Barak / Adams
The growing threat to Fast Attack Craft (FAC) from air-launched weapons was recognised by the Israel Defence Forces after the Holy Day War of 1973 and appears to have led to a requirement, circa 1976-77, for a point defence system to protect warships of fast attack craft size and above.
The system was called Barak (Lightning) and there are unconfirmed reports of another nation being involved in development. Development of the missile was first revealed at the Paris Air Show in June 1981. It was originally conceived as a conventional lightweight weapon such as the Seawolf, with two eight-round launchers each of which had a fire-control radar. Ballistic test firing of the missile in this configuration was carried out from a Saar-type FAC during the early 1980s.
The conventional configuration was found to have problems and at the 1983 Paris Air Show a new configuration, based upon a vertical launch missile and a mast-mounted fire-control radar and made its appearance as Barak-1. The need to redesign the system prolonged the development process and the first sea trials were not conducted until May 1986.
BARAK is a ground based, mobile or stationary air defense system armed with BARAK Vertical Launch Missile, providing on unobstructed hemispherical coverage and protection against all existing air threats: aircraft, helicopters, UAVs and stand-off munitions of all types, including cruise missiles. Barak features proven anti- missile capability, all weather, day and night operation, autonomous or netted operation, from 12 ready to launch missiles with short reaction time
HIGH LETHALITY - Sophisticated warhead, fully integrated with advanced proximity fuse, ensures high kill probability of small targets.
ADVANCED RADAR TECHNOLOGY - Narrow beam KA frequency band, ECCM immunity.
COMMAND &CONTROL - Instant response, automatic and fully computerized firing sequence.
VERTICAL LAUNCH - Operation in densely populated sites and combat areas, no safety sector restrictions.
CLOS GUIDANCE - Precise intercept of high and low altitude, reduced RCS threats such as missiles and UAVs.
HIGHLY ENERGETIC MISSILE - large defended area and operation against high maneuverability targets.
COST EFFICIENCY - Minimal personnel requirements, minimized system maintenance, highest reliability and operational availability.
Barak is a mature, operational anti-missile point defense naval surface-to-air missile system, designed to protect combat vessels against sea skimming missiles and aircraft threats. Barak is effective against highly maneuvering, supersonic and low altitude threats (sea skimmers), as well as low radar cross section (RCS) targets. It is also effective against a full variety of free space threats. The missile system is designed to engage multiple targets simultaneously. BARAK is in operational service in the naval forces of several countries.
The Indian government launched an investigation by the Indian government's investigation service, on suspicion that Israeli firms, including Rafael (Israel Military Industries) and the IAI were involved in the payment of bribes in a Barak missile deal in the late 1990s. The investigation focused on an agent of these industries in India, who was interrogated and arrested. The agent was suspected bribing then-defense minister George Fernandes, the commander of the navy and other top officials. The investigation was still ongoing as of 2008.
The Indian government decided to accelerate previously frozen negotiations for the purchase of 300 Barak missiles for installation on ships. The value of this transaction is estimated at $300 million and is a joint transaction of Rafael, which produces the missile, The IAI's Mabat, which produces the scanner and integration systems and ELTA.
|Length weight||98 kg|
|Characteristic||VERTICAL LAUNCH UNIT (8 missiles)|
|Maximum velocity||720 m/sec|
|Maximal effective range||10-12 Km|
|Minimal effective range||500 m|
|Maximum Altitude||5.5 km|