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Military


TAB-77

The TAB-72 was succeeded by the TAB-77, which is a copy of the Soviet BTR-70 with the only known difference being an AT-3 Sagger ATGW mounted on each side of the turret. The ROMARM company, previously known at RATMIL, licence produced a variant of the Soviet BTR-70 (88) armored personnel carrier under the Romanian designation TAB-77. Production of the TAB-77 is complete and it is no longer marketed by ROMARM. The TAB-77 and differs from the BTR-70 in a number of areas. The most significant difference is that the TAB-77 is powered by a pair of Model 797-05M1 diesel engines, while the Soviet BTR-70 has two ZMZ-4095 gasoline engines. The Romanian vehicle is heavier than the BTR-70, and has a lower power-to-weight ratio.

The all-welded steel hull of the TAB-77 provides crew protection against 7.62 mm small arms fire fired from a range of 100 m. The layout of the TAB-77 is similar to the Russian BTR-70, with the driver seated at the front left with the vehicle commander to his right. Both have forward-opening hatch covers that can be locked in the vertical position. Both crew members are provided with a windscreen to the front, and when the vehicle is in a combat area, these are covered by a hinged shutter. Forward observation is then by roof-mounted day periscopes with additional observation devices being provided to give observation to the sides. The commander also has a roof-mounted searchlight operated from within the vehicle.

The single-man manually operated turret is mounted in the center of the hull roof and, like that fitted to the BTR-60/BTR-70 vehicles, is not fitted with a hatch cover. Armament comprises one 14.5 mm KPVT and one PKT 7.62 mm co-axial machine gun with the day sight being on the left side of the turret. Turret traverse and weapon elevation is manual.

The troop compartment is in the center and has two roof hatches with the troops normally entering and leaving the vehicle via a small forward-opening door situated between the second and third roadwheel stations. The engine compartment is located at the rear of the vehicle with a single exhaust pipe being located either side of the hull at the rear.

The TAB-77 is fully amphibious, propelled in the water by a single water-jet situated in the rear of the hull. Before entering the water the bilge pumps are switched on and the trim vane is hydraulically erected by the driver from his seat. When travelling on land this is stowed retracted on the glacis plate.

Standard equipment includes an automatic fire detection and suppression system, front-mounted winch with a capacity of 5,500 kg, an NBC system, infra-red night vision equipment, power steering on the front four wheels, a central tyre-pressure regulation system, that allows the driver to adjust the tyre pressure from his seat while the vehicle is in motion, and an engine preheater.

The BTR-70 has an overall shape similar to the BTR-60 series. There are three forward-facing periscopes and one sidefacing periscope for observation to the front and sides for both the commander and driver. The turret is identical to that fitted to the BTR-60PB and the BRDM-2 amphibious scout car.

The commander's single-piece front-opening hatch cover and a driver's single-piece rear-opening hatch cover complement two front windows, one for the commander and one for the driver, which are covered in combat by an armored hatch cover hinged at the top. The three firing ports and one vision block in each side the troop compartment to the rear are complemented by two square roof hatches over the top of the troop compartment, each with a circular firing port. There is a prominent gap between the second and third wheels. The cigar-shaped exhaust pipes are mounted high on the rear of the hull that run down each side towards the rear, with a single-piece rear-mounted hydro-jet cover.

The BTR-70 is a fully amphibious vehicle that is propelled through the water by a single water jet at the rear of the hull. The vehicle has an all-welded hull with improved protection over its frontal arc, as compared to the original BTR-60 series. The nose is also wider and the front of the vehicle provides added protection to the front wheels. The commander and driver are seated at the front with the commander on the right and the driver on the left. The troop compartment is to the rear of the turret and the engine compartment is at the rear of the vehicle. The BTR-70 has a filtration and overpressurization system for NBC protection. There is also believed to be a 4x4 version of the TAB series APC, called the TAB-C, with a much shorter hull for use in a reconnaissance role. The TAB-72 APC is an amphibious vehicle with an all-welded steel hull.

Crew 3
Passengers 8
Configuration 8 x 8.
Combat weight 11,000 kg.
Length 7.22 meters.
Width 2.83 meters.
Height 2.7 meters.
Ground clearance 0.47 meters.
Wheelbase 4.21 meters.
Maximum road speed 95 km/h.
Maximum water speed 10 km/h.
Fuel capacity 290 liters
Maximum road range 500 km.
TAB-72 Armor
  • Hull (maximum) 9 mm
  • Turret (maximum) 7 mm
  • Vehicle Capabilities
  • cross a 2.0-meter trench.
  • mount a 0.4-meter vertical step.
  • climb a 60-percent grade.
  • ford amphibiously.
  • Armament Characteristics The TAB-72 has two layers of armament: main and secondary.
    Main Armament 14.5mm KPVT turret-mounted heavy machine gun with a practical rate of fire of 150 rds/min with a basic ammunition load of 500 rounds.
    Secondary Armament secondary armament is a 7.92-mm machine gun with a basic load of 2,000 rounds.



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    Page last modified: 12-07-2012 22:10:33 ZULU