Qadir Karam [Qader Karam] is a very large sub-district that lies in the north east of the Tuz Khurmatli [Dooz-Khurmatu / Toozkhoormatoo-Bayat] district. Before its destruction, it had 281 villages with 160 schools, 190 mosques and 21 small clinics. According to the 1957 census, the population of the sub-district was 13,426, all of them Kurds. During 1987 and 1988, 11,694 farming families with 61,394 members were expelled from its villages and sent to detention camps while others fell victim to the Anfal operations. The Iraqi regime burned many of the villages during the years of fighting with the Kurds. Iraq destroyed all these villages later during the two years of the Anfal.
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