Reis class Type 214 New Type Submarine Project
In 2008 it was decided to initiate contract negotiations with German Howaldswerke-Deutsche Werft (HDW) GmbH and Marine Force International LLP Consortium for the procurement of new submarine project. The project covered the construction of 6 New Type Submarines with air independent propulsion system. The submarines will be constructed at Gölcük Naval Shipyard with the participation of local industry and through the material packages to be supplied from the contractor.
Request For Proposal was released on December 28, 2006 and revised on July 12, 2007. DCNS (France), HDW/MFI Business Partnership (Germany) and NAVANTIA S.A. (Spain) submitted their proposals as of November 12, 2007. The evaluation of the proposals was finalized and on July 22, 2008, Defence Industry Executive Committe has decided to initiate the contract negotiations first with HDW-MFI Business Partnership. The contract negotiation started in August 2008. Contract negotiations started on August 2008, and as of early 2009 Turkey planned to launch the program later in 2009. The Type 214 from ThyssenKrupp was selected in the summer of 2008.
On 2nd July 2009, a contract was signed by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft GmbH (HDW), Kiel, a company of ThyssenKrupp Technologies, and MarineForce International LLP (MFI), London, for the delivery of six material packages for the construction of Class 214 submarines to Turkey. The value of the contract is estimated as 2,5 billion . There is %80 offset agreement. The submarines will be built in Gölcük Naval Shipyard where 11 submarines of Type 209, were previously built.
With the realization of the project, the infrastructure of the Gölcük Naval Shipyard will be improved and the shipyard will gain the know-how and experience regarding the construction and outfitting of submarine with air independent propulsion system. Also, in scope of the project, in which the participation of local industry at the maximum level is aimed, some of the systems and equipments to be integrated on the submarines will be produced and integrated by the local subcontractors.
In case the contract is signed with HDW-MFI Business Partnership, the 214 Class submarines would be constructed by Gölcük Naval Shipyard through the design and material packages to be supplied from the Business Partnership. There will be an industry participation and offset at the level of %80. In this scope, the industry participation will be achieved through the production and integration of some systems and equipments by the local subcontractors and the procurement of some infrastructure improvements from local sources.
A total of 6 new Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) submarines are being constructed by HDW in Turkey for the Turkish Navy. As the leading local defense company and the main sub-contractor of ATLAS Elektronik, HAVELSAN is responsible for the software development, test and integration of Combat Management System (CMS) with Integrated Sensor Underwater System (ISUS 90-72). Project was started on 22 June 2011 and planned to be completed by the year 2023.
HAVELSAN, with a vision of widening the area of operations in the NTSP, signed a new contract with HDW to provide its own indigenous Submarine Data Distribution System (DBDS) on 24 November 2011. DBDS, provides all kinds of information needed by a submarine from the source and similar to a nervous system, distributes information to related systems in a safe manner in required intervals and formats. With DBDS, the information flow between submarine sensors, weapons, command and control systems and other navigation equipment could be centrally managed and controlled. In addition, redundancy is provided for the source of information where necessary and all information could be recorded for analysis purposes when desired.
In fact, DBDS, originally developed by HAVELSAN and produced for MILGEM and New Type Patrol boats, is the third member of Ship Data Distribution System product family. Initial members of those systems are successfully being used onboard TCG HEYBELIADA and new potrol boats. With DBDS contract, HAVELSAN, demonstrates a first time marketing success for a indigenous system requiring high technology and standarts. In addition, similar to the previous defence projects, HAVELSAN also supports the SSM efforts to raise local content for New Type Submarine Project (NTSP). To this end, the local content ratio was planned to be over 70% during DBDS production.
A total of 8 Turkish companies and two state-run research institutions have been working on developing new systems.
- Aselsan has taken over the Type 214TN installation of the Turkish design and construction system ESM ARES-2N, the domestic developed Alper LPI shipping radar, the integrated communications system, the satellite communications system in the X-band also of domestic development and the whole of the submarine's electronic systems.
- Aselsan signed an agreement with Carl Zeiss Optronics to construct and supply the German company with ten thermal cameras to equip the periscope of the six Type 214TN as well as the four submarines Type 209/1200.
- Aselsan signed an agreement with HDW for the construction of the electronic systems of the six submarines Type 214TN, amounting to 95.5 million euros.
- In the communications sector, Milsoft, Turkey, undertook a 17 million construction and completion of six multi-link systems and data linking software via Link-11/22, while Havelsan undertook to interconnect to the ISUS- 90-72 with the SEDA and TorAKS interfaces that the company has developed, which allow the integration of sensors and weapons respectively. This allows the Turkish Navy to complete in ISUS-90-72 any sensor and weapon wanted in the future, even of Turkish construction.
- The multi-function workstations and weapons control stations will be manufactured by Ayesas, with the ultimate goal of promoting them on the international market.
- Koc Information and Defense Technologies will build the diversion tracking system and license the Sea Crypsis torpedo detection, classification and countermeasure system of the British company Ultra Electronics.
- The TUBITAK-MAM state-owned research institute, which will build hydrophones, the submarine battery control system, the central air conditioning system, and the submarine acoustic tracking and control system are also important.
- In the Turkish Type 214TN, Roketsan collaborates with the Turkish Navy ARMERKOM and the state-owned TUBITAK-MAM research institute for the development of the AKYA heavy torpedo of 533 mm, which is based technologically on the White Shark torpedo of the Korean company LIGNex1, while the submarine is to carry the Diehl anti-aircraft IDAS missile.
Construction of TCG Piri Reis is the first boat in the class. Muhiddin Piri Reis was one of the most important scholars in the Turkish Maritime history and he was well known through his excellent cartographic studies. In 1513 and 1528, he drew two world maps. Another gift from Piri Reis to the history of the worlds Maritime was his manual The Navigation (Bahriye) which he wrote twice in 1521 and 1525. In this unique work, the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean were depicted in various aspects.
The National Submarine project, which entered into force on June 22, 2011, is being built at Gölcük Shipyard. Construction blocks will be equipped with equipments for the submarine blocks consisting of combining 5 blocks. Blocks to be assembled into tubes will also be moved to the pool for other equipment to be made.
Construction of TCG Piri Reis started in 2015, but technical and financial issues delayed the program by an estimated six years. According to the initial plan of the Turkish Navy, the construction of the TCG Piri Reis, the first submarine of the Reis-class, was supposed to start in 2011 and be delivered for operation in 2015. Because of the problems mentioned above the start of construction was postponed from 2011 to 2013 and then to 2015. In the end, the official ceremony marking the start of construction took place last Friday, on the 9th of October 2015. By 2018 the first submarine was expected to be delivered to the navy in 2021. According to Turkish media reports, the contract value is estimated at around 2,5 billion. Constructions of the other submarines are still going on every twelve months.
On 27 February 2018 Mr.Nurettin Canikli, Minister of National Defence attended the first welding ceremony of Murat Reis which is the third submarine of which construction has been initiated in the scope of New Generation Submarine Project. Prime Minister Mr.Binali Yildirim, speaking at the ceremony performed in Gölcük Shipyard Command, said Turkey is continuing to increase its competence in every area especially in the recent years. Turkey has made a significant progress in the fields of maritime and commercial maritime as well as defence industry".
New Type Submarine (AIP) Project
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|