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Milgem Istanbul-class frigate

TCG Milgem Frigate Yavuz Class Frigates are aging, and they will be replaced by the second batch of indigenous I class frigates built under the MILGEM (Milli Gemi National Ship) program. This class of frigates will possible be decommissioned in the first few years of the 2020s. Turkey's Glck military shipyard in the country's northwest was planned to build the six vessels. They will be equipped with state-of-the-art anti-missile and anti-aircraft air defense missile systems as well as other weapons. Several international ship builders, including Germany's Blohm + Voss, Norway's Kongsberg, and Lockheed Martin are said to be interested in this program

The objective was the acquisition of anti-air warfare frigates that will provide survivability in the presence of aerial threat and also support mission functions such as command control and communication, reconnaissance, early warning, surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare and electronic warfare.

The first four Milgem class warships, from the Turkish words Milli Gemi (National Ship), are classified as corvettes, while the last four are classified as frigates. The frigates will be slightly larger in terms of dimensions and will be equipped with the Mk.41 VLS and ESSM, along with other additional systems for improved multirole combat capabilities. The Mk.41 VLS (Vertical Launching System) is capable of firing ESSM (Evolved Sea Sparrow), VLA (Vertical Launch Anti-Submarine Rocket), and Standard missiles will be used as a testing platform for the new class of four indigenous AAW frigates of the Turkish Navy, known as the TF-2000 program. The experience and technological know-how gained with the Milgem project would play an important role in determining the design characteristics and the development process of the TF-2000 class frigates, as well as the selection of the systems and equipment which will be used on these ships.

Turkey's Undersecretariat for Defense Industries (SSM) has defined their 2012-2016 Strategic Plan for over 280 projects which were initiated in 2011. The first ship in the national warship project MILGEM-S was to be completed in 2016.

The first Class I / Istambul class frigate was made by the Minister of National Defense, Intellectual Light and Naval Commander Admiral Blent Bostanoglu. The ship called Istanbul will attract attention with its long range and domestic ammunition. The studies for meeting the need of the Naval Forces Command for high ranges, effective weapons, command control and combat systems with national facilities started, and the construction of the "class frigate" was planned as a continuation of the "Ada Island-class" corvettes.

Turkey is on its way to building its first frigate warship in a bid to ensure the country is able to meet future security challenges. Built mainly from indigenous materials, the program is part of MILGEM, a national warship project aimed at ensuring that Turkey can develop and deploy multipurpose corvettes and frigates for a multitude of scenarios and strengthen its naval defence.

A corvette is a small warship and is traditionally the smallest class of vessel that can be considered a warship. The class above is a frigate. Both warships are hugely versatile and offer offensive and defensive features.

The Istanbul-class frigate, as it is known, will be constructed using manufacturing material made in Turkey. According to the Anadolu Agency, this will mean 75 percent of the components will be indigenous. In contrast, 72 percent of the Ada-class corvettes will be built from parts sourced from Turkey.

The milestone is also supported by a growing ecosystem of Turkish defence-related companies. Around two-thirds of the 80 subcontractors for the Istanbul-class frigate consist of homegrown Turkish companies.

Fikri Isik stated that President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is trying to bring national warships to the navy every day within the framework of the local defense industry move, and the first national war corps, TCG Heybeliada, has been serving for 5 years and the second TCG Bykada for 3 years. He explained that he performed successfully and contributed significantly to the operational needs of the navy.

The success of the island-class corvettes, which were a start in the construction of the national ship, attracted the attention of other countries. After the Ada Island-class 4 corvette with national facilities, the frigate class ship will be built as the 5th ship. "Istanbul" will carry the distinction of being Turkey's first national frigate. The Naval Forces Command completed the design of the Istanbul class frigate on the basis of the Ada Island-class corvette design in approximately 2 years.

The length and range of Class I frigates will be longer than island-class corvettes. Class I frigates will be able to reach Istanbul from Somalia or Yemen without refueling. The ship's Vertical Evacuation System (DAS) has the ability to fire Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM) against surface and air targets, and the number of guided projectiles that can be used against air targets with the ESSM guided projectile integration, while its range is It will be increased from 5 kilometers to 18.5 kilometers.

Piri, which was developed by ASELSAN with national facilities as an infrared search and tracking system for class I frigates, named after the famous Turkish sailor Piri Reis, will be integrated. In this way, it will be possible to detect against guided rounds that approach from a very low altitude and cannot be seen by the radar.

In addition, an Electronic Attack System will be developed for the first time with national facilities. With the system that will be integrated into the ship and added to the electronic warfare capabilities, the opportunity of cheating and mixing against the gun electronic systems owned by the enemy elements will be won nationally.

It is learned that TCG Istanbul will serve with the F 515 broadside number. Gun control, sonar and radar of TCG Istanbul, which is planned to have S 70B Seahawk heliport and hangar, will be completely local. The engines of TCG Istanbul, which has submarine defense and torpedo deceit as well as air defense, will be supplied from abroad.

With the development of the 76 millimeter ammo, the rate of fire will be increased from 80 to 120 per minute. Controls will be converted from analog system to digital controlled. Weapon range and destructive power will be increased by switching from 12.7 millimeter machine gun mounted STAMP system to 25 millimeter cannon integrated STOP system. In this way, more effective defense and assault can be made against asymmetric threats and radar cross-sectional small surface targets.

While the number of guided shells against surface targets will be 8 in Ada Island-class corvettes, this number will be increased to 16 in Istambul-class frigates. The Harpoon guided projectile system in the island-class corvettes is planned to be replaced by the national Atmaca guided projectile. Atmaca, which is currently under development by Roketsan, is planned to be an important success of the domestic defense industry with a range of up to 222 kilometers.

The Torpedo Mixing Deception System, previously purchased from abroad, will be replaced in class I frigates. Instead, Hizir system developed by Aselsan with national facilities will be used. Hizir's tests, which have reached the final stage in the tests carried out in three stages, continue successfully. It is aimed to find the main drive system in Class I frigates with more modern, lower emission values, more environmentally friendly, more efficient and lower fuel consumption.



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Page last modified: 04-01-2021 17:50:22 ZULU