Sayyad-1 (SA-2 Guideline)
The Sayyad-1 (Hunter I) missile is an Iranian indigenized system of the Chinese HQ-2 development of the Russian S-75 (SA-2 Guideline). On 14 April 1999 the Iranian armed forces carried out a successful test of a surface-to-air missile. A spokesman of the Iranian Ministry of Defense reported "the missile was able to hit its target at an appropriate altitude." This missile was designated Sayyad-1, named for assassinated commander Lt-Gen. Ali Sayyad-Shirazi.
Tehran's Voice of the Islamic Republic of Iran broadcast, "...With the manufacture of this modern surface-to-air missile by the Iranian designers and specialists at the Aerospace Industries Organization affiliated to the Defense and Armed Forces Logistics Ministry of the Islamic Republic of Iran, another step has been taken to reinforce Iran's defense might....Iran's defense might is in fact a speed bump on the way of the aggressive and expansionist policies of the Zionist regime, and the test-firing of the Sayyad-1 surface-to-air missile is a display of the will and might of the armed forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran to stand firm against the true enemies of Islam and the Islamic Republic of Iran."
Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics spokesman Keyvan Khosrawi said that the missile was produced completely by the Airspace Industries Organization, affiliated to the Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics. Iranian defense ministry officials acknowledged that the Sayyad-1 missile was an SA-2 of Chinese design, but was at least partially manufactured in Iran. Chinese Aviation Industry Minister Zha Yuli was on an official visit to the strategic Iranian town of Qeshm in Bushehr province at the time the missile is test-fired. Chinese ambassador to Iran, Wang Shijie, accompanied him on the trip.
Another report suggested that the Sayyad-1 medium to long range air defense missile was developed using elements of technologies of the Hawk and Standard missiles. Having upgraded the missile's warhead, the Iranians increased its firing range to 45-50 kilometers.
In November 1999 Iran's Revolutionary Guards held air defense exercises in central Iran. The exercises, in a desert near Qom, ended on November 10 with "final testing" of Sayyad-1 anti-aircraft missile. "The latest anti-aircraft technology will be deployed. The purpose of the exercises is to procure defensive readiness," General Hossein Khaleqi said.
Minister of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics Vice-Admiral Ali Shamkhani told state television on 23 August 2000 that he would open 23 industrial, research, manufacturing, and services projects during Government Week. Soon to be inaugurated, Shamkhani said, were the Saeqeh and Sayyad-1 air defense missiles.
In November 2010, Iran successfully test-fired its domestically designed and manufactured S-200 missile defense system. It is a very long-range, medium-to-high altitude surface-to-air missile (SAM) system designed to defend large areas from bomber attacks or other strategic aircraft. Each battalion has 6 single-rail missile launchers and fire control radars. It can be linked to other, longer-range radar systems. Each missile is launched by 4 solid-fueled strap-on rocket boosters. The missile employs a solid fuel engine with a combined guiding system and high operational capabilities.
Sayyad-2 surface-to-air missile is said to have a maximum range of between 200 and 350 kilometers depending on the model. It has been designed based on state-of-the-art technology, which can destroy different types of helicopters, drones and targets with small radar cross-section, high speed and maneuverability within its operational range. It was first tested in April 2011 [the chronology is confused], and is currently in the Iranian Armed Forces' inventory. The mid-range, high altitude and solid-fuel Sayyad-2 missile had proven "successful" in locating and hitting even small aerial targets.
Sayyad 2 is a missile for mid-range and high-altitude air defense systems, designed based on the state-of-the-art technologies which can destroy different types of helicopters, drones and targets with small radar cross-section and high speed and maneuverability within its operational range.
Sayyad 2 surface-to-air missile is a two-staged air defense missile that is capable of destroying targets with low Radar Cross Section (RCS) at low and medium altitudes. Sayyad 2 is an upgraded version of Sayyad 1 and enjoys higher precision, range and destruction power compared with its previous version. The system enjoys the capability to defuse jamming and electronic warfare attacks.
The Iranian defense ministry on 14 April 2014 inaugurated the production line of its powerful and high-precision missiles dubbed 'Sayyad (Hunter) 2'. The production line of the missile was launched in a ceremony attended by Iranian Defense Minister Brigadier General Hossein Dehqan. "The designing and production of Sayyad 2 missile was brought on agenda to have the needed defensive tool for confronting (possible) air raids," Dehqan said, addressing the ceremony in Tehran.
A high-ranking Iranian military commander said 18 April 2014 the Islamic Republic was developing a new version of the powerful and high-precision Sayyad (Hunter) missile to be mounted on indigenous S-200 missile defense systems. Commander of Khatam al-Anbiya Air Defense Base Brigadier General Farzad Esmaili said that Iranian defense experts were working on the development of Sayyad-3 missile.
The system is capable of repelling attacks by bombers and other types of combat aircraft, as well as of destroying helicopters, drones and other air threats, the General said. The Iranian media quote him as saying that Sayyad-3 missiles will prove quite a surprise to the enemy on the battlefield. Iran marked National Army Day on Friday 18 April 2014. When addressing the military parade in Tehran, President Hassan Rouhani said that the might of Iran's armed forces effectively props up the 'strong positions of our negotiators' during the talks with the six international mediators on a settlement of Iran's nuclear problem.
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