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Shabaviz 2-75

The Bell 214 series were designed as more powerful variants of the existing 205/UH-1D/H helicopters in service with the US and other militaries, as well as in use with various civilian concerns around the world. In the Bell 214 the Lycoming T53-L-13 of the UH-1H was replaced with the T53-L-702, providing an additional 500 horsepower. In 1972 the Imperial government of Iran approached Bell for a version of the 214 specifically designed for so-called "hot and high" enviornments, a common feature of the Iranian landscape.

The resulting contract for the Iranian variant of the 214 HueyPlus, the 214A, was so large that a seperate division of Bell-Textron was established to handle it. This division would later be implicated in various scandals arising from unethical business practices between 1976 and 1978, when all contracts between Bell and the new Iranian government were canceled. Production in Iran of the Bell 214A and 214ST, a stretched variant developed for the Iranian government and later offered commerically. In total Bell delivered 296 Model 214A and an additional 39 Model 214C, a Search Air Rescue (SAR) variant of the 214A.

The Shabaviz 2-75 is a reverse-engineered Bell 214C produced in Iran. The Shabaviz 2-75 program is one of many conducted by the state helicopter manufacturer Panha and the state aircraft company HESA, aimed at developing self-sufficiency in industry, primarily military industry, as well as sustaining the existing Iranian fleet.

In October 2006 Bell-Textron filed civil suit in District Court in the District of Columbia for selling, among others, the Shabaviz 2-75 helicopter, which it claimed "[traded] on Bell's reputation."




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