LORA (Long Range Artillery Rocket)
Israel developed the LORA (Long Range Artillery Rocket) to ease pressure on its Air Force in any regional war. The state-owned IMI and Israel Aerospace Industries have been developing several long-range rockets, or those that could travel between 100 and 250 kilometers. IAI has developed LORA, said to have a range of 200 kilometers. The IAI missile is competitive with the American ATACM, which was considered successful in Iraq. It is believed to have a diameter of 0.65 m, length of 4.7 m, and a launch weight of 1,560 kg.
In March 2004 Israel conducted a successful test launch of long range artillery missile (LORA) on board a naval platform, which apparently is meant for sale to India. A high-level team from the Indian Artillery Directorate visited Israel in November 2003 and witnessed live firing of the Israeli missile systems before placing orders for an extended version of the system.
Specifications for the missiles were submitted by Indian Army officials to IAI scientists. India wanted 36 LORA missile systems and the India-specific ones would be an extended range version of the missile initially developed by IAI. The current versions of the solid-fuel missile, now in testing, carry a 570-kg warhead that can be delivered 200 kilometers away. Indian specifications for a longer-range version would require significant reductions in warhead size to comply with physical properties of the missile itself, well as international restrictions governing the transfer or sale of missiles capable of delivering a 500-kg payload at a distance greater than 300 km.
The operational status of the missile remains uncertain, as the developers accidentally broadcast a failed LORA missile test in 2003. As of 2008 the Israel Defense Force had decided not to deploy the LORA long-range artillery missile, which IAI had hoped to sell to India. Sources said the Israeli air force was instrumental in the decision not to buy the system, which could have substituted for air power because of its long range.
The LORA is a Long Range Artillery Weapon System capable of engaging strategic targets deep in the enemy's territory from mobile or maritime platforms. Typical targets are fixed or transportable including infrastructure assets. The high explosive warhead can be delivered accurately of about 10m: CEP across the effective range.
The missile can be equipped with a 400 Kg. high explosive warhead or with 600 Kg. penetration warhead to hit hardened targets. The missile can be launched within few minutes from unprepared positions. Any target whose location is known within the range of the missile can be attacked within less than 10 minutes from the launch decision.
The missile can be launched within few minutes from unprepared positions. Any target whose location is known within the range of the missile can be attacked within less than 10 minutes from the launch decision. The LORA uses a shaped trajectory flight mode. LORA is stored in a sealed canister with shelf life of seven years without maintenance.
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