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Georgia Land Forces - Organization

As of 2007 the strength of Land Forces was officially stated as 21,739 from which 2,215 were officers, 19,508 sergeants/corporals (contracting) and 16 civilians. The Georgian Army consisted of 4 brigades and numerous military units. Conscription is carried out twice a year for the period of 18 months (12 months for conscripts with high education). The 2007 Strategic Defense Review [SDR] recommended reducing the authorized GAF end strength from 28,666 personnel to 18,755 by the end of 2015.

Redistribution of artillery assets placed shorter range cannons in the infantry brigade direct support battalions; longer range cannons and MLRS have been consolidated in the Land Force Artillery Brigade. Logistics battalions have been formed as organic structures of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Infantry Brigades; a Logistic Battalion providing general support to Land Forces would be formed by the end of 2009. The 4th Infantry Brigade will not revert to a cadre status; it will be restructured to mirror the other infantry brigades.

By the end of 2009, the authorized strength of the GAF was to be be reduced to 26,007 personnel – Land Force with 17,225, Air Force with 1,585; Navy with 786, and Administrative Staffs and Central Structures with 6,411. By the end of 2009, based on programmed SDR recommendations, structural changes to the current force include the two separate infantry battalions (i.e., Poti and Batumi) will be inactivated. The new Military Police Battalion will transfer from the Military Police Department to Land Force. A general support Logistic Battalion will be established under Land Force and include the assets from the previously assigned Medical Battalion. National Guard`s four (NG) brigade cadre will be formed consisting of the regional NG battalions.

By the end of 2009, the basic composition of the infantry brigade will be slightly modified by adding an additional armor company, eliminating one mechanized company, and adding an NBC platoon in the engineer company. This change will increase the mobility and lethality of the brigade structure. The intent is to procure non-Soviet equipment that is more interoperable with NATO requirements. By 2009, at least four NG brigades will be formed to provide a command and control structure for the regional NG battalions. The brigade headquarters for each of these organizations will have a small peacetime active duty cadre of 47 officers and NCOs to perform mobilization planning and administrative functions. Current planning for the fully mobilized structure for these brigades was under development in 2007.

By the end of 2012, the authorized strength of the GAF was to be reduced to 21,701 personnel – Land Force with 13,678, Air Force with 1,585, Navy with 786, and Administrative Staffs and Central Structures with 5,652. The force was to be fully professional with the elimination of conscription in 2009. Major changes to the GAF organizational structure during this period were to include the 4th Infantry Brigade being inactivated in 2012. The 152mm Howitzer and Anti-Tank Battalions in the Artillery Brigade were to be inactivated. Acquisition of modern SIGINT systems for the Land Force Military Intelligence Battalion. Based on anticipated changes to the existing legislation concerning the “Total and Unconditional Defense” the overall structure of the National Guard were to be significantly reduced.

By the end of 2015, the authorized strength of the GAF will be reduced to 18,755 personnel – Land Forces with 11,876, Air Force with 500, and Navy with 1,280, and Administrative Staffs and Central Structures with 5,108. Based on the 2007 SDR analysis, a number of significant changes to the overall GAF force structure are programmed for this period. Air Force – the elimination of the Su-25 Squadron and transfer of rotary wing assets to the Land Force. Reduction of one infantry brigade and elimination of one combat battalion in each remaining brigade. Elimination of the separate tank battalion. Creation of a Maritime Defense Force with the merging of Navy and Coast Guard assets; Modifications to the National Guard Department will be required based on anticipated changes to national policy of “total and unconditional defense”. Elimination of the organization for Georgian peacekeepers assigned to the separatist regions.

These changes will require modifications to the existing GAF tasks for service components to coincide with these planned changes during the 2013 – 2015 period. By the end of 2015, the basic brigade formation was to be reduced from four to three combat maneuver battalions. A mechanized company was to replace an armor company in the Mixed Armor Battalion. The diagram reflects the end state structure for the infantry brigade. The brigade would remain a flexible, self-contained maneuver structure with organic artillery, support and supporting signal, recce and engineer companies.

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