Tazarv / Tondar / Dorna
The nomenclature Tazarv / Tondar / Dorna (Persian: Dorna??, "Crane") is variously associated with single prototypes of an Iranian single-engine jet of seemingly indigenous design. The Tazarve jet trainer was the hallmark of Iran's indigenous aerospace industry and will teach the country's design engineers and technicians new lessons.
Iran's Defense Industries Organization announced plans for the production of the propeller-driven Parastu (Swallow) and jet-powered Dorna / Dorneh (Lark) training aircraft. In June 1999 Iranian Air Force General Habibollah Baghal claimed that a locally designed Dorna (Lark) trainer aircraft had entered production.
In February 1999 commander of the Air Force Brigadier-General Habibollah Baqaei offered a report on the achievements of the air force. He said the Air Force had made great progress since the victory of the Islamic Revolution in the operational, technical, educational and research fields and in manufacturing fighter planes of Azarakhsh and training plane of Tondar as well as radar receivers and is strong enough to defend the air-space of the Islamic Republic of Iran. A second version which included a number of improvements of the prototype and which was referred to as 'Thunder', flew some ''two to three years afterwards'' and eventually leading to the first flight of the Tazarve in 2000.
Somewhere along the line the word Tazarv, also written Tazarve, was translated as Eagle from Farsi. But Tazarv means Pheasant, or cock pheasant or a jungle cock, and not Eagle. Tazarve would mean having the manner or gait of a pheasant. Large birds of prey might be called nasr (eagle) 'ukab (falcon) or kargas [vulture]. A Pheasant might more properly be called a túrang or karkitval, while a tazarv or tadarv is an imaginary bird, mentioned by the poets. Some say it is meant for the dove, not the pheasant.
In November 2002 it was reported that a new jet fighter manufactured in Iran was tested on the Kish Island. Tazarv (also written Tazarve), was the third in a line of jet fighters made by Iran to be tested. Dorna and Tondar were previously tested. The JT2-2 Tazarv was the nomenclature applied to the third prototype of the jet-powered Dorna light trainer.
The Tazarv was another jet trainer, entirely of indigenous design, but powered by the General Electric J85 engines that Iranian agents sourced during their worldwide search for F-5 components. The Tazarv is powered by a General Electric J85-13 engine from the F-5E, with the afterburner removed. The Tazarv single-engined jet trainer was designed to specific Iranian requirements for an aircraft capable of fulfilling the basic phase of training, as well as advanced Lead-In-Fighter training.
The JT2-2 Tazarve has been built by the IRIAF Owj Industrial Complex, which has been referred to as the Ya Hossein Project. The Tazarve is the third version of a prototype jet trainer called 'Dorna', which first flew eight years ealier. Personnel at the Ya Hossein Project believe the Tazarve will eventually fulfil a role as basic and advanced jet trainer.
The first prototype of the new Iranian twin-seat jet trainer, named Tazarv (eagle), made its maiden flight in Tehran. The single-engine trainer was built at the Iranian Air Force's (IRIAF) Owj Industrial Complex (OIC), established 14 years earlier during the Iran-Iraq War to design and develop fighter, attack and trainer aircraft, and to manufacture spare parts for the existing IRIAF fleet. "Tazarv has been designed to specifically meet the IRIAF's training requirements, ranging from basic jettraining, to advanced fighter lead-in training in one single airframe, while also having a CAS capability," said Lt. Gen. HabibBagha'i. Although the type of engine used in the Tazarv was not immediately made known, it was thought to be a derated General Electric J85-13 engine (used by F-5s), with its afterburner assembly removed. To reduce weight, composite material has been largely used in the plane's airframe construction.
There was also to be a Close Air Support version, which the complex hoped to work on next. An initial batch of five ordered by the IRIAF will be used in all aspects of testing, flight training and structural tests, and the same body has ordered another 25 aircraft to carry out the pilot training role currently being fulfilled by the F-5B. The IRIAF hopes aimed to construct a purpose-built factory for manufacturing the aircraft ; it had been estimated that the Tazarve will cost as little as $2 million to built. The engine is a General Electric J-85-17, with its afterburners removed.
On 23 September 2007 President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad inspected three models of jet fighters -- Saeqeh, Azarakhsh and Tazarv -- Iran Air Force unveiled on the anniversary of the Iraqi invasion of Iran in 1980. He attended the Air Force Base 1 in Southern Tehran to appreciate the technical teams involved in manufacturing the Iranian made jet fighters. Saeqeh and Azarakhsh jet fighters manufactured jointly by the Ministry of Defense and Logistics of the Armed Forces and the Air Force of the Army of the Islamic Republic of Iran are for military missions and Tazarv (pheasant) is for training. President Ahmadinejad expressed pleasure with success of Iranian technicians in manufacturing the planes.
The latest design - and the closest to production - of Ya-Hossein team is JT2-2 Tazarve (pheasant); a full GRP and carbon fibrecomposite single engine jet trainer, capable of cruising at 400kt at 38,000ft. The second Tazarve prototype was to soon make its maiden flight. Several modifications had been made to this example, including swept-back horizontal stabilizers. There were hopes that a modified Tazarve would finally enter series production.
An order for five development examples and 25 production aircraft was placed by the Iranian air Force. At least the single pre-production aircraft appeared to have been built by 2008.
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