The Eastern Naval Command (ENC), which came into existence in June 1971, is headquartered in Vizag. It is tasked with safeguarding against aggression on the eastern front and providing security to Indian territory, ports, harbours, oil platforms and other maritime assets and resources in India's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). Hundreds of ships transit through the Malacca Straits every day. Approximately 10 million barrels of crude oil also transit through the area. Consequently, the ENC plays a significant role in ensuring the safe passage of such vital cargo.
The ENC is also home to the Indian Navy's submarine arm, which includes a submarine base and a submarine training school. Shipbuilding facilities in the area include the Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers (GRSE) in Calcutta and Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL) in Vizag.
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