(BAC - Los buques de aprovisionamiento para el combate)
Ships for provisioning combat (BAC - Los buques de aprovisionamiento para el combate) "Patiño" and "Cantabria" and the tanker "Marqués de la Ensenada" constitute the staff of logistics ships of the fleet. All of them are part of the Naval Action Group Number 1 of the fleet. The 'Patiño' was built in the mid-1990s by Empresa Nacional Bazán, now Navantia, at their shipyards in Ferrol with the most modern methods of shipbuilding of the moment. In more than 15 years of service, fulfilled to the satisfaction of the Navy with the tasks for which it was designed; in that period, has been subject to several modifications to enhance and upgrade capacities, in accordance with the evolution of naval operations. Proof of this is the participation as a command ship in the Atalanta operation to fight piracy in the Horn of Africa. It is expected to be tested to the works of modernization of half life, in order to incorporate new equipment and systems, as well as replace those other obsolete or whose operational life is nearing its end.
As a combat supply and Hospital ship, the primary role of the "Patio" is the providing fuel, water, ammunition, food, spare parts, ammunition, clothing, pharmacy and health care to combat units in the sea. The design of the ship, developed in cooperation with the Royal Netherlands Navy, contemplates the ability to support a combat group (an aircraft carrier, five frigates and 20 onboard aircraft) for a continuous period of 21 days.In addition, the ship has a number of capabilities that can develop in a manner similar to an escort, as they are all those relating to flight operations or those related to the maritime interdiction (control of maritime traffic, visit and log, counter-pirate).
Recently, habitability, communications systems and infrastructure of the ship has been adapted to serve as a command ship, able to accommodate a Group Chief and his staff and give them the means of command and control needed to perform their function. This new capability was put into practice during the involvement of the ship in the Atalanta operation in year 2010/11, coinciding with the Spanish control of the EUNAVFOR, being "Patiño" the first ship that rotation logo (November 2010 to January 2011).
The ship has a broad set of media for communications and the exercise of command and control, such as the integrated system of communications ICCS 3, radio communications in HF, UHF and VHF bands as well as satellite communications via INMARSAT B. and SECOMSAT systems For the surveillance and identification, the ship has a radar for navigation (band F) and surface KH 1007, a radar control of helicopters (band F) KH 1007, a radar navigation LPI PILOT Mk 2 MOD 7 (band I), System IFF AN/TPX-54 (V) Mk XII, FLIR camera, equipment of AIS Automatic identification and detection equipment for electromagnetic emissions in the bands of radar (ALDEBARAN) and radio communications (REGULUS). It also has a closed circuit TV (CCTV) for control of the key Interior and exterior spaces.
For self-defence, it is equipped with 6 launchers for CHAFF (SRBOC MK-36), two heavy machine guns "Oerlikon" of 20 mm, 4 medias "Browning" of 12.7 mm machine guns and 2 light machine guns MG-42. The ship has 2 RHIB boats and 1 ZODIAC boat, plus the ability to engage others respect, whose versatility allows its use in support of a wide range of capabilities: visit and registration, salvage and rescue, self-defense, transport, foreign aid. The 'Patiño' has a hangar with a capacity to house 2 heavy helicopters (SH3D) or three light.
The "Patiño" is the result of the first program conducted between Spain and the Netherlands, to fifty percent, for the development of new vessels. Designed in accordance with the joint requirements of the Spanish Navy and the Royal Dutch Navy, "Patiño" meets the two main needs of the Navy in connection with the logistical support of the fleet: Increase the reach of the fleet; Maximize autonomy on the seas in distant areas.
The beginning of the construction work began in September 1992 in the shipyards of Bazán Ferrol, initiating the pre-fabrication of blocks and workshop modules in the first months of 1993, and armament work according to the system of building integrated. This system allows performance of parallel work traditionally carried out sequentially, and carry out a major part of tasks in the workshop, in better working conditions, resulting in a higher quality and better performance.
The keel was laid down was made on July 1, 1993. She was launched on 22 June 1994, with Highness Real Doña Margarita de Borbón y de Borbónacting as godmother, and delivered to the Navy in June 1995. The "Patiño" received the battle flag, in Vigo, of March 26, 1998, at the hands of Dña. María de los Ángeles Callejo Rey, wife of the excmo. Mayor of the city. The ship is honored with the name of Don José Patiño and Rosales (1666-1736), Secretary of the Navy and Indies, of war and of the finance and General intendant of the Navy who devoted almost all of his life in the service of the administration of the State and under whom the Navy organized the arsenals.
Previously, another vessel's name "Patiño" there was in the Navy. It was a transport to screw steamer, of merchant origin, with very light armament, which was allocated to missions of mail, transporting troops, colonial notice and accompaniment of horns as logistics mobile base. Purchased in England with eight others, in 1859, on the occasion of the Africa War, served in Fernando Poo and Philippines as mail ship between Manila and Hong Kong. It was decommissioned in 1879.
The activity of the vessel is varied and this affects the regime of shipboard life. In port, the workday focuses on the period of the morning. Normally, the stay in the base is devoted to enlistment, encompassing scheduled maintenance e incidental, training and instruction, cleanings as well as the preparation of exercises or operations in which the ship will participate. At sea, the regime of shipboard life changes radically, being normal ship sailing in situations of three surveillance.
In recent years, the ship has been absent from the base an average of 140 days a year, making around 120 days of sea, operating in waters of the North Atlantic Ocean and South of the Mediterranean, the Arctic and the Indian Ocean, either as a result of exercise of actual operations, as part of various national and international groups that include SNMG-1, SNMG-2 and EUNAVFOR.
One of the features of the "Patio" is the high quality of life on board, resting, mainly, in their good standards of habitability, platform stability, the possibilities for the practice of sport aboard, his laundry service, without forgetting the quality of its food, which enjoys well-deserved fame. The ship has gym, gym, table tennis and spacious areas for jogging. It is usual that the certain duration voyages aboard developed sports and competitions of table games, which have broad participation.
Since its launch, the ship has participated in numerous operations and national and multinational exercises include operation"Sharp Guard"in support of the embargo decreed by the Security Council of the United Nations in the former Yugoslavia in 1996, operation"Allied Action"during the crisis in Kosovo in 1998, two detachments to the Ocean Indian within the operation"Enduring Freedom"(enduring freedom) in which took part in the action on the ship without Pavilion"So San' in which fifteen Scud missiles were discovered in 2002; in 2006 he participates in operation "Free Hidalgo" in 2006 where, this being for the first time in which takes part in an amphibious operation, acting as a supply ship in a massive landing of helitransportado material; more recently, he has participated in operation Active Endeavour against terrorism in the Mediterranean (2009 and 2010) and in the Atalanta operation against piracy in the Horn of Africa (2010-2011). In the latter, the ship acts as a command of CTF 465, the EUNAVFOR Commander ship.
In addition, "Patiño" has formed part of the naval forces of the Atlantic Alliance in the Mediterranean and in the Atlantic (STANAVFORLANT/guaranteed-1 and STANAVFORMED/guaranteed-2) and in Europe (Italy), and has participated in numerous multinational exercises in the waters of the Mediterranean, the North Sea, Arctic sea and South Atlantic, among them: Northern Light (1995), Bright Horizon (1995), Linked Seas (1997-2000)Strong Resolve (1998), Destined Glory (1998), Brilliant Mariner (2006), Neptune Warrior (2006), Espabras (2008), Joint Warrior (2009), Loyal Mariner (2009) and Swordfish (2010).
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|