The history of air-to-air missile [AAM] &in Japan started in 1955. The missiles are called the AAM-1, 2, and 3, the order in which they were developed. Japan has completed the development of the Type 90 AAM (AAM-3) with an improved turning performance, infrared counter-counter measures (IRCCM) capability and off-boresight capability. The AAM -3 is expected to replace the American Sidewinders, and the GSDF already fields the AAM-3. At present, research into SRMs is continuing to improve the off-boresight and IRCCM capabilities to deal with future threats.
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