islands, to fight partisan detachments, and to secure the conduct of a sweep in the city and conduct reconnaissance by combat.

The vehicle can be attributed to a class of reconnaissance vehicles with weapons with a large-caliber gun. The chassis has 8 wheels with large-diameter tires, which is common for vehicles of this class all over the world. Fuel tanks are placed along the sides. In the rear of the hull there is an additional door. Tires are produced by Michelin. Suspension is active, and it absorbs some of the energy of recoil when the gun fires, which increases the accuracy of shooting.

Mobile combat with superior air transport and road mobility, firepower that can destroy enemy armored battle vehicles, etc. to cope with various situations such as invasion of islands and attacks by guerrillas and special forces. Equipped with the Ground Self-Defense Force's combat units, they are responsible for the ascension of the ordinary departments and support for entering the buildings.

There are a plurality of 8-wheel armored vehicles equipped with a 105mm cannon in foreign countries. The Italian Army has the B1 Centauro (weight 26tons) and the United States Army the M1128 Stryker MGS (weight 18.77tons). The Type 16 has a "normal" turret similar to the Centauro, and is not a Low Profile Turret that places the crew in the turret basket below the turret ring, like the M1128 striker MGS. The former is an anti-tank self-propelled gun ( tank destroyer ), and the latter is a vehicle that is supposed to be used as a self-propelled infantry gun, described as "self-propelled anti-tank gun".

This vehicle is a wheeled combat vehicle having a turret at the top of the vehicle body. In the mass production vehicle, the turret shape changed significantly. The automatic turret in the Typoe 13 prototype is not used in the Type 15, which has only manual loading. Automatic loading was abandoned due to the layout and weight of the turret design.

The 52 caliber 105mm gun is used to destroy enemy armored combat vehicles in the middle range. One reason why the 105mm gun was used in the armament of this vehicle was to divert the ammunition of Type 74 tanks. In the 2009 budget, 91 type 105mm multi-purpose anti-tank shell (special bullet) was purchased for mobile combat vehicles and will have anti-tank attack capability. Today, the performance of the APFSDS for 105mm guns has improved dramatically due to technological advances, and the M1060A3 developed in Belgium in 2002 has reached a penetration of 500mm. This exceeds the DM33, the prototype of JM33 used in Type 90 tanks.

A wheeled vehicle is generally lighter than a tank and is grounded with soft tires, which is disadvantageous in terms of stability during shooting. However, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries has developed the Type 16 maneuver combat vehicle fire control equipment and recoil suppression mechanism. The 2018 Fuji Comprehensive Thermal Exercise demonstrates a marching shooting including turning, and the Tpe 16 mobile combat vehicle actually can be seen to have good shooting stability performance.

The Type 16 mobile combat vehicle weighs less than 26 tons and the maximum speed is over 100km / h. For strategic mobility, the Air Self-Defense Force takes into account the airlift by C-2 transport aircraft. Although the SDF vehicles traveling on public roads for dispatch and training are exempted from the vehicle restriction ordinance, when the SDF special vehicles pass on public roads, they follow laws and regulations that were concluded in 1973. It is necessary to notify the road manager of traffic routes based on the memorandums of the Ministry of Construction and the Defense Agency. The total width of this vehicle exceeds the regulations of the Vehicle Restriction Ordinance and the weight exceeds 25t, so it exceeds the total weight limit value including the weight designated road. Therefore, when the Self-Defense Forces use this vehicle on public roads, the road manager must be notified after taking measures for road structure maintenance according to the route.

MAV (Mitsubishi Armored Vehicle) Family concept

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries in 2014 June, at the Eurosatory land battle weapons security-related trade fair in France, announced the eight-wheeled armored vehicle MAV (Mitsubishi Armored Vehicle). The MAV is based on the technology of the Type 16 mobile combat vehicle, which is under the initiative of Mitsubishi's independent development, not led by the Ministry of Defense. Prototype vehicles have already been developed and tested in-house. The size of MAV's APC (armored personnel transport) is 8m in length, 2.98m in width, 2.2m in height, and 18 tons empty weight. These figures do not include slat armor or reactive armor. The maximum battle weight is 28 tons. The exhibited models were equipped with slat armor. As a countermeasure against landmines and IEDs, a floating seat is used in the car, and V-shaped additional armor can be installed at the bottom of the car. There are 11 crew members including the commander and driver.

Derived types of MAV are also being studied, and armored field ambulances and command communication vehicles with a higher cabin roof than APC types have been proposed. In addition, 30 mm cannon mounted with the infantry fighting vehicle type, 120mm self-propelled mortar has been studied also developed for the type.

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Page last modified: 02-12-2019 18:04:05 ZULU