Engineering Infrastructure Battalion (EIB)
The Engineering Infrastructure Battalion (EIB) is composed of an Electric Repair Company, Pipeline Repair Company, 2 Security Companies, and a Headquarters and Service Company.
In 2007, the decision was made to create a unit within the Iraqi Army specifically directed toward the protection and maintenance of critical infrastructure (generally power and oil related). This was a by-product of the decision to convert the Strategic Infrastructure Battalions (redesignated soon thereafter as Iraqi Army Infrastructure Battalions or IAIBs) into regular infantry elements of the Iraqi Army. Initially suggested to be regiment sized (Infrastructure Repair Regiment), by the end of 2007, the unit being generated was of battalion size (Engineering Infrastructure Battalion).
The Iraqi Ministry of Defnse (MoD), Ministry of Energy (MoE), and the Ministry of Oil (MoO) were coordinating on the development of the unit. It was expected to generate in 2 phases between December 2007 and May 2008. Phase I would include generation of a Headquarters and Service Company, 2 Security Companies, and an Electric Repair Company. In Phase II, a Pipeline Repair Company would force generate and receive specialty training assistance from the MoO. This unit would provide the IA critical capability to repair damaged electrical power lines and oil pipelines in unsecured areas, with the support of the mobile security companies. The 2 security companies would undergo unit set fielding at Combat Training Center Besmayah. Equipment funding was being provided via a joint effort between Multi-National Security Transition Command - Iraq (MNSTC-I) and the US Embassy's Iraq Transition Assistance Office (ITAO).
By March 2008, the Engineering Infrastructure Battalion was in training at the Taji training center. In the March 2009 Measuring Stability and Security in Iraq report by the US Department of Defense, there was mention of 5 infrastructure battalions in the Iraqi Army order of battle, but it was unclear whether these were IAIB awaiting conversion or additional EIBs. No specific mention was made of the EIB.
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