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Raad 1

In May 1996, Iran announced it had successfully tested its first locally made self-propelled gun, the 122 mm Raad 1 (Thunder 1). Iran revealed it was mass producing the system in 2002. This vehicle combined a number of locally produced and modified pieces of equipment already in Iranian inventory.

The Raad 1 mounts a turret appearing to be identical to the Russian 2S1 122mm self propelled howitzer, but on the chassis of the Iranian Boragh APC, a variant of the Chinese WZ-501/503 series, themselves copies of the Russian BMP-1. The artillery piece used was either the standard Russian type 122mm howitzer, manufactured under the designation HM51L by the Armaments Industries Group of the Iranian Defense Industries Organization, or the improved HM51 howitzer.

As of 2008 Iran was the sole operator of the system, maintaining a mixed force of upgraded 2S1 and Raad 1 self-propelled howitzers.

Iran first announced the "Thunder"-1 type 122mm self-propelled howitzer developed by the Hadid Artillery Factory in early 2002. The chassis was under the responsibility of the Shahid Kladuz Industrial Complex (SKDIC) of the DIO. The combat system is partly handled by the Hadid Artillery Factory. The shape of the "Thunder"-1 self-propelled howitzer is very similar to that of the Soviet 2S1 "Dianzhu" 122mm self-propelled howitzer. Therefore, Iranian military personnel would refer to the 2S1 self-propelled howitzer when developing the gun.

The "Thunder"-1 self-propelled howitzer adopts the layout commonly used by similar self-propelled artillery, that is, the cockpit and power cabin are arranged at the front of the vehicle body, the rear is a combat cabin, and the turret is mounted above the combat cabin. The gun features an all-welded steel structure with a maximum armor thickness of 17 mm to withstand light weapons and shell fragments. The chassis of the "Thunder"-1 self-propelled howitzer was improved from the chassis of the Iranian "Bolager" infantry fighting vehicle. The main change was that the body at the rear of the cockpit was raised.

The "Thunder"-1 self-propelled howitzer is 6.65 meters long and 3.25 meters wide. It has 4 crew members and 17.5 tons of combat weight. The power unit is the air-cooled BF-8L513 four-stroke eight-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine from Germany Deutz. The maximum power is 231.5 kW. Manual transmission, 2 forward gears and 1 reverse gear, the suspension device is torsion bar type, there are 6 hanging rubber load wheels on each side of the vehicle, the driving wheel is in front, the induction wheel is behind, and there is a supporting pulley in the middle. The maximum speed is 65 km / h, the maximum off-road speed is 4 5 km / h, and the maximum stroke is 400 km.

The chassis of the "Thunder"-1 self-propelled howitzer was improved from the chassis of the Iranian "BORAQ" infantry fighting vehicle. The Soviet 2S1 "Dianzhu" 122mm self-propelled howitzer and the Iranian "Thunder"-1 self-propelled howitzer are very similar in appearance, the biggest difference is the use of different chassis.

The "Thunder"-1 self-propelled howitzer is equipped with a fully enclosed 3-person turret. The top of the turret is equipped with optical equipment for direct shooting and inter-shot shooting. The turret is equipped with a HM-51 type with a diameter of 122 mm and a diameter of 122 mm. Artillery (imitation of the Soviet 2A31 122mm howitzer), when the marching artillery is placed in the front of the truck body and locked by the fastener. The high-low range of the HM-51 gun is -3 to +72, the muzzle velocity is 721 m/s, and the range is 15.2 km when the ZBK-13 propellant is used to launch the 122 mm high-explosive grenade.

The life of the gun can reach 3000 rounds. The gun is equipped with an automatic loading machine with a maximum firing rate of 4-5 rounds. The gun can also be loaded when shooting at a large elevation angle. The shell carries 35 rounds. The types of shells include grenades, flares, and smoke bombs. The auxiliary weapon of the Thunder "-1 type self-propelled howitzer is a 12.7 mm high-altitude machine gun.

Since the advent of the French "Caesar" 155mm truck-mounted self-propelled howitzer, the world has set off a trend of truck guns, and countries are competing to develop truck guns. The Dutch MOBAT, Israel ATMOS2000, South Africa T5-52 and other truck guns have appeared on the stage, and Iran, which has always attached importance to the development of artillery, is not willing. In early March 2011, the Iranian Defense Industry Organization (DIO) showed its self-developed HM-41 "Tarius" 155mm vehicle gun, Iran became the ninth country in the world to launch truck guns after France, Sweden, Israel, the Netherlands, China, Singapore, South Africa and other countries.

The chassis of the "Dayushi" vehicle gun is a KAT1 66 flat-head truck authorized by the German company MAN Co., which is one of the world-famous military trucks. The truck has good off-road control performance and large bearing capacity. Judging from the pictures released by Iran, the "big-flow" vehicle-mounted guns use the mainstream layout of today's vehicle-mounted guns. From then on, they are the cockpit, ammunition cabin, and artillery. The driver's seat is located on the left side of the cockpit and can be used by two guns on the right side. Above the cockpit there is a round hatch that opens rearward and can be fitted with self-defense weapons on the roof. At the rear of the cockpit is an ammunition compartment for storing warheads and propellants, and spare tires are placed between the ammunition and the cockpit.

Immediately behind the ammunition cabin is a row of simple seats for the gunners. In the future, it is a HM41 type 39-caliber 155mm artillery. The artillery and the chassis are combined with a short vertical shaft and a tamper-proof plate. A large hydraulic stern connected to the artillery is mounted at the rear of the truck for recoil. Limit the movement of artillery and improve the stability of the artillery when shooting.

The HM41 artillery was also produced by the Hadid artillery factory. In the late 1990s, South Korea privately sold the production technology of the Iranian KH179 towed howitzer. The KH179 towed howitzer produced in Iran was named HM41 howitzer, while the KH179 howitzer was in the United States. A type of howitzer developed on the basis of the M114 towed howitzer. The HM41 towed howitzer was put into production in 2001. Based on the HM41 howitzer, Iran has developed the current "Darius" vehicle gun. The barrel is made of high-strength alloy steel and adopts single-tube self-tightening technology, which has high fatigue strength and barrel life. The gun uses Western standard caliber and internal structure to launch NATO 155mm ammunition.

According to the photos of the "Darius" vehicle gun released by Iran, the gun is not equipped with automatic or semi-automatic auxiliary loading equipment. The pitch and rotation are manually operated, the degree of automation is low, and the maximum rate of fire is 4 rounds per minute. The rate of fire is 2 rounds per minute. The gun has a maximum range of 22 kilometers when launching a conventional grenade, and the maximum range of the rocket extended range is 30 kilometers.

Iran has adopted the internationally widely used method of self-propelled traction artillery: it is to install a wide range of large-scale traction artillery to the wheeled truck chassis with good tactical maneuverability. The development time and the development cost are reduced, and the simple truck-mounted gun of the "truck and cannon" is advantageous for large-scale equipment. There are bound to be disadvantages.

The level of the "Daishi" vehicle gun produced by the simple method can only be used in the international arena. Since the gun is not equipped with automatic or semi-automatic auxiliary loading and aiming equipment, the gun is very automated. Low, coupled with the Iranian Army artillery command and control system and communication system are very backward, unable to give full play to the "Dalius" vehicle gun capabilities. In addition, like many on-board guns, the "Tarius" vehicle gun has no turret. When the artillery is fired, the personnel are exposed to the outside of the vehicle. If the enemy artillery is fired, the personnel loss is higher than that of the turret.

Hadid Artillery Factory (HAF)

The artillery "the god of war" occupies an important position in the Iranian army. Iran attaches great importance to the construction of artillery and spares no effort to "develop" (actually imitation). All kinds of artillery are the most intuitive manifestation of Iran attaching importance to artillery construction. The reason why Iran attaches importance to artillery construction is because of the influence of Soviet/Russian "cannon" military thoughts.

On the other hand, the Iran-Iraq war has deeply reinforced the great power of the "God of War". During the war, The Iraqi artillery has caused the Iranian army to suffer a lot. In July 1983, in the second siege of the Iranian army to attack the Iraqi town of Basra, the strength of a division of the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard was defeated by two GCT self-propelled howitzers of the Iraqi army. The entire division was defeated by two self-propelled howitzers. This battle really gave Iran a lesson.

After the war, the Iranian Defense Industry Organization (DIO) established the Hadid Artillery Factory (HAF), a comprehensive enterprise integrating scientific research, production and security. It is also an important military enterprise for the development and production of Iranian artillery weapons. Since the establishment of the Hadid Artillery Factory, a variety of different types of artillery have been developed using a combination of self-research and the introduction of foreign artillery techniques. The products include rockets, mortars, howitzers and anti-aircraft guns of various calibers. Thunder "-1", "Thunder"-2, "Darius" self-propelled howitzer is the proud of the Hadid artillery factory.

Whether it is the "Thunder"-2 crawler-type self-propelled howitzer announced at the beginning of this century, or the "Tarius" vehicle gun that appeared in 2013, its combat skill level only reached the level of the 1970s and 1980s, due to the artillery itself. There is limited room for performance improvement, and Iran has only turned its attention to ammunition.

In January 2013, Iran showed its latest "masterpiece" - "God Eye" laser-guided projectiles. It is reported that the "God Eye" guided projectile was reversely imitated by Iran on the basis of the Russian "Red Land" 152 mm laser-guided projectile. The shell has a diameter of 155 mm, a length of about 1.3 m and a weight of 50-51 kg. The warhead is About 20 kilograms of the killing blast warhead, with a range of about 20 kilometers. The successful development of the "God Eye" laser-guided projectile has greatly improved the precision strike capability of the Iranian Army artillery, allowing these large-caliber artillery with relatively backward performance to "welcome their second spring." The gun can also be another weapon for Iran to block the Strait of Hormuz. During the war, Irans squadrons of speedboats can carry the "God Eye" guided projectile's laser target illuminator to provide guidance for the "God Eye" projectile. Combat the ships entering the strait and play the role of "proximity shore-ship missiles."

  • Iranian Rakhsh armored personnel carrier
  • Rakhsh - 4x4 Wheeled APC

    Characterized by high speed on road and excellent off-road mobility, the Rakhsh can transport 10 men. The vehicle is fitted with a 12.7 mm Automatic Gun and can be fitted with different cupolas for various types of armaments, Such as 7.62 mm machine gun and water spraying gun for civil defense. The crew can see and fire through 10 vision blocks and firing ports and can be quickly embarked or deployed through one rear door and two side doors. The Rakhsh 4x4 light armored personnel carrier is intended more for law enforcement forces than for full-fledged combat operations. It is in service with the Iranian police and the Islamic Revolution Guard Corps (IRGC). This armored personnel carrier is extremely similar to the North Korean BTR M-1992 The Rakhsh BTR comes in two versions: the first experimental model, which, apparently, is still being manufactured, and a later export version, which, due to the sanctions imposed on Iran, is also produced for local police and military. First display in 2006, Rakhsh was probably developed by the Iranian Defense Industries Organization (DIO) Shahid Kolah Dooz Industrial Complex. Rakhsh is based on a proven 4 4 cross-country chassis, produced in Iran for a variety of civil and military applications. In 2003 the Russian company Kamaz started cooperation with the company Rakhsh Khodro Diesel by the instrumentality of the RT Ministry of Trade. In addition to being used by Iran, a quantity of these vehicles have been supplied to Sudan. Production of the Rakhsh is undertaken by the DIO on an as required basis and may have been followed in development by a more advanced 4 4 or 6 6 APC. The Rakhsh hull is of all-welded steel armor providing protection from 7.62 mm small arms fire. The commander and driver are seated at the front of the vehicle being provided with front and side bulletproof windows. In addition to its crew of two, Rakhsh can carry eight fully equipped troops seated in the rear troop compartment. These occupants also have small bulletproof windows and 10 associated firing ports that allow them to fire their weapons from within the vehicle with some level of protection. The crew can rapidly enter and leave the vehicle via a door in either side of the hull and twin doors in the hull rear. The baseline version of the Rakhsh APC is fitted with a roof-mounted protective mount armed with a locally manufactured 12.7 mm Machine Gun (MG). This mount appears to be almost identical to that installed on the locally developed Boraq full-tracked APC that is already in service with Iran. This is very similar to 12.7 mm MG cupolas installed on Chinese tracked APCs. This manually operated mount provides side and rear protection to the gunner. Most often, the first option is a 14.5-mm machine gun in the turret, while a later version can only be seen with a 12.7-mm machine gun in the turret. Although there are no obvious reasons why you can not install other weapons. Although some models installed anti-aircraft installation ZU-23-2. In the early models, the side doors were hinged, while the later model had single door side doors. Other differences between the two options are minor, mostly aesthetic, most likely reflecting changes in production technology than any significant improvements. These include the alignment of the roof of the engine compartment, the elimination of certain angles and the movement of air intakes. The hull is welded from sheets of armor steel and has very characteristic massive angular contours. With spaced invoice armor, it provides protection against 7.62-mm bullets. It can also be bolted to fasten armor plates, designed for other combat vehicles. Other features of the machine include a centralized pumping system for wheels, wheels with armor resistant inserts, a winch, an air conditioning system, optional smoke grenade launchers, and a system of protection against weapons of mass destruction. Standard equipment for the Rakhsh includes a central tyre inflation system that allows the driver to adjust the tire pressure to suit the terrain being crossed, tires fitted with run-flats, differential locks and a powered winch. As it will be deployed in high ambient temperatures an air conditioning system is fitted as standard. Rakhsh BTR cannot overcome too complex obstacles, destroy other armored vehicles, or protect the crew and troops from large-caliber ammunition, but it is worth recalling that it is not intended for such things and does not intend to replace Boragh or BMP-2. It is well suited to work as a police car or light armored personnel carrier, but no more. OPTION EQUIPMENT Ceramic-composite layer Protection against 12.7mm up to 14.5 mm Smoke discharger N.B.C Protection system ADVANTAGES Central inflating system Run flat system Winch Differential lock Air condition system Configuration: 4x4 Crew: 2 + 8 Empty weight kg: 6500 Combat weight kg: 7500 Overall length mm: 6067 Overall height (along the roof of the hull) mm: 2432 Overall width mm: 2405 Wheelbase mm: 2910 Track gauge mm: 1900 Turning radius mm: 7500 Entry angle: 420 Exit angle: 310 Max. speed of km / h: 95 Overcoming the ford cm: 80 Slope%: 65 Transmission: ZF-6S-850 (6 + 1) Steering: ZF 8095 hydraulic Suspension: Parabolic springs, hydraulic shock absorbers Electrical system: 24 volts Booking: Armored steel plus bullet-proof glass from 7.62 mm bullets Armament: 12.7-mm machine gun (various turrets can be mounted) Wheels: 12.5 R20 Engine: DO 824LFL09 diesel, water-cooled, 4 cylinders; 155 hp at 2400 rpm, max moment 580 Nm at 1500 r / min.
    Rakhsh - 4x4 Wheeled APC
  • Defense Industries Organization (DIO) Sasadjah (Sazemane Sanaye Defa)

    Armament Industries Group (AIG) is one of the most reliable and leading manufacturer of large and medium caliber guns, cannons, propelled & self- propelled guns, howitzers, various kinds of barrels, rocket & mortar launchers, SPG9 & 106 mm recoilless anti- tank guns, assault & sniper rifles, sub-machine guns, pistols and hunting guns. The five relative subsidiaries of Armament Industries Group in different cities of Iran, with their effective and specialized personnel,valuable and long term experiences more than eight decades in designing, manufacturing, reconstruction and upgrading weapons demanded by Armed Forces of Islamic Republic of Iran, have the honor of not only taking part in developing & reconstruction plans of the country, but also cover many fields devoted to producing both defense and civil products. Utilizing the modern technology, sophisticated machinery, equipment and engineering services, these factories are able to present its military & civil products with best quality and increase in variety.With respect to achievement of quality & environmental international certifications such as ISO 9001,ISO Ts 16949 and military standards which have key role for entering the worldwide competition, AIG is proud to meet the customers requirements. Ammunition & Metallurgy Industries Group (AMIG) is the largest industrial group of Defense Industries Organization (D.I.O) which is in charge of producing a wide range of ammunition from small arms up to large caliber artillery ammunition covering both western and eastern standards. Having more than seven decades of experience in manufacturing military products, AMIG has met the requirement of domestic and international markets in supplying any type of conventional ammunition as well as all components thereto. AMIG, composing of 8 subsidiaries located in different cities of Iran is utilizing modern technology, sophisticated machineries and equipment as well as specialized personnel to manufacture qualified products in both military and non military field. This has led AMIG to achieve various certificates in ISO and other international standards. AMIG products include:Small Arms, Medium Caliber, Mortar Bombs Tank & Anti Tank, Filled Artillery and Cargo. Chemical Industries & Development of Material Group (CIDMG) is a large-size technical and developed branch of Defense Industries Organization affiliated to the Ministry of Defense & Armed Forces logistics of the Islamic Republic of Iran. CIDMG produces military & civil chemical products and materials by making use of a very long experience and taking advantages of latest advanced technologies and high scientific efficiency for the production of powders, propellant charges and mines explosive materials within a range of more than 200 products. All products are manufactured as per Western European skills with the best quality in modern factories, presenting after sales services and providing better quality performance to meet the customers needs and satisfaction. With respect to achievement of quality & environmental international certifications such as ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ISO 10015 and Military Standard which have key role for entering the worldwide competition, CIDMG is proud of making safe the company image, reliability and respect for committing simultaneously the mutual obligations in companion with customers in internal & external markets. Marine Industries Group consisting of five subsidiaries located in north, south & capital of I.R.Iran is the exclusive and important manufacturing industries of Defense Industries Organization ( D.I.O.) which is capable in designing and production of various types of marine structure & floating vessels by utilizing fiberglass, steel and aluminum materials, employing the advanced navigation equipment, central ventilation and communication systems,internal & external fire-fighting systems, huge size fuel tank, fresh water chamber, health and welfare facilities and also safety appliances such as fire-resistant life boat with more than two decades experiences & according to the rules & regulations of IMO and as per international standards & certifications such as ISO 9001 & military standards. Utilizing the modern technology, sophisticated machinery and equipment on special dry berths having shipyards with computerized and huge capacity ship-lift system, various types of cranes, Marine Industries Group is capable to design and produce major civil products such as tug boats, landing crafts, floating docks, supply crew ship, tanker vessel, passenger and fishing ships, cargo vessels, fast installation floating piers and pontoons, crane barges up to 500 tons lifting capacity, tanker and flat barges, fast patrol and training boats, clean petroleum tanker, offshore structure, oil and gas refinery towers. Special Industries Group, composed of five subsidiaries located in different cities of Iran is a qualified and technical branch of Defense Industries Organization with more than three decades experiences, which is in charge of the producing a wide range of military and commercial products and is actively engaged in production, sales and export of the NBC protection equipment in the international markets. The range of the products and services are classified and rendered in the area of detection, protection, decontamination and treatment to its local and international customers worldwide.With respect to achievement of quality & environmental international certifications such as ISO 9001, ISO 9002, ISO-QS134852003 and Military Standard which have key role for entering the worldwide competition, SIG is proud of making safe the company image, reliability and respect for committing simultaneously the mutual obligations in companion with customers in internal & external markets.These products and services include: 1-Sales of technical know how of several high technology products based on the qualified standards and international rules & regulations. 2- Design, installation and maintenance of a number of production lines aimed at producing industrial products such as: blood bags, microbial hoods and providing technical manpower to design and execute clean rooms of all sterility classes. 3- Presents various levels of training courses in the area of NBC protective and defensive equipment and products. Vehicle & Equipment Industries Group [VEIG] with more than three decades experiences is one of the most reliable and unique subsidiaries of Defense Industries Organization, which is composed of six subsidiaries located in different cities of Iran & entitled for the production of various defense related products & services for the meeting of the requirement of the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran & other potential customers either inside or outside the country in the fields of military battle tanks series), armoured personnel carriers, infantry combat vehicle, 155 mm self propelled gun howitzer, mine cleaner (Taftan-1), protective components & composite armour, fire control & gate system, training simulator for tanks & APCs, electrical, mechanical & rubber parts, aircraft tires, light, heavy-duty and tactical vehicles, tipper & tactical trucks, middle bus, intercity bus including the following activities & services:Designing & manufacturing of armoured & special multi purpose vehicles, reactive armoured (parts, building & installation), different generation of camouflages coatings (Anti-radar, thermal, vehicles, ...), various simulator for armoured vehicles, fire control systems, supply of mechanical & electrical assembly & spare parts as per customer's request. Upgrading of APC & MBT, offering the training services in armoured fields (operating, repair and maintenance). Manufacturing of rail-way transportation equipment.



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