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India-Myanmar Border Fence

Indo-Myanmar FenceThe total length of International border (land) of India is 15,106.7 Kms. Some 17 States viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal are the States on the International Border. The problems and security challenges faced by some of these Bordering States are illegal immigration, cross-border firing, cross-border crimes, etc.

Government of India initiated action to fence the area between BP No. 79 to 81 in the State of Manipur on the Indo-Myanmar Border (9.12 km). So far, 4.07 km fencing work has been completed. The date of completion of the work was March, 2014. The fencing along the Indo-Myanmar border had been sanctioned only in the State of Manipur for a stretch of 10.00 km, out of which about 4.00 km of work had been completed. To check the free movement of the insurgents along the international border, the construction of a 10 km long border fence was started at Moreh.

The fencing work had been stopped due to the protest from the Government of Manipur and local populace. the intermittent protests against the construction of a border fence started in July 2013 by various political parties and the affected people in Manipur. The protesters claimed that the 10-km fence between border pillars no. 79 and 81, which is being constructed several meters inside the Indian territory because of Myanmars objections, would result in Manipur loosing substantial portions of its territory to Myanmar.

However construction was suspended when it was established that the fence was being constructed deep inside Manipur. While over 10 villages would be affected, one village in the state's Ukhrul district, namely Choro Khunnou would entirely go to Myanmar. Govajang and Haolenphai villages stood to lose vast tract of land in case the Indo-Myanmar boundary fencing project proceeds without proper area demarcation.

In January 2017 the United Naga Council (UNC) strongly opposed the construction of border fencing along the Indo-Myanmar border at Pangsha village in Tuensang, Nagaland. Terming it as a great injustice committed on the Naga people, the United Naga Council said that such border fencing is bound to deprive the inherent rights of the Naga family from communicating each other.

"We the Naga people even today protest against the bifurcation of our ancestral homeland by the colonialists by placing us in different countries, and also, in different states in India without prior knowledge and consent of the people. The Naga people will not tolerate further division of our land and people under any circumstances by any kinds of artificial barriers, the United Naga Council asserted.

No fence is built by the neigboring countries. There is no proposal to establish Border Area Commission or any such body. Infiltration is not rampant and no set pattern in respect of levels of increase/decrease in infiltration can be deduced from the record of apprehension/killing of infiltrators.

The Border Roads Organisation has been entrusted the task of constructing the fence with the Assam Rifles, which has replaced the Border Security Force in the border area, providing security coverage to the work agency.

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Page last modified: 03-04-2018 18:12:14 ZULU