The Hermes 450S is a surveillance, reconnaissance and target acquisition operative UAV, built by Silver Arraow, an Israeli firm. The system utilizes modern avionics and the AR 80-1000, 52 hp UEL engine. The Hermes 450 is a twin engine configuration of Hermes 450S, utilizing 2 AR 741UEL engines delivering 76 hp total. Payload capabilities include Optronic, SIGINT, ECM, SAR.
Despite initial attempts to disguise the operational debut and extensive use of its new, long-endurance Hermes 450 UAV in West Bank fighting, the Elbit/Silver Arrow UAV, the most advanced unmanned aircraft in the air force, has been committed to combat as a specialized detachment of 200 Sqdn., Israel's only dedicated UAV unit. The aircraft has passed all its system validation and acceptance tests and an undisclosed number have been serving with the IAF and have participated in anti-terror operation. The higher-flying, larger payload UAV performance has led to [previously unannounced] follow-on orders from the Israeli Ministry of Defense. Elbit/Silver Arrow's Hermes 450 provides a 325-lb. payload and 18-hr. endurance.
United States Use
The success of the Arizona Border Control Initiative (ABC) is contingent on impairing and stopping the smuggling organizations that transport human cargo across the border. To assist state, local and federal elements in their efforts, U.S. Customs and Border Protection has begun using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs).
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are both an important part of the smarter border strategy and an essential element of the Arizona Border Control Initiative. The UAVs permit greater border coverage and quicker response times in rugged, desolate areas of the southwest border.
This is the first non-military use of UAVs for border protection. The Hermes 450 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) will supplement ground security efforts with a live video feed of potential illegal smuggling as it occurs.
The use of UAVs will complement the other intrusion detection and intelligence gathering components of the border surveillance network to meet the mission of stopping the illegal entry of terrorists, smugglers and others into the United States.
UAVs equipped with sophisticated on-board sensors have the potential to provide unparalleled surveillance capability. This capability will provide CBP Border Patrol agents a "birds eye view" of smuggling and allow them to quickly refocus resources to apprehend people illegally entering the country. UAVs will also contribute to enforcement effectiveness and officer safety by providing communications links for coordinating multiple units on the ground is important in remote border operating areas.
UAVs provide long-range surveillance. As a result, they are especially effective force-multipliers because they have the capacity to remain on station much longer than other airborne assets, and are particularly useful for monitoring remote land border areas where patrols cannot easily travel and infrastructure is difficult or impossible to build.
- The UAV is equipped with electro-optic sensors and communications payloads providing day and night imagery.
- It is equipped with a communication capability used by ground control stations to communicate, which is a law enforcement officer safety and a communications/coordination requirement.
- The Hermes 450 is a single engine system with advanced composite structure and optimized aerodynamics. Advanced avionics enable autonomous flights and precise GPS navigation.
- The UAV is equipped with sophisticated communication systems transferring imagery in real-time to ground control stations.
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