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Iran - Unmanned Air Vehicles UAV - Summary

Ababeel (swallow)  - Iranian UAV

The Ababeel (swallow) was the first disposable drone capable of carrying 40 Kg. of explosives. Ababeel’s new design had been transferred to Iran’s Airplane Manufacturing Industries (HASA) after it passed the research phase in the Mechanics Industries of SASED in October 1986. Metal model of Ababeel with significant changes to the initial model. Current models of Ababeel include Ababeel-B as airborne; long-range Ababeel-S, which is equipped with advanced navigation system, GPS, and autopilot system; and Ababeel-T which has been made of composites. The general features of this drone are improved aerodynamic design, rapid overhaul, easy repair and operation, high flexibility and mobility, capability to operate in sea and land, recovery, and multiple uses, and justified end-user price. Ababyl drone became known to maneuver over America aircraft carriers. After a long time, when the radar managed to discover the Iranian drone, several war and helicopter wrecked the ship, but never succeeded in discovering Ababil. Ababil was safely directed to the site, recording incredibly important information and pictures that was broadcast and astonishing the world. American officials also were surprised and frightened that they did not notice the presence of Ababil; from then on, the world remembered Ababil's name.

 - Iranian UAV

Ababeel-B; used in simulation and air defense system training, has been considered as the air target in simulation and training of different air defense systems, with short-, medium-, and long-range systems.

 - Iranian UAV

Ababeel-S; capable of sending pictures and flight up to 14000 feet altitude, was is equipped with System 123 (automatic stabilizer) and GPS. System 123, one of the modern engineering electroavionics of HASA, manufactured to deliver an easy flight experience and security to novice pilots in short- and long-range flights according to the Armed Forces requirements. Other features are imaging camera mounted and sending images; flight ceiling of 14000 feet (about 4200 m), operation of the flier in 32 separate stages, capability to launch from pneumatic launcher and rocket launcher.

Ababeel (swallow)  - Iranian UAV

Ababeel-T flier employs two vertical stabilizers whose performance has been demonstrated after successful performance tests during flight. The Ababil-T is a twin-tail variant of the Ababil-2. This variant can be fitted with surveillance, target drone, or disposable strike munition payloads. It is probably the "Mirsad-1" UAV operated by Hezbollah and may have been renamed "Qasef-1" in Houthi service.

Ababeel (swallow)  - Iranian UAV

The Ababil-2 has an improved flight-control system. Jane's reports that the Ababil-2 had its first flight in 1997 while Galen Wright reports that it entered production in 1992. Both agree the Ababil-2 was publicly revealed in 1999. Some sources designate the Ababil-2 as the Ababil-II.

Ababeel (swallow)  - Iranian UAV

Ababeel-3 flier employs two vertical stabilizers whose performance has been demonstrated after successful performance tests during flight. The Ababil-3 is a complete redesign of the Ababil with an improved airframe used solely for surveillance.

Baaz (falcon) - Iranian UAV

Baaz (falcon) UAV is a high maneuverable flier and is used to identify air targets and to train UAV navigation and guiding. This UAV moves in speed of 240Kmph and up to 10000 feet altitude.

Chabok par (light wing) - Iranian UAV

Chabokpar (light wing) when landing and taking off the water is a product of HASA, used to training drone navigation, especially in Naval Forces.

Fotros - Iranian UAV

Fotros has two distinct features compared to its previous models (most importantly Shahed-129). In addition of a range of 300Km, it enjoys a flight endurance of 30 hours, 6 hours more than that before.

Gaza - Iranian UAV

The Gaza super-heavy and wide-body drone with a variety of missions in the areas of surveillance, combat, reconnaissance and flight duration of 35 hours was the first defense achievement of the IRGC that General Salami visited the construction process. This heavy drone is capable of carrying 13 bombs up to an operational radius of 2,000 kilometers on a combat mission, as well as carrying 500 kilograms of various information and signal gathering equipment.

Hadaf-3000 - Iranian UAV

Hadaf-3000 (endeavor) (Target 3000) is launched by JATO launcher with zero-length rail or pneumatic launcher. With the popularity of Talash-1 UAV, Qods Air Industries have manufactured Hadaf-3000 with higher maneuverability and speed than Talash, in industrial scale.

Hamaseh - Iranian UAV

Hamaseh (epic) UAV was unveiled during the closing ceremony of 2013 Sacred Defense martyrs festival. It is capable of carrying out simultaneously surveillance, attack, and control. The Revolutionary Guards said on October 26, 2016 they had developed a “suicide drone” capable of delivering explosives to blow up targets at sea and on land. The new the "Hamaseh", a "reconnaissance and combat drone" is primarily for maritime surveillance and “has not been designed to be armed with missiles,” the Tasnim news agency reported. “(But) it can carry heavy payloads of explosives for combat missions to launch suicide attacks.” “Flying at a high cruising speed near the surface of the water, the aircraft can collide with the target and destroy it, either a vessel or an onshore command centre.” Tasnim said the drone was designed to fly as low as two feet (half a meter) above the water at a speed of around 250 kilometers (160 miles) per hour but could reach an altitude of 900 meters (3,000 feet). As with previous drone announcements by Iran, the news agency released photographs of the aircraft on the ground, but no footage of it flying. “It has an advanced military camera with the capability of being used at night and during the day, as well as the possibility of being used in damp sea conditions,” Tasnim said.

Kaman-12 - Iranian UAV

On 01 March 2019 the Iranian Air Force (IAF) officially unveiled the production line of a domestically-manufactured unmanned combat aerial vehicle named Kaman-12. Iran starts mass production of combat UAV Kaman-12. The production line was unveiled in a ceremony attended by Vice-President for Science and Technology Sorena Sattari and Air Force Commander Brigadier General Aziz Nasirzadeh in Tehran. The aircraft can fly at 200 kilometers per hour for 10 straight hours. It can use an airstrip as short as 400 meters and covers a 1,000-kilometer combat radius. The UAV weighs 450 kilograms and can carry a payload as heavy as 100 kilograms. The combat drone was first unveiled on January 30 during Eqtedar 40 Exhibition at Imam Khomeini Grand Prayer Grounds in Tehran, ahead of the 40th anniversary of the 1979 Islamic Revolution.

 - Iranian UAV

Karrar, the first defense drone with a speed of 900 KM/hr, was developed and unveiled in summer of 2010, is the country’s first drone designed specifically for offensive purposes. Karrar is a significant achievement for the country for improvement of the Armed forces performance, since it has opened new vistas in terms of both tactics and technology incorporated in the drone. Iranian made long range drone "Karar" missile is displayed during annual military parade on September 22, 2010 in Tehran, Iran that marked the beginning of the 1980-1988 war between Iran and Iraq.

Kian - Iranian UAV

On 01 September 2019 Iranian Army unveiled a new homegrown jet-propelled drone, named "Kian", on Sunday capable of carrying long-time surveillance missions and hitting the targets with high precision. The drone was unveiled in a ceremony in the presence of Commander of Army Air Defense Force Brigadier General Ali-Reza Sabahifard. Brigadier General Sabahifard said in the ceremony that the aerial vehicle is able to conduct long reconnaissance and surveillance missions and has been developed in two versions. He said that Kian has been fully developed by Iranian technicians of the Army in approximately a year, adding that due to the fact that it enjoys a capability of long time mission, the unmanned vehicle is able to hit target far beyond the borders of the country and actually carries out mission deep inside territory of the enemy.

 - Iranian UAV

The Maine-Pakh-e-Faza 2 with a speed of 110 km / h and a 3,000-meter-long flying ceiling can provide the appropriate information and operational units. One of the recent achievements of Iranian specialists is the design and manufacture of launcher drills. These planes can be easily carried in a backpack and used in the right position. The drone can also be used for missions such as electronic warfare. The small UAV with 45-minute flying and weighing less than 3 kilograms is suitable for transportation to any area. Phase 3 is also used to carry out research projects, studies and design in the field of aerospace science and technology with a jet pulse engine. The other type of throwing aircraft is 80 km / h and can be easily controlled with 20 minutes of flight. The aircraft is equipped with an electric motor and is capable of landing on any belt by equipping the wheel. The UAV's weight is only 2kg and its engine power is suitable for flying and limiting operations.

Mohajer I - Iranian UAV

Mohajer [Migrant] UAVs are among the most famous drone aircraft in Iran, which have been made in generations, and the most famous are migrants 2 and 4. Immigrant 2 with a maximum speed of 210 km / h, a flying radius of 50 km, a flight of 11 thousand feet, a flight time of more than an hour, a body composition of composite materials, a 25 hp engine, 85 kg weight and a length of 290 cm The most successful drone is considered. Of course, the aircraft is being used as a target aircraft for training high-level personnel and improving the ability to track bird targets and anti-aircraft system performance. The aircraft is also used as a real target for ground rocket and heat rockets. The Migrair 4 is also a long-range unmanned aircraft and is one of the long-range UAVs that can achieve long-range goals.

Mohajer II - Iranian UAV

Mohajer-2 (migrant) / Mohajer II capable of flight near US warship, design and manufacturing of Mohajer-2 has been intended to carry out surveillance and air control in inaccessible and far away regions. The Mohajer-2 shares the same basic design as the Mohajer-1, but adds what can only be explained as carry handles have been mounted on either side of the fuselage just forward and below the leading edge of the wing. The wheels meanwhile have been replaced with skids. It is powered by an unknown 25 hp engine. One possible candidate is the WAE-342 which is also used on the Ababil UAS. One large increase in capability compared to the Mohajer-1 comes in the addition of an auto-pilot with a real-time data uplink/downlink.

Mohajer III - Iranian UAV

Mohajer-3 (Dorna) / Mohajer III (Dorna) with maximum speed of 220KMph in 3300m altitude, had been in the agenda as the second generation of Mohajer-2 with the intention of improving range and flight endurance, and when revamped, the torso and wing major parts were in production line. Mohajer-3 is a development of the Mohajer-2 , they are superficially very similar , the distinguishing features being a slight downturn on the end of the wings. It is unclear whether it has the ability to be recovered via parachute . The main difference is range and endurance , most likely achieved to lightening the system or a change in the engine, though there is no indicators of the latter .

Mohajer III - Iranian UAV

Mohajer-4 / Mohajer IV (Hodhod), with advances in Qods Air Industries in design and improvement of the UAVs, and the good feedback about the previous models, Mohajer-4 was manufactured for air surveillance and target identification from 150Km distance. The Mohajer 4 , also known as the Hodhod, radically from previous designs featuring a larger box-like fuselage compared to the cigarette shape of earlier generations. The wings are now tapered with a upward cranked tip. Meanwhile, the static skids of the Mohajer 2 have been replaced with flexible skids in a tricycle configuration. It also features composite construction. The Mohajer 4 was reported to have been first tested in February 2002 alongside the Saeqeh target drone. At least two types of engines appear to be in use, though the exact designations are unknown .

Mohajer 6 - Iranian UAV

Mohajer 6 - Iranian UAV

A picture dated January 30, 2019 shows a Mohajer-6 drone. Iran begun mass production of the indigenously-produced Mohajer-6 tactical and combat unmanned aerial vehicle in February 2018. Mohajer-6 is said to be the first UAV of the Mohajer family that is armed with a guided weapon system and is bigger than the other types of Mohajer family. Brig. Gen. Hasannejad said 17 July 2019 the delivery of the Mohajer-6 combat drones would begin a new phase for an extensive use of drones in the Army Ground Forces’ operations. “With the deployment of these unmanned aerial vehicles, any threat to the Iranian borders and even beyond the borders, will be identified, tracked down and removed before it could even take form,” Brig. Gen. Hasannejad stressed. The drone has the capability to carry out surveillance and reconnaissance missions, and enjoys a wide operational range and wingspan with a high precision. Other features, according to the commander of the drone unit, include “the ability to carry precision-guided projectiles, high tolerability in various weather conditions, and easy use in various geographical locations.”

Naseh Jet UAV - Iranian UAV

The Naseh Jet UAV is a series of UAVs produced by the Quds Ministry of Defense Industries, a UAV with a turbo jet engine, which is used for training purposes in defense systems, as well as for disrupting and confusing defense and defense systems. The UAV is modeled on the American MQM 107 UAV and has a flight duration of less than an hour and a speed of Mach 0.7. The jet engine installed on this UAV is the Tolo 4 mini-jet engine, which has also been used in Karar UAV and Cruise Light missile. Installing the wings of this UAV under the fuselage or the so-called Low wing of this UAV gives this UAV the maneuverability at high speeds and makes it possible to approach the real conditions for the user of these systems in the training of work defense systems. Often, drones that require high speed and maneuverability and are to be built as targets for defense systems or as suicide drones use this wing design model. UAVs such as Mohajer 2 and Jet Karar UAVs are examples of this type of design. Another point in the structure of this drone is the installation of cargoes under its wings. These cargoes are not bombs and missiles, but have other functions, including that they can be detached independently from UAVs to provide defense systems that can be used as training targets such as bombs and attack missiles.

Saegheh (Thunderbolt) - Iranian UAV

Saegheh (Thunderbolt) - Iranian UAV

In October 2016 the Revolutionary Guards claimed to have produced a new attack drone, the Saegheh (Thunderbolt), by reverse-engineering a US Central Intelligence Agency RQ-170 Sentinel drone that was captured in December 2011. Iran claimed one of its cyber warfare units took control of the US drone and landed it safely, while the US says a technical problem caused it to crash. The Guards released pictures of the Thunderbolt, but no footage of it in flight.

Saeqeh - Iranian UAV

Saeqeh (thunderbolt) Saeqeh / Saeghe I and II ("Lightning Bolt") is a delta-type UAV with medium-to-lower aspect ratio designed and manufactured in industrial scale by indigenous expert and technical labor for Armed Forces. It comes in two versions. The first one which only has radio command guidance system and the other one which has GPS guidance and IR emissions. Both versions are launched via a booster and are recovered by parachute. Both variants share the same design featuring narrow, pointed fuselage with a large cropped delta wing and a single tailplane. Like the Ababil, control surfaces are found on horizontal surfaces, but not on the vertical tailplane. Nearly physically identical to the earlier model, the Saeqeh-2 first flew in 2002 alongside the Mohajer-4.

H-110 Sarir - Iranian UAV

Sarir (meaning "Throne") anti-radar and stealth is among the new UAVs of Army Air Defense Headquarters, and it is called Sareer-H110. Its launching system is based on the Headquarters, and has been developed by indigenous expertise. It was unveiled in National Army Day in Khatam al-Anbia Air Defense Headquarters. Sarir drone is significant in two features. First is its similarity to its foreign drones, and the second, is its mission type; which includes air-to-air combat in addition to surveillance mission. The drone plays the role of an air platform, almost the same ‘air patrolling,’ a mission for manned fighter jets such as Phantom F-4 and Tomcat F-14 during the Sacred Defense years; and now, MIG-29 Fulcrum plays the same role, meeting part of the need for air patrolling due to limits of the drone capabilities in terms of combat facilities carrying and its sensor weights. A point about Sarir H-110, whose H in its name is reminiscent of Iran’s other defensive drone, Hazem, is its similarity to RQ-5 Hunter drone, an Israeli made and US Northrop-Grumman developed drone.

 Sejil - Iranian UAV

Iran has successfully tested the prototype of the first self-designed Sejil drones. A half life-size prototype was built and successfully tested by the Iranian Ministry of Defense, and it is planned to complete the assembly of a full-fledged copy “in the near future”. It was reported that the Sejil UAV is equipped with two jet engines and can reach speeds of up to 1000 km / h. He is also going to arm with missiles with a range of up to 100 km.

Shahed 129 - Iranian UAV

Shahed 129 - Iranian UAV

The Shahed 129 is most likely a reverse-engineered version of the Israeli Hermes 450. The Shahed 129 is claimed to have a 1000 nm range with 24-hour endurance, although this is probably unlikely given the size of comparable airframes. The Shahed 129 was reported to have flown over the USS Harry S. Truman Strike Group on January 12, 2016. In February 2016, the Iranian military redesigned the Shahed 129. The new version looks similar to the American MQ-9 Reaper with a new dome on the front of the airframe that could be housing for a beyond line-of-sight SATCOM capability. Shahed-129 is capable of being used in air surveillance, imaging of enemy defense line and strongholds, electronic combat, communication relays, finding targets and orientation, traffic control, border line control, meteorological studies, geographical maps and other missions.

Shaheen - Iranian UAV

Shaheen (hawk) is one of Iran’s new drones developed for training purposes. Shaheen project drones display the clear advancement in design of this model of UAVs. Equipped with landing wheeled-cart has made it capable of use in training landing. The Shaheen aircraft is used for aerial surveillance and surveillance and target detection in remote and inaccessible locations. The aircraft is capable of filming and photographing 150km of 150-kilometer ground control station with a height of 1,200 feet and a three-hour flight duration, with barriers and strengths simultaneously. It is also capable of being used for psychological warfare, with a cargo baggage and loss. The Thunder aircraft is one of the invading UAVs and plays an important role in countering enemies along with other drone aircraft. One of the types of Thunderer UAVs, called Thunderbolt 85, is able to fly a radius of 100 kilometers and detecting targets by carrying significant amounts of explosives. Thunder 85 is also capable of transmitting collision images to the target online. The UAV can fly at speeds of 250 km / h up to 11,000 feet and armed with a high hand to tackle any goal.

Simorgh - Iranian UAV

Simorgh / Simorq / Simurgh, a new unmanned aerial vehicle, was unveiled 07 December 2019 at a ceremony in the southeastern coastal city of Konarak, attended by Iranian Navy Commander Rear Admiral Hossein Khanzadi. With a flight endurance of 24 hours, the drone can be used for combat, reconnaissance, and tactical operations, and electronic warfare. Simorgh has a range of 1,500 kilometers and a service ceiling of 25,000 feet. It is the naval version of Shahed-129, a powerful combat drone that was mass-produced in 2013. Shahed-129 is now in service in the fight against drug-traffickers and terrorists, patrol and reconnaissance missions along the territorial and sea borders, environmental operations, and for taking aerial images. The combat version of Shahed-129 can carry a payload of 8 bombs or smart missiles and is designed to hit both fixed and mobile targets.

 - Iranian UAV

Talash-1 / Tallash I (Endeavor) / Tallash II / Talash 2, UAV with a speed of only 140 KM/hr, to train pilots, advanced un-manned planes are required in order for the pilots to work and exercise with. Talash UAV has been built having this in mind. Other important features of this planes are lack of complexity of the parts ,small size , easy assembly , stable and simple operation and Low price . Takeoff and landing of this plane is performed by the wheels .

 - Iranian UAV

Tizpar (speed-flier) is a light and small model of UAV used in training of drone navigation and guiding.

Toophan 2 ( Chamran 2 )  - Iranian UAV

Toofan (tempest) is an Iranian UAV which has been developed to find and destroy the enemies through optical explorer. In this type of mission, the UAV is designed for battle and with small dimensions, it could approach to the enemy without being detected and its high speed makes nay reaction extremely difficult.

Yaseer - Iranian UAV

Yaseer (expedient) with 360 degree imaging capability features include high flight endurance; high-precision camera; blind spot surveillance capability, joins the country’s drone convoy. Commander of the Vali Asr (as) Drone Group of the NEZAJA responded to the question that whether the controlling package of the drone could be taken as a machine or it needed an enclosed space. “In general, UAVs have portable controls, moving on a tripod or as in an enclosed space". The new Iranian drone, Yasir, was unveiled on September 28, 2013.

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Page last modified: 20-05-2022 17:50:51 ZULU