National Resistance Movement of Iran
Iran Liberation Front
After the 1979 revolution several monarchist political parties formed in exile, all of whom supported the restoration of a royalist regime in Iran. With varying degrees of enthusiasm the monarchists contended that Reza Cyrus Pahlavi, the eldest son (born 1960) of the last Shah, was the legitimate ruler of the country. The former crown prince proclaimed himself Shah Reza II in 1980 following his father's death. Subsequently, he announced that he wanted to reign as a constitutional monarch and have a role similar to the role of the king of Spain. The most active monarchist group has been the Paris-based National Resistance Movement of Iran (NRMI) under the leadership of Shahpour Bakhtiar, the last royalist prime minister. The NRMI's official position was to restore the 1906 constitution as its original drafters intended, with a Shah that reigns rather than rules. In 1983 Bakhtiar's group agreed to cooperate with another Paris-based party, the Iran Liberation Front (ILF), which was led by elder statesman and former royalist prime minister Ali Amini.
In general, the monarchist parties were weakened by personality conflicts among the several leaders. When Manuchehr Ganji, a former royalist cabinet officer, broke with Amini in 1986, many ILF followers joined him in forming a new rival party called the Banner of Kaveh, after the legendary pre-Islamic blacksmith hero who defeated an evil tyrant and restored the rule of ancient Iran to a just Shah.
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